CHINESE REPUBLIC (1912-1949) and other MARKS OVERVIEW

(An update to this marks overview for May 2014 is now complete. All new marks are in the proper alphabetical order but the text will be red and in italics for a short time so as to highlight the newly added marks. There are about 200 new marks.)

A few years ago I posted on the Gotheborg Discussion Board (Gotheborg.com) an overview of Republic of China marks. Since then I have acquired many more different marks, as well as more examples of known marks. The last overview showed examples of all types of marks from the Republic Period, including reign marks, ‘CHINA’ marks, private kiln marks, hall marks, commendation marks and ‘circle’ marks. This updated overview will concentrate on the private kiln and company marks, hall and commendation marks, and will also include artist’s marks and seals, where possible.

The main thing that separates Republic marks from the marks of all previous times is the enormous number of private kiln and company, maker’s or shop marks. When one looks at the most comprehensive English language lineup of Chinese marks, in ‘The New and Revised Handbook of Marks on Chinese Ceramics’ by Gerald Davison, 2010, almost 3400 different marks are listed. Some are different combinations of reign marks but there are still over 3000 marks to cover the marks of all the Chinese Dynasties from the Shang 1600BCE to the Guangxu reign ending in 1908. A relatively small but important number of Republic marks are also included. There are, by definition, no reign marks in the Republic Period, so I queried, what constituted the ‘non-reign’ marks in the previous dynasties? From what I can glean, they were either hall marks (so were still produced in the Imperial kilns, if genuine), potters’ marks and painters’ marks, but by far the greatest number were commendation or aspirational marks, referring to “the destination or ownership of an object, or (to) carry a message of commendation or good wishes” (From Davison’s book). Some marks were used to commemorate a very special event, and some were simply date marks. However, the relative proportions of these categories of marks changed during the Republic with reign marks (nearly all, if not all, apocryphal – there is still some dispute over whether the Hongxian or Jurentang marks can be labelled as reign marks) still making up the bulk of marks, but with private kiln or company marks making up the large majority of the rest. Hallmarks and commendations were still reasonably common, but the commendations moved location from the base of the porcelains to the written inscriptions on the sides of the porcelains in the Late Qing and Republic eras. Below, I will list almost 400 different marks from this era, and I am sure there are many more.

So these Late Qing and Republic aged porcelains have another very important attribute. Many of the non-imperial derived patterns have inscriptions, usually in black enamel and which include some or all of the following elements: poem; artist’s name and/or seal; calligrapher’s name; cyclical date; commendation or other wishes; place of manufacture; owner or patron. This gives us an enormous amount of information not accessible from the porcelains of earlier eras. I emphasise this aspect because it actually allows us to build up a picture of artists and companies and ideas and patterns which is unconceivable for earlier porcelains. Added to this is the fact that some of the Republic Period artists are still alive, or their offspring are, and they have been able to outline their histories first hand.

Davison states that more Chinese ceramics are unmarked rather than marked, but this is definitely not the case during the Republic Period. Very very few pieces are unmarked. The original reason for this may have been the requirement for place of origin to be shown on all imported items to the USA after 1891, but there must be other reasons as well, including the fact that there were so many new private companies itching to advertise their presence.

Because I have decided to include artist’s marks, the period covered by this overview will now stretch back into the later part of the Qing dynasty, into the Guangxu period, so as to capture the marks, seals and relevant inscriptions (dates) of the Qianjiang painters and their like. The hallmarks of the Republic period are for the most part reissues of older hall marks from the earlier Qing reigns, but with a few that were new to the Republic, such as Ju Ren Tang Zhi and Zhao De Tang Zhi.

I have tried very hard to get these marks translated correctly, both from members on the Gotheborg Discussion Board when I or others posted items for translation and also by hiring a couple of young Chinese translators here in Sydney. However, some of the translations may be incorrect or incomplete and I invite anyone to offer alternatives or corrections wherever possible.

As you will see below, by far the most common mark colour is overglaze iron red. This is partly because my collecting habits lie with the enamelled wares of this period rather than blue & white or monochromes. However, in this period, overwhelmingly more enamelled pieces were made compared to blue & white or monochromes, especially when compared to previous eras. This is mainly a result of the upheaval of the times and the breakdown of dynastic rule and control of the imperial kilns etc, but also because most of the artists of the time actually desired and preferred to work in this style. So the main colour was overglaze iron red, but there were several types of red – that is a discussion in itself. There was also a range of blues in the overglaze, enamelled blue marks, from royal blue to teal blue and grey blue. And so too the underglaze blue marks.

Although there are many fine examples of handwritten marks in this Late Qing and Republic period, most marks are stamped. There is no doubt a lot more to discuss regarding this aspect as well……

So, to the perennial problem, how to categorise the marks? How to divide them up?

Let’s see? A typical mark might comprise the place name first (e.g. Jiangxi, Jingdezhen, Jiujiang, Nanchang, Shanghai), then the Company or Shop name (e.g. Qing Hua, Guang Hua, Xin Zhong Hua, Da Xing etc) or Artist’s name (e.g. Chan Yu Chen, Guo Xie Cheng, Yong Xing Chang, Li Hua Chang etc) second and then the ‘designation’ (e.g. Gongsi, Ming Ci, Chu Pin, Zhen Pin, Zao). Some or all of these elements are typically present in a private kiln mark. So 6-7 characters are the norm. In some cases the place name is left off, as can be the ‘designation’.  A single company may have several different ways of hand writing its mark and many different mark stamps would have been used over time as well. The same range can apply to marks with an artist’s name.

Hallmarks tend to be simpler and usually comprise just 4 characters, often involving Tang and Zhi, and often revisiting and reusing hall marks from the earlier Qing reigns. It is really interesting to note how the Chinese translate the Republic Period hallmarks. In the translations of several chinese language books on Chinese ceramics hallmarks such as Ju Ren Tang Zhi or Da De Tang Zhi are variously translated as Made in Ju Ren Tang (when the chinese pinyin is usually translated into English) or Ju Ren Tang Shop, Da De Tang Shop. This is to suggest that the Chinese writers do not consider these marks to be real hallmarks as in the past, but the equivalent of shop marks. It would be very interesting to know about this in more detail.

Then the next question is in what order do I list the marks? Alphabetical is the obvious solution, but this will emphasise the place names as these are usually put first. However, this is the simplest and most direct method and I have done that here.

I have decided not to show images of the pieces, just the marks. The main reason is so as not to provide a library for fakesters and copyists to use. However, I would love to share these images with you because they tell a very interesting story – so if anyone wants me to show the corresponding image for a particular mark just let me know and I will post it.

A few basics about the designations (the parts of the mark, usually at the end or in the middle, which pertain to the type of organisation or person involved with the manufacture):

  • ‘Ming Ci’ means ‘famous’ or ‘name-brand’ porcelain
  • ‘Pin’ means  Product
  • ‘Zhen Pin’ means Precious Product
  • ‘Chu Pin’ means Product, with the “chu” referring to an item that is released to the world
  • ‘Zhi’ means Made in or by, has the connotation of “fabricated by”
  • ‘Gong Si’ or ‘Gongsi’  means Company in the legal sense – ‘Youxian Gongsi’ means Ltd. or Inc. and can sometimes be shortened just to ‘You’
  • ‘Cang’ means Collection of
  • ‘Zao’ means made by or in, tends to have the connotation of “manufactured by” in addition to “made”
  • ‘Xie’ , “to write”, written by?
  • Zi zao means made on the premises
  • ‘Shi’ = family, also clan, most often referring to someone’s surname
  • ‘Hua’ means painted by
  • ‘Hui’ means painted by as well, but may have subtle difference in meaning?
  • ‘Zuo’ means ‘Made by’
  • ‘Zhai’ or  ‘Zhai Zhi’ refers to Studio of

Please add any others or correct or refine those above (thank you  to D. Lane for the corrections!).

I do not read Chinese, so some of the translations into pinyin below may, when translated, be very obviously NOT a company or artist name and may be a simple commendation or other subject. I would appreciate any corrections. Thanks.

LATE QING & REPUBLIC MARKS (all are base marks unless noted, the numbers are my own file designations):

Ai Sheng_18_43 Ai Sheng_18_43, From the workshop of Wu Aisheng, artist, dating 1910-1926, Innovations and Creations book

Bai Shi Qi Chang_12_15 Bai Shi Qi Chang_12_15, Commendation mark meaning ‘Prosperity for hundreds of Generations’

Bao Long Chu Pin_01_11 Bao Long Chu Pin_01_11, Bao Long is a company name, so Product of Bao Long

Bao Long Chu Pin_25_21 Bao Long Chu Pin_25_21, product of Bao Long

Bao Sheng Chang Hao_20_14 Bao Sheng Chang Hao_20_14, painted by Bao Sheng Chang

Bao Yong Xuan Yong_3_33 Bao Yong Xuan Yong_3_33, No info, looks like a commendation of some type?

Bi Xi_18_48  Bi Xi_18_48 Bi Xi_18_48, Studio mark of Duan Bilan, means een Jade Stream 1912-1925, Simon Kwan. Davison’s marks book notes that this seal mark was used by Wang Qi

Bi Yun Xuan Zhi_18_80 Bi Yun Xuan Zhi_18_80, ‘Made for the Treasure of Azure Clouds’, from the Great Fortune book

Bing Rong Sheng Zao 1918_13_24 Bing Rong Sheng Zao 1918_13_24, Made by Bing Rong Sheng. This is probably the company name because the inscription indicates that this was painted by Song Lin Xuan in the Wu Wu year, 1918  Bing Rong Sheng Zao 1918_13_24i_Song Lin Xuan

Cai Bo Sen Zhi_28_18  Cai Bo Sen Zhi_28_18, made for or by Cai Bo Sen. This example and the ‘Cai Yan Cheng’ example just below are from the same maker, and are millefleur small lidded serving bowls

Cai Hua Tang Zhi_4_05 Cai Hua Tang Zhi_4_05, ‘Hall of Brilliant Splendour’ – Qianlong & Jiaqing hallmark but on a Republic period example

Cai Yan Cheng Zhi_27_43  Cai Yan Cheng Zhi_27_43, made for or by Cai Yan Cheng, see ‘Cai Bo Sen’ above

Cao Kun Chang Zao_14_13 Cao Kun Chang Zao_14_13, Made by Cao Kun Chang, company or artist

Chang Jiang Ci She Chu Pin_01_3 Changjiang Ci She Chu Pin_01_3, Changjiang Porcelain Association. Chang Jiang is the river which flows through Jingdezhen, and probably aslo a place in Jingdezhen?

Chang Jiang Cui Yun Xuan Hua 1919_3_34 Changjiang Cui Yun Xuan Hua 1919_3_34,  Drawn in the “Green Cloud Balcony” of Changjiang. Date of 1919 in the inscription, Chang Jiang is the river which flows through Jingdezhen.

Chao Ding Chang Zao 1918_13_25  Chao Ding Chang Zao 1918_13_25, Made by Chao Ding Chang?  From the inscription, In the Wu Wu year, 1918  Chao Ding Chang Zao 1918_13_25i

Chen Fa Xin Zao_20_44 Chen Fa Xin Zao_20_44, made by Chen Fa Xin

Chen Fu Xing Zao_10_27 Chen Fu Xing Zao_10_27, Inscription reads  ‘Jiangxi Chen Fu Xing Xie’,  made by Chen Fu Xing   Chen Fu Xing Zao_10_27_Jiangxi Chen Fu Xing Xie_i

Chen Wan Ren Zeng_5_39 Chen Wan Ren Zeng_5_39, Chen Wan Ren is probably the name of the buyer or patron of these wares, then given by him as a present, and to show his wealth to the recipients.

Chen Wan Ren Zeng_5_40 Chen Wan Ren Zeng_5_40, Chen Wan Ren is probably the name of the buyer or patron of these wares, then given by him as a present, and to show his wealth to the recipients.

Chen Yong Tai Zao 1915_14_56 Chen Yong Tai Zao 1915_14_56, Made by Chen Yong Tai, the artist, and from the inscription, Chen Yong Tai Zao 1915_14_56i made at Chang Jiang in the Yi Mao year, 1915

Chen You Fa Zao_26_53  Chen You Fa Zao_26_53, made by Chen You Fa

Cheng Guang Hua Xuan_21_12 Cheng Guang Hua Xuan_21_12 

Cheng Long Wan Pin 1924_14_07 Cheng Long Wan Pin 1924_14_07, Cheng Long Wan Pin 1924_14_07iCheng Long Wan Pin means “Successful Grand Joyful Product”. Inscription reads in part “Jia Zi Zhi Xia Yue Huang ? ?” = Summer 1924

Chu He Ciye Gongsi_5_38 Chu He Ciye Gongsi_5_38,  Chu He Porcelain Company

Chung Hua Ming Kuo_5_11 Chung Hua Ming Kuo_5_11, No info

Da De Tang Zhi_18_14 Da De Tang Zhi_18_14, from the Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain book, which translates this seeming hallmark as ‘Dadetang Shop’, held in the Pingxiang City Museum

Da Ri Qiu Lu Zhai Zao_07_08 Da Ri Qiu Lu Zhai Zao_07_08, No info, made by Da Ri Qiu Lu Zhai or is this a commendation?

Da Xin Zhen Pin_5_28 Da Xin Zhen Pin_5_28, Product of Da Xin company

Da Xin Zhen Pin_13_04 Da Xin Zhen Pin_13_04, Product of Da Xin company

Da Ya Qi_29_22 Da Ya Qi_29_22

Dai Heng Feng Zao_15_23 Dai Heng Feng Zao_15_23, Made by Dai Heng Feng company, and from the inscription  Dai Heng Feng Zao_15_23i the artist appears to be Bai ?

Dai Yue Sheng Zao 1907_14_50 Dai Yu Sheng Zao 1907_14_50, Made by the artist Dai Yu Sheng in the Ding Wei year 1907, from the inscription Dai Yue Sheng Zao 1907_14_50i

De Hua Mei Xing Chu Pin 1938_25_36 De Hua Mei Xing Chu Pin 1938_25_36, with an inscription which places the piece in the 26th year of the Republic, i.e. 1938

De Ji Zhen Pin_23_49  De Ji Zhen Pin_23_49

De Ji Zhen Pin 1933_24_29 De Ji Zhen Pin 1933_24_29, with a Gui You, 1933, date in the inscription. Possible artist Zou Wen Hou

De Long Zhen Pin_4_15  De Long Zhen Pin_4_15, Product of De Long company

De Long Zhen Pin_4_16De Long Zhen Pin_4_16, Product of De Long company

Deng Yin_12_10 Deng Yin_12_10, No info, presumably Deng Yin artist or studio name

Deng Yin_12_11 Deng Yin_12_11, No info, presumably Deng Yin artist or studio name

Deng Yin_12_11is Deng Yin_12_11is, This is a seal mark on the front of the plate above

Du Jiu Shan Bei_10_13 Du Jiu Shan Bei_10_13, Translated as ‘Gamble, Wine, Portion, Cup’ – on a small gambling cup! This has been discussed on the Gotheborg Discussion Board

Dun Ben Tang Zhi_28_56 Dun Ben Tang Zhi_28_56, Hall of Fundamental Honesty, a Daoguang period hallmark originally, but this example is Guangxu or Republic period

Dun Hou Tang Zhi_22_21 Dun Hou Tang Zhi_22_21, Hall of Honesty and Generosity, a Daoguang hallmark, the examples might be of the period or later Qing

Duo Fu Duo Shou Tang Zhi_5_32 Duo Fu Duo Shou Tang Zhi_5_32, ‘Made for the Hall of Abundant Happiness and Long Life’ – a Daoguang hallmark, but this is probably Republic in age.

En Shou Tang Zhi_3_29 En Shou Tang Zhi_3_29, A hallmark, not in Davison’s book so possibly Republic, but shape and decoration do look mid-late C19th.

Fang Ping Tai Hao 1916_14_58 Fang Ping Tai Hao 1916_14_58, Painted by Fang Ping Tao in 1916  Fang Ping Tai Hao 1916_14_58i

Feng Peng Yuan Tang_11_21 Feng Peng Yuan Tang_11_21, untranslated Hall or commendation mark (might be artist/company name?) but Republic

Feng Yu Chu Pin_13_01 Feng Yu Chu Pin_13_01, Product of Feng Yu company or artist

Fu Cheng Yong Zao_28_09 Fu Cheng Yong Zao_28_09, made by Fu Cheng Yong

Fu Shou Yong Chang_11_17 Fu Shou Yong Chang_11_17, Good Fortune and ?, commendation mark?

Fuliang Tao Zhi 1939_5_01 (1) Fuliang Tao Zhi 1939_5_01, According to S.Kwan this is a factory mark. Jingdezhen is in the county of Fuliang which is in the Province of Jiangxi.

Fu Xing Chang Zao 1923_16_23 Fu Xing Chang Zao 1923_16_23, Made by Fu Xing Chang, artist, confirmed in the inscription and dated to the Gui Hai year, 1923  Fu Xing Chang Zao 1923_16_2316_23i

Gao Bo Sheng Hao 1896_14_38 Gao Bo Sheng Hao 1896_14_38 Gao Heng Sheng Zao 1902_14_43i

Gao Bo Sheng Hao 1896_14_38_Xiao Shan Zuo _i  Painted by Gao Bo Sheng, made by Xiao Shan, or other way around? Is this the same Gao Bo Sheng who became the Superintendant of Jingdezhen under the rule of Yuan Shikai?

Gao Heng Sheng Zao 1902_14_43 Gao Heng Sheng Zao1902_14_43,  Made by Gao Heng Sheng and with the inscription Gao Heng Sheng Zao 1902_14_43i adding the date of 1902, Ren Yin.

Ge Se Lao X You Se Ke Zhen 1917_14_18 Ge Se Lao ? You Se Ke Zhen 1917_14_18, As translated by kh chan (Gotheborg Discussion Board) the mark is really like an advertisement “selling all kinds of old brands at a trusted price and quality”! Ge Se Lao X You Se Ke Zhen 1917_14_18i In the inscription a date of 1917.

Gong Qin Tang Zhi_07_20 Gong Qin Tang Zhi_07_20, ‘Hall of Diligence in Public Affairs’ – Daoguang Hallmark, but Republic era bowl.

Gong Xing Chang Hua_15_38 Gong Xing Chang Hua_15_38 Presumably a company or owner’s name, from a large dinner set of over 100 pieces.

Gu Huan_18_23 Gu Huan_18_23, Studio mark of Pan Taoyu, means Ancient Joy, Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain book, held in the Jingdezhen Ceramics Museum.

Gu Huan 1920_18_57 Gu Huan 1920_18_57, Studio mark of Pan Taoyu, means Ancient Joy, dated to 1920 in the inscription, S. Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book.

Gu Huan1925_18_37 (1) Gu Huan 1925_18_37, Studio mark of Pan Taoyu, means Ancient Joy, dated to 1925 in the inscription, Innovations and Creations book.

Gu Shi_18_25 Gu Shi_18_25, Studio name of Tian Hexian, means Ancient Stone, from Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain book, held in the Jiangxi Provincial Museum.

Gu Shi 1933_18_58 Gu Shi 1933_18_58, Studio name of Tian Hexian, means Ancient Stone, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dated to 1933 in the inscription.

Gu Yue Xuan Zhi_4_03 Gu Yue Xuan Zhi_4_03, “Made for the Pavillion of the Ancient Moon”, a Yongzheng and Qianlong Hall mark according to Davison, but in this case early C20th vases. This type of porcelain – the originals from the early Qing period – is said to be the model upon which the ‘imperial’ porcelain of the Hongxian reign (1916) were meant to be based.

Gu Yue Xuan Zhi_18_16  Gu Yue Xuan Zhi_18_16, see above but in this reference, the Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain, and held in the Jingdezhen Ceramic Museum, it is translated as Guyuexuan Shop!

Gu Yue Xuan_5_35 Gu Yue Xuan_5_35, A similar hallmark to the one above without the ‘zhi’, but of late Guangxu or Republic age.

Guan Yao Jian Zhi 1887_13_15 Guan Yao Jian Zhi 1887_13_15, Mark says “Made under supervision of the Imperial Kiln”. Inscription indicates that the vase was made in 1887, and is painted by Xu Pinheng. It is very likely that Xu Pinheng was one of the few employed by the Imperial kiln as a contract porcelain painter. This vase was discussed on the Gotheborg List.

Guan Yao Jian Zhi 1886_16_18 Guan Yao Jian Zhi 1886_16_18, See above. This inscription indicates that the artist was Xu Pin Heng, Guan Yao Jian Zhi 1886_16_18iwas painted in the Bing Xu year, 1886 at Chang Jiang, Ke Ci

Guan Yao Jian Zhi 1886_21_17  Guan Yao Jian Zhi 1886_21_17, Official Ware made, see above. The inscription gives a Bing Xu 1886 date

Guan Yao Nei Zao_08_02 Guan Yao Nei Zao_08_02, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, with the current hypothesis that this is the mark used for private use of the Imperial kiln when it was not filling orders for the Emperors. Examples show a range of quality. Late C19th-Early C20th period – the earliest dating is 1887 and the latest dating below is 1907.

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1891_13_12 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1891_13_12, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln – inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1891_13_12i alludes to a Yu Zhu Ming as artist made in 1891

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_13_14 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_13_14, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, signed Zhu Shao Quan in the inscription, and dated 1894

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1907_3_18 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1907_3_18, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, Ding Wei 1907 in the inscription

Guan Yao Nei Zao_3_28 Guan Yao Nei Zao_3_28, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln

Guan Yao Nei Zao_4_37 Guan Yao Nei Zao_4_37, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln

Guan Yao Nei Zao_5_14 Guan Yao Nei Zao_5_14, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln

Guan Yao Nei Zao_5_41 Guan Yao Nei Zao_5_41, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln

Guan Yao Nei Zao_13_10 Guan Yao Nei Zao_13_10, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_13_13 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_13_13, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1892 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_13_13i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1890_14_29 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1890_14_29, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1890 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1890_14_29i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_30 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_30, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1892 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_30i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_31 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_31, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1892 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_31i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_32 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_32, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1892 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_32i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_33 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_33, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_33i Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_33ia 1893 in the inscriptions

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_34 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_34, Made in the Government

(Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1893 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_34i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_35 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_35, Made in the Government

(Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1893 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_35i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_14_36 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_14_36, Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_14_36_Lei Guang Heng_iMade in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, signed by Lei Guang Heng in the inscription, dated to 1894

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_14_37 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_14_37, Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_14_37_Mei Chun Mao_iMade in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, signed by Mei Chun Mao and dated 1894 in the inscription

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1896_14_39 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1896_14_39, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1896 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1896_14_39i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1899_14_41 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1899_14_41, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1899 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1899_14_41i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1902_14_44 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1902_14_44, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1902 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1902_14_44i

Guan Yao Nei Zao  1898_16_20 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1898_16_20, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1898 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao  1898_16_20i

Guan Yao Nei Zao  1887_16_26 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1887_16_26, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated Ding Hai, 1887 in the inscription,  Guan Yao Nei Zao  1887_16_26ipainted by Xiang Shan/Yu Huan Wen (different names for the same person) at Zhu Shan, Xi Xuan. Yu Huanwen is a known Guangxu period artist

Guang Fu Chang Xuan_28_21 Guang Fu Chang Xuan_28_21, made by Guang Fu Chang company 

 

Guang Xu Guan Yao_12_13 Guang Xu Guan Yao_12_13, Guangxu Imperial Kiln

Guangxu Ding Hai Nian Zhi 1887_22_57 Guang Xu Ding Hai Nian Zhi 1887_22_57, a very uncommon type of mark where the date, Ding Hai 1887, is actually within the base mark

Guang Ya Ci She Chu Pin_23_01 Guang Ya Ci She Chu Pin_23_01, this may be related to the Jiangxi Guang Ya company or Jiangxi Brilliant Asia Company (1920-1935), possibly a later mark near to the time of its closure in 1935

Guangxu Nian Qingyun Zhi 1898_14_40 Guangxu Nian Qingyun Zhi 1898_14_40, This is an unusual mix of a period mark (Guangxu) with an artist (Ma Qingyun), and dated 1898 in the inscription  Guangxu Nian Qingyun Zhi 1898_14_40_Ma Qingyun_i

Gui Bi_06_03 Gui Bi_06_03, Base mark is shown – Artist’s name Gui Bi or seal?

Guo Hua Mei Shu Ci Dian_16_44_2 Guo Hua Mei Shu Ci Dian_16_44, Not sure of the meaning of this mark, whether it has some quasi-government association, or just the name of a company/factory

Guo Huo Zhi Guang_26_38 Guo Huo Zhi Guang_26_38, meaning ‘the pride of national production’, this mark on the base of a tea bowl whose lid has a mark ‘Jiangxi Wang Long Tai Zao’

Guo Xie Cheng Tang_15_19  Guo Xie Cheng Tang_15_19, Not sure what the Tang means here. All these ‘Guo Xie Cheng’ marked pieces are dragon and phoenix pattern with a multi-coloured key fret.

Guo Xie Cheng Tang_15_20 Guo Xie Cheng Tang_15_20, See above

Guo Xie Cheng Zhi_3_22 Guo Xie Cheng Zhi_3_22, Made by Guo Xie Cheng, artist or company

Han Qing 1933_14_62 Han Qing 1933_14_62, Han Qing 1933_14_62i Han Qing is the name mark for artist Yu Hanqing, dated 1933 in the inscription

Han Qing 1941_18_73 Han Qing 1941_18_73, name mark of Yu Hanqing, dated to 1941 in the inscription, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book

Hankou Zhu Shan Chu Pin_16_39 Hankou Zhu Shan Chu Pin_16_39, Made In Hankou, but relationship to Zhushan (Pearl Hill – site of the Imperial kiln in Jingdezhen) is unknown at this stage. The calligrapher of this mark also wrote marks for Nanchang, Jiujiang and Jiangxi companies, many of which were decorated with dragon and phoenix pattern, as this one is. See similar example below

Hankou Zhu Shan Zhen Pin_1_28 Hankou Zhu Shan Zhen Pin_1_28, Made In Hankou, but relationship to Zhushan (Pearl Hill – site of the Imperial kiln in Jingdezhen) is unknown at this stage. The calligrapher of this mark also wrote marks for Nanchang, Jiujiang and Jiangxi companies, many of which were decorated with dragon and phoenix pattern, as this one is.

He Cheng Chang_3_32 He Cheng Chang_3_32, ‘He Chen Chang’ is a porcelain company’s name in Chao Zhou(潮州)City, Guangdong Province

Heng Li Chu Pin_01_9 Heng Li Chu Pin_01_9, Product of Heng Li Company or artist, 2 examples (see below) both millefleur pattern.

Heng Li Chu Pin_01_10 Heng Li Chu Pin_01_10, Heng Li Company or artist

Heng Shen Ji Zhi_10_11 Heng Shen Ji Zhi_10_11, Also has a stamped ‘MADE IN CHINA’ mark, Heng Sheng Ji company or artist.

Heng Xin Chu Pin_11_10 Heng Xin Chu Pin_11_10, Product of Heng Xin company or artist, all 3 examples (see below) are of the millefleur pattern. Or does Heng have a special meaning?

Heng Xin Chu Pin_11_11 Heng Xin Chu Pin_11_11, This bowl was sold with another exactly the same, but the other had a stamped 6 character Qianlong kaishu mark in iron red.

Heng Xin Chu Pin_11_14 Heng Xin Chu Pin_11_14, Product of Heng Xin company or artist

Hou Yu Chu_20_24 Hou Yu Chu_20_24, with an inscription indicating that this was made by Shi Yu Chu at Yangshan

He De Chang Zao_07_12 Hu De Chang Zao_07_12, Made by Hu De Chang, company or artist

Hu X Weng Zao 1923_21_01 Hu ? Weng Zao 1923_21_01, the inscription giving a Gui Hai 1923 dating

Hu Yan Xing Hui_12_30 Hu Yan Xing Hui_12_30, Painted by Hu Yan Xing and the inscription says  Hu Yan Xing Hui_12_30i_Jiangxi Yan Xing Chu Pin ‘Jiangxi Yan Xing Chu Pin’ and also ‘Ren Jia Yi Bi Liu’ Hu Yan Xing Hui_12_30ia

Hu Yuan Xin Zao 1927_14_09 Hu Yuan Xin Zao 1927_14_09, This was discussed on the Gotheborg site, artist is Hu Hai Qing (from the inscriptions), company name is Hu Yuan Xin, and dated 1927 in the inscription Hu Yuan Xin Zao 1927_14_09i Hu Yuan Xin Zao 1927_14_09iaSee below for another interpretation

Wu Yuan Kum Zao 1921_14_27  Hu Yuan Xin Zao 1921_14_27, Made by Hu Yuan Xin in the year of Xin You (1921)

Hu Yuan Xin Zao_16_01 Hu Yuan Xin Zao_16_01, Made by Hu Yuan Xin, a known early C20th artist according to the Canon of Ceramic Painting book,  with the inscription indicating that the company name is Yi Cheng Xuan and that the decoration is in imitation of Liu Ru’s works.Hu Yuan Xin Zao_16_01i So this information is in contradiction of the example above

Hu Yuan Xin Zao_16_28 Hu Yuan Xin Zao_16_28, Hu Yuan Xin Zao_16_28i The inscription on this example shows that the artist’s name is Hu Hai Qing, a known Guangxu period artist. The 1927 dating from the two examples above shows that this artist was active for many years

Hu Yuan Xing Zao_15_16 Hu Yuan Xing Zao_15_16, Made by Hu Yuan Xing. Only the lid of this teabowl set has this mark. The mark on the bowl is a stamped red 4 character Tongzhi seal mark. This is not the same maker as Hu Yuan Xin, above

Hua Cha Gong Si Chu Pin_14_17 Hua Cha Gong Si Chu Pin_14_17, The Hua Cha and Ji Hua Cha company made tea caddies. Many tea caddies of the Republic period have one of these marks and often also have a red ‘CHINA’ mark. Others are either unmarked or have just the ‘CHINA’ mark. ”Hua” means China, ”Cha” means tea, ”Hua Cha” here is a name of a tea producing company in Shang Hai, but the porcelain is produced for it by a Jingdezhen porcelain company

Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_01_22  Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_01_22, See above

Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_01_8 Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_01_8, See Hua Cha company above for info

Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_1_20 Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_1_20, See Hua Cha company above for info

Hua Cha Gong Si Chu Pin_16_34 Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_16_34, See Hua Cha company above for info

Hua Chang Ci Ye Shang Dian_08_01 Hua Chang Ci Ye Shang Dian_08_01, No info, presumably a company name. Some other examples with this pattern have a Shanghai mark, so the pattern, which is new to the Republic in this form, may have originated here.

Hua Cui Ciye Gongsi_27_54 Hua Cui Ciye Gongsi_27_54, Hua Cui Company with the inscription indicating that this is a Shanghai company.

Hua Ji Chu Pin_10_20 Hua Ji Chu Pin_10_20, Hua Ji Chu Pin_10_20i The inscription reads ‘Jiangxi Hua Ji Chu Pin’ so presumably Hua Ji company or artist of Jiangxi

Hua Tai Ciye Gongsi_26_27 Hua Tai Ciye Gongsi_26_27, Hua Tai Company

Hua Zhen Hua Shi_16_03 Hua Zhen Hua Shi_16_03, Hua Zhen company? and from the inscription the artist is Luo Zhonglin, Hua Zhen Hua Shi_16_03i a known Republic period artist

Hua Zhen Chu Pin_15_01 Hua Zhen Chu Pin_15_01, Product of Hua Zhen company or artist

Huang Ji X Mao Xiang X 1920_14_22 Huang Ji ? Mao Xiang ? 1920_14_22,  No info on the mark, but the inscription says that Qing Chang was the artist and Zhu Shan, Rong Ci was

the place this was made, and dated 1920 Huang Ji X Mao Xiang X 1920_14_22i_Qing Chang

Huang Jin Gu Xuan_11_01 Huang Jin Gu Xuan_11_01, Huang Jin Gu Xuan_11_01_Jiangxi X Gu Xuan Chu Pin_i The inscription reads ‘Jiangxi  ? Gu Xuan Chu Pin’  so the company or artist name of ? Gu Xuan? Or Huang Jin Gu?

Huang Xin Xing Hao_16_14 Huang Xin Xing Hao_16_14, Painted by Huang Xin Xing, with the inscription reading ‘Imitation of works from Yuan Dynasty’ Huang Xin Xing Hao_16_14i

Hui Tong Zhen Pin_19_26 Hui Tong Zhen Pin_19_26, precious product of Hui Tong

Hui Xie Hua Xuan_16_24 Hui Xie Hua Xuan_16_24, Painted by Xie Hua Huan?

 

Hunan Mofan Yaoye Gongchang_5_02 Hunan Mofan Yaoye Gongchang_5_02, This mark from Simon Kwan’s book, dated 1921. Hunan Province factory name, innovative use of enamels directly on the biscuit.

Ji Chang Jian Zh_28_22 Ji Chang Jian Zhi_28_22, made by Ji Chang Company

Ji De Tang Zhi_06_22 Ji De Tang Zhi_06_22, This hallmark not in Davison’s book so possibly a new Republic hallmark, ’Hall of Primary Virtue’. This example is early C20th

Ji Xiang Ru Yi_09_22 Ji Xiang Ru Yi_09_22, ‘May your Good Fortune be as you wish’ – a Tongzhi commendation. This shape and pattern typically is Guangxu or Tongzhi mark & period.

Ji Xiang Ru Yi_29_05 Ji Xiang Ru Yi_29_05, a similar object to that above

Ji Zhen_06_08 Ji Zhen_06_08, Ji Zhen is a seal mark, this piece was discussed on the list, Ji Zhen_06_08i  Ji Zhen_06_08iaand translation of the inscription shows that decoration is ‘freehand painting by Wu Ji Zhen’

Jian Guo Gongsi1951_18_38 (1) Jian Guo Gongsi 1951_18_38, Signed in the inscription by Tian Hexian, base mark refers to the ‘Jiangxi Jian Guo Gongsi’ or Jiangxi Jianguo Ceramics Company. Dated to 1951 in the inscription, from Innovations and Creations book

Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_05_16 X Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_05_16, Thought at first this might be Jian Hua, but not …. the inscription may give more clues? Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_05_16i

Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_10_14 Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_10_14, Jian Hua Porcelain Company. This company was started in 1919 and was still in operation in 1930, in Shanghai

Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_10_15 Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_10_15, Jian Hua Porcelain Company, see above.Note that this is a stamped mark on a piece of equivalent quality to the handwritten mark pieces

Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_10_16 Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_10_16, Jian Hua Porcelain Company, see above

Jian Hua Ciye Gongsi_06_11 Jian Hua Ciye Gongsi_06_11, Jian Hua Porcelain Company, see above Jian Hua Ciye Gongsi_06_11i Inscription untranslated

Jian Hua Gongsi Chu Pin_25_48 Jian Hua Gongsi Chu Pin_25_48, Product of Jian Hua Company

Jian Yi Yuan Hao Chu Pin_01_18 Jian Yi Yuan Hao Chu Pin_01_18, Painted by Jian Yi Yuan

Jiang Fu Chang Hao_20_15 Jiang Fu Chang Hao_20_15, painted by Fu Chang

Jiang Li He Zao_21_37 Jiang Li He Zao_21_37, made by Li He

Jiang Ming Ci Chu Pin_15_32 Jiang Ming Ci Chu Pin_15_32, Unusual 5 character mark (unless the stamp was broken off with the ‘Xi’ character!)

Jiangxi _ _ Xing Chu Pin_01_14 Jiangxi  ?? Xing Chu Pin_01_14,  Untranslated, but probably a company name

Jiangxi _ Ci Gong Ren Sheng Chan Wu Chang Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi ? Ci Gong Ren Sheng Chan Wu Chang Chu Pin_1, Product of ? Ci Gong Ren Sheng Chan Wu Chang

Jiangxi _ De Ji Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi ? De Ji Chu Pin_1, Product of ? De Ji

Jiangxi Bing Xing Chu Pin_27_55 Jiangxi Bing Xing Chu Pin_27_55

Jiangxi Cao Hua Ji Chu Pin_24_69 Jiangxi Cao Hua Ji Chu Pin_24_69

Jiangxi Chen Hua Zhen Chu Pin_26_75 Jiangxi Chen Hua Zhen Chu Pin_26_75, made by Hua Zhen in the inscription

Jiangxi Chen Kuan Ji Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Chen Kuan(?) Ji Chu Pin_1, Product of Chen Kuan (?) Ji

Jiangxi Chen Sheng Fa Chu Pin_19_24  Jiangxi Chen Sheng Fa Chu Pin_19_24

Jiangxi Chen Yu Xing Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Chen Yu Xing Chu Pin_1, Product of Chen Yu Xing

Jiangxi Cheng Xing Fa Chu Pin_24_58 Jiangxi Cheng Xing Fa Chu Pin_24_58

Jiangxi Cheng Yu Ji Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Cheng Yu Ji Chu Pin_1, Product of Cheng Yu Ji

Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_40 Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_40, Generic mark for a large range of utilitarian and more refined porcelains made in Jiangxi province. ‘Chu Pin’ means sincere production

Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_41 Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_41, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_42 Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_42, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_43 Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_43, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_44 Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_44, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_45 Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_45, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_46 Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_46, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_4_31 Jiangxi Chu Pin_4_31, Generic mark, see above Jiangxi Chu Pin_4_31iThe inscription indicates that this item was made by Huang Jun Shun. There is a known Guangxu period artist called Huang Jushun, but this example is almost certainly Republic in age

Jiangxi Chu Pin_5_42 Jiangxi Chu Pin_5_42, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_12_19 Jiangxi Chu Pin_12_19, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_18_04 Jiangxi Chu Pin_18_04, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ci Chang Gongsi 1922_15_58 Jiangxi Ci Chang Gongsi 1922_15_58, Company name with the inscription giving the artist’s name as De Ming Jiangxi Ci Chang Gongsi 1922_15_58i and dated to the Ren Xu year, 1922

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi 1923_14_06 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi 1923_14_06, This is the mark for the Jiangxi Porcelain Company, a well-known company which took over much of the production which previously had been undertaken by the Imperial kilns. It was started in 1910 and continued production until at least the 1940s. Generally the quality of pieces with this mark is above average. I have taken out some of the marks which may be copies or fakes, but cannot guarantee that all the marks below are genuine, but I have tried!

This particular mark is an example of an overglaze blue Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi mark. Most of the overglaze blue marks of this company which I have seen are of this slightly dirty grey blue colour, very different in hue from the standard overglaze royal blue one sees on other Republic-aged pieces. Untranslated inscription Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi 1923_14_06i on this piece.

From the examples below it is obvious that only 2 or 3 calligraphers were writing the mark in the first 20 or 30 years at least. Both the underglaze blue and overglaze red marks show a similarity in style with a slight skew to the characters which reminds me of ‘left-hand’ writers of ‘English’ script. Some of the most special examples have the marks within a double underglaze blue circle (and the marks are underglaze blue also).

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_1 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_1   Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_2 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_2   Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_3 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_3   Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_4 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_4   Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_5 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_5   Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_6 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_6   Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_7 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_7  Jiangxi Porcelain Company, note the grey-blue enamelled mark

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_8 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_8  Jiangxi Porcelain Company. This lidded serving dish is dated in the inscription to the 36th year of the Chinese Republic (1912+35), meaning 1947. This writer of this more cursive mark I am rating therefore as a later calligrapher.

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_9 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_9  Jiangxi Porcelain Company. This is a rare stamped mark from this company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_10 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_10 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_11 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_11 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_12 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_12 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_14 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_14 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_15 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_15 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_16 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_16 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_17 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_17 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_18 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_18  Jiangxi Porcelain Company, note the grey-blue enamelled mark

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_19 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_19  Jiangxi Porcelain Company, note the grey-blue enamelled mark

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_20 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_20 Jiangxi Porcelain Company. This version of the mark may be a copy. It is very stiff and contained. However, I have seen other examples which are similar.

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_21 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_21 Jiangxi Porcelain Company. This example also has a double blue circle.

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_22 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_22 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_23 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_23 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_24 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_24 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_25 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_25 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_27 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_27 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_28 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_28 Jiangxi Porcelain Company. This is another rarer stamped mark from this company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_29 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_29 Jiangxi Porcelain Company. A stamped mark on a fairly ordinary utilitarian piece.

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_30 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_30 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_31 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_31 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_32 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_32 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_33 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_33 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_34 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_34 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_35 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_35 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_38 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_38 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_39 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_39 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_12 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_12 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_13 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_13 Jiangxi Porcelain Company. Another stamped mark, but on a delightful bird and flower decorated pot, signed  Xiao Yu.

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_14 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_14 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_15 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_15 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_16 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_16 Jiangxi Porcelain Company. Another stamped mark, but on a grasshopper and flower decorated bowl, dated 1941, signed Ni Longguang.

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_23 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_23 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_24 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_24 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_25 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_25 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_26 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_26 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_12_25 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_12_25 Jiangxi Porcelain Company. This and the following bowl are dated by Bonhams to the 2nd quarter of the C20th, good provenance

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_12_26 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_12_26 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_17 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_17 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_18 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_18 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi 1918_15_36 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi 1918_15_36, Jiangxi Porcelain Company, with an inscription dating the teapot Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi 1918_15_36ito the Spring of Min Guo Year 7, 1918

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_15_42 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_15_42, Jiangxi Porcelain Company. These inscriptions have not yet been translated, anyone? Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_15_42i The first starts with Jiangxi Porcelain Company, but I can’t read the last three characters. The rest?Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_15_42ia

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_15_50 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_15_50, Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_16_40 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_16_40, Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_34 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_34, Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_88 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_88, Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_89 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_89, Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi Chu Pin_1, Product of the Jiangxi Porcelain Company, stamped circle mark from the 1940s

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi Jing Zhen_26_07 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi Jing Zhen_26_07, another Late Republic/early PRC example from the Jiangxi Porcelain Company in its dying days

Jiangxi Da Feng Chu Pin_09_01 Jiangxi Da Feng Chu Pin_09_01, Da Feng is company or artist’s name. Jiangxi Da Feng Chu Pin_09_01i Untranslated inscription.

Jiangxi Dong Fang Ci She_15_10 Jiangxi Dong Fang Ci She_15_10, Jiangxi Dong Fang Ci She_15_10iInscription reads Jiangxi He Ji Chu Pin. Not sure which is the artist which is the company or association – Dong Fang or He Ji?

Jiangxi Ding Yi Xing Chu Pin_15_02 Jiangxi Ding Yi Xing Chu Pin_15_02, Product of Ding Yi Xing company, with the front inscription indicating the piece Jiangxi Ding Yi Xing Chu Pin_15_02i  was made at Zhushan and painted by Yi Xing, who is a known Republic period artist

Jiangxi Du Xiao Lou Chu Pin_20_05 Jiangxi Du Xiao Lou Chu Pin_20_05

Jiangxi Duan Song Mao Zao_5_21 Jiangxi Duan Song Mao Zao_5_21, Duan Song Mao is a known Republic period artist

Jiangxi Fu Chang Chu Pin_23_07_2 Jiangxi Fu Chang Chu Pin_23_07_2

Jiangxi Fu Ren Shu Shi Chu Pin_25_32 Jiangxi Fu Ren Shu Shi Chu Pin_25_32

Jiangxi Gan Hua Gongsi_1_30 Jiangxi Gan Hua Gongsi_1_30, Gan Hua is the company’s name, note calligraphic style

Jiangxi Gong Chang Chu Pin_25_31 Jiangxi Gong Chang Chu Pin_25_31

Jiangxi Guan Yao Min Ci_09_24 Jiangxi Guan Yao Ming Ci_09_24, This may be a variant of the Guan Yao Nei Zao (Made in the Imperial Kiln) mark, underglaze blue scrolling lotus pattern

Jiangxi Guang Hua Gong Si_14_20 Jiangxi Guang Hua Gongsi_14_20, Guang Hua is the company’s name Jiangxi Guang Hua Gong Si_14_20i

Jiangxi Guang Hua Gongsi_1_32  Jiangxi Guang Hua Gongsi_1_32, Guang Hua is the company’s name

Jiangxi Guang Ya Gongsi_5_46 Jiangxi Guang Ya Gongsi_5_46, Jiangxi Brilliant Asia Company (1920-1935)

Jiangxi Guang Ya Gongsi_07_25 Jiangxi Guang Ya Gongsi_07_25, Jiangxi Brilliant Asia Company (1920-1935)

Jiangxi Guang Ya Gong Si_15_13 Jiangxi Guang Ya Gongsi_15_13, Jiangxi Brilliant Asia Company (1920-1935). Note the grey-blue enamelled mark

Jiangxi Guo Hua Zhen Pin_5_22 Jiangxi Guo Hua Zhen Pin_5_22, Precious Object of Jiangxi National Splendour – Guangxu, might be a company name or an aspirational name

Jiangxi Guo Long Sheng Chu Pin_27_64 Jiangxi Guo Long Sheng Chu Pin_27_64

Jiangxi He Xing Gongsi_26_51 Jiangxi He Xing Gongsi_26_51, Hexing Company

Jiangxi He Xing Gongsi 1936_27_42 Jiangxi He Xing Gongsi 1936_27_42, Hexing Company, dated in the inscription to the 24th year of the Republic, 1936

Jiangxi He Yi Chang Chu Pin_24_50 Jiangxi He Yi Chang Chu Pin_24_50

Jiangxi He Yi Ji Chu Pin_20_33 Jiangxi He Yi Ji Chu Pin_20_33

Jiangxi Hu Fu Ji Chu Pin_15_03 Jiangxi Hu Fu Ji Chu Pin_15_03, Product of Hu Fu Ji company or artist

Jiangxi Hu Fu Ji Chu Pin_20_37 Jiangxi Hu Fu Ji Chu Pin_20_37, as above

Jiangxi Hu Hua Chang Chu Pin_13_06 Jiangxi Hu Hua Chang Chu Pin_13_06, Hu Hua Chang is the artist’s name, see next example Jiangxi Hu Hua Chang Chu Pin_13_06i

Jiangxi Hu Hua Chang Zao_1_35 Jiangxi Hu Hua Chang Zao_1_35, Hu Hua Chang is a Republic period artist

Jiangxi Hu Mao Ji_20_28 Jiangxi Hu Mao Ji_20_28

Jiangxi Hu Sen Yuan Chu Pin_1  Jiangxi Hu Sen Yuan Chu Pin_1, Product of Hu Sen Yuan

Jiangxi Hu Xiang Tai Chu Pin_24_08  Jiangxi Hu Xiang Tai Chu Pin_24_08

Jiangxi Hu Yuan Tai Zao_24_15 Jiangxi Hu Yuan Tai Zao_24_15

Jiangxi Hu Zheng Fa Chu Pin_21_08 Jiangxi Hu Zheng Fa Chu Pin_21_08

Jiangxi Hua Cai Chu Pin_16_31 Jiangxi Hua Cai Chu Pin_16_31, Product of the Hua Cai company in Zhushan, Jiangxi Jiangxi Hua Cai Chu Pin_16_31i

Jiangxi Hua Chang Chu Pin_18_02 Jiangxi Hua Chang Chu Pin_18_02, Product of the Hua Chang Company

Jiangxi Hua Zhen Chu Pin_16_25 Jiangxi Hua Zhen Chu Pin_16_25, Product of the Hua Zhen company, with the inscription showing that Jiangxi Hua Zhen Chu Pin_16_25i the artist was Luo Zhonglin. See Hua Zhen Hua Shi_16_03 for a similar company mark with Luo Zhonglin also as artist

Jiangxi Hua Zhen Hua Shi Chu Pin_21_27 Jiangxi Hua Zhen Hua Shi Chu Pin_21_27, with an inscription “precious object made by Luo Zhonglin”.

Jiangxi Hua Zhen Hua Shi Chu Pin_24_40  Jiangxi Hua Zhen Hua Shi Chu Pin_24_40

Jiangxi Hua Zhen Hua Shi Chu Pin_26_12 Jiangxi Hua Zhen Hua Shi Chu Pin_26_12

Jiangxi Huang Jun X Chu Pin_20_38 Jiangxi Huang Jun ? Chu Pin_20_38

Jiangxi Huang Shun Fa Chu Pin_20_41 Jiangxi Huang Shun Fa Chu Pin_20_41

Jiangxi Ji Tai Chang Chu Pin_24_27 Jiangxi Ji Tai Chang Chu Pin_24_27

Jiangxi Jin Ji Zao Chu Pin_23_48 Jiangxi Jin Ji Zao Chu Pin_23_48

Jiangxi Jin Tang Ci She_1_34 Jiangxi Jin Tang Ci She_1_34, Company name, Jin Tang means Golden Hall

Jiangxi Jing Hua Bi Pin_25_14 Jiangxi Jing Hua Bi Pin_25_14

Jiangxi Jing Mei Gongsi_24_05 Jiangxi Jing Mei Gongsi_24_05, Jing Mei Company

Jiangxi Jing Mei Gongsi_24_10 Jiangxi Jing Mei Gongsi_24_10, Jing Mei Company

Jiangxi Jing Tao Gongsi_10_12 Jiangxi Jing Tao Gongsi_10_12, Jing Tao is probably the company name: the left part of inscription Jiangxi Jing Tao Gongsi_10_12_Jiangxi Xin Chang Chu Pin_i reads ‘Jiangxi Xin Chang Chu Pin’ indicating that the artist may be called Xin Chang

Jiangxi Jing Zhen Ming Xing Ci She 1950_06_19 Jiangxi Jing Zhen Ming Xing Ci She 1950_06_19,  Ming Xing may be the company name. Jiangxi Jing Zhen Ming Xing Ci She 1950_06_19i Jing Zhen is a shortening of Jingdezhen. According to Christies, the inscription indicates a dating to 1950

Jiangxi Jing Zhen Ming Xing Ci She_21_21 Jiangxi Jing Zhen Ming Xing Ci She_21_21

Jiangxi Jingdezhen Di Qi Gong Ye Cun Chu Pin_24_03 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Di Qi Gong Ye Cun Chu Pin_24_03

Jiangxi Jingdezhen Di Yi Ci (Chang) Chu Pin_25_05 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Di Yi Ci (Chang) Chu Pin_25_05

Jiangxi Jingdezhen Ming Ci_1_70 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Ming Ci_1_70, Generic name for one or more companies/factories in Jingdezhen. This mark appears to be a transitional or early one before wares similar to this one were stamped with factory circle marks during the 1950s and 1960s

Jiangxi Jingdezhen Min Ci_13 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Ming Ci_13, Generic name for one or more companies/factories in Jingdezhen. This mark has no factory number and the pattern is completely hand painted

Jiangxi Jingdezhen Min Ci_16 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Ming Ci_16, Generic name for one or more companies/factories in Jingdezhen. This mark has no factory number and the pattern is completely hand painted

Jiangxi Jingdezhen Ming Ci Nanchang Yuejin Shang Fang X_24_46 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Ming Ci Nanchang Yuejin Shang Fang ?_24_46

Jiangxi Jingdezhen Zao_1_36 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Zao_1_36, see above

Jiangxi Jingdezhen X Ming Ci_23_40 Jiangxi Jingdezhen ? Ming (1) Ci_23_40 

Jiangxi Li Chen Yong Fa Zao_25_47 Jiangxi Li Chen Yong Fa Zao_25_47

Jiangxi Li Fuchang Meishu Ci She_25_20 Jiangxi Li Fuchang Meishu Ci She_25_20, Li Fuchang Ceramic Painting Studio in Jiangxi

Jiangxi Li He Chu Pin_07_10 Jiangxi Li He Chu Pin_07_10, Jiangxi Li He Chu Pin_07_10_Jiangxi Huang Lihe Chupin_i Huang Li He is a known Republic period artist, the inscription reads ‘Jiangxi Huang Li He Chu Pin’

Jiangxi Li Ji Gongsi_1_31 Jiangxi Li Ji Gongsi_1_31, Jiangxi Li Ji Gongsi_1_31ia Ren(?) Li Ji or Li Ji is the company name, from the inscription ‘Jiangxi Ren(?) Li Ji Chu Pin’

Jiangxi Li Ji Gong Si 1920_15_12 Jiangxi Li Ji Gongsi 1920_15_12, Jiangxi Li Ji Gong Si 1920_15_12iMade by the Li Ji company, and from the inscription was made at Zhu Shan and possibly dated to the Geng Chen year, 1920

Jiangxi Li Sheng 1948_06_10 Jiangxi Li Sheng 1948_06_10, Li Sheng is the company or artist’s name, located in Jiujiang; the inscription  on the other side of this teapot gives a 1948 date and indicates that it was an engagement present to a named couple

Jiangxi Li Sheng_16_50 Jiangxi Li Sheng_16_50, Company/artist base mark and on the bottom of the inside of this bowl is the red mark shown: Jiangxi Li Sheng_16_50inside bowl_Yang San Fu Tangreading Yang San Fu Tang, apparently also a company name or commendation?

Jiangxi Ling Mei Cai Chu Pin 1953_20_06 Jiangxi Ling Mei Cai Chu Pin 1953_20_06, with a Gui Si, 1953, dating in the inscription

Jiangxi Ling Mei Cai Chu Pin 1947_20_07 Jiangxi Ling Mei Cai Chu Pin 1947_20_07, with a 1947 dating in the inscription

Jiangxi Liu He Ji Chu Pin_27_04 Jiangxi Liu He Ji Chu Pin_27_04

Jiangxi Liu Rong Sheng Chu Pin_01_2 Jiangxi Liu Rong Sheng Chu Pin_01_2, Company or artist’s name. Liu Rong Sheng was a famous Ming dynasty artist according to research by my translator, but she may have meant Qing!

Jiangxi Liu Rongsheng Chu Pin_24_25 Jiangxi Liu Rong Sheng Chu Pin_24_25

Jiangxi Liu Sheng He Chu Pin_1Jiangxi Liu Sheng He Chu Pin_1, Product of Liu Sheng He

Jiangxi Lize Xuan Chu Pin 1954_23_76 Jiangxi Lize Xuan Chu Pin 1954_23_76, an early PRC example from the reincarnation of this company (Lize Xuan, originally owned by Liang Duishi until his death in 1937, reopened after the war c. 1946 by Liang’s son)

Jiangxi Lize Xuan Zao_25_10 Jiangxi Lize Xuan Zao_25_10

Jiangxi Mei Shu Ci Chang_09_02 Jiangxi Mei Shu Ci Chang_09_02, Jiangxi Art Porcelain Company, from the inscription  Jiangxi Mei Shu Ci Chang_09_02i   made by Nie Xing Sheng, dated circa 1945

Jiangxi Mi Long Fa Chu Pin_5_23 Jiangxi Mi Long Fa Chu Pin_5_23, Company or Artist’s name of Mi Long Fa

Jiangxi Min Zheng Xing Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Min Zheng Xing Chu Pin_1, Product of Min Zheng Xing, owner. This mark was used by Mr. Min Zheng Xing (name) in his porcelain shop in Nanchang, Jiangxi province. At this time the Wa Lee Factory was still in Nanchang. In 1947 the Wa Lee Factory moved to Canton “near the end of the Yi De Road” and in 1949 moved on to Hong Kong. Meanwhile Min Zheng Xing remained in Jiangxi. Around 1951 to 1952 Min Zheng Xing “who also was an accomplished porcelain painter” travelled to HK once, trying to sell his Nanchang factory porcelains. Mr. Kung “treated him and took him around, but with little success since the times were difficult in HK too”. (Source: Simon Ng interview w Mr Kung, HK 2001, from the Gotheborg.com Marks list)

Jiangxi Min Zheng Xing Chu Pin_2  Jiangxi Min Zheng Xing Chu Pin _2, Product of Min Zheng Xing, owner, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_47 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_47, Generic mark for a large range of utilitarian as well as more refined porcelains made in Jiangxi province. ‘Ming Ci’ means reputable porcelain

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_48 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_48, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_49 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_49, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_50 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_50, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_51 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_51, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_52 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_52, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_53 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_53, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_55 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_55, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_56 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_56, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_57 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_57, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_58 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_58, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_59 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_59, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_60 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_60, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_61 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_61, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_62 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_62, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_63 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_63, see above Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_63iThis example also has a company name – Jiangxi Yong ? Chu Pin

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_68 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_68, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_69 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_69, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_71 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_71, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_10_19 Jiangxi Ming Ci _10_19,  See bove,  Jiangxi Ming Ci_10_19_Jiangxi Lian Xi Zuo_i  The inscription reads ‘Jiangxi Lian Xi  Zuo’, so made by Lian Xi?  Lian Xi is the maker on the example ‘Lian Xi Tao Hui_08_03’ further down this list

Jiangxi Ming Ci_11_18 Jiangxi Ming Ci _11_18, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_14_19 Jiangxi Ming Ci _14_19, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_18_05 Jiangxi Ming Ci _18_05, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_14_24 Jiangxi Ming Ci _14_24, See above, Jiangxi Ming Ci_14_24iA different form of the Jiangxi Ming Ci mark. Inscription reads Zhong Guo (China) ? Chu Pin

Jiangxi Ming Ci_2 Jiangxi Ming Ci_2,  See above. A different form of the Jiangxi

Ming Ci mark

Jiangxi Ming Ci Jiu Feng Jian Zhi_20_39  Jiangxi Ming Ci Jiu Feng Jian Zhi_20_39

Jiangxi Ming Ci Yu De Chang Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Ming Ci Yu De Chang Chu Pin_1, Reputable product of Yu De Chang

Jiangxi Niu Fu Shun Zao_19_09 Jiangxi Niu Fu Shun Zao_19_09

Jiangxi Rao Hua Feng Zao_09_13 Jiangxi Rao Hua Feng Zao_09_13, Company or artist’s name of Rao Hua Feng, although there is a similarly named company with a similar calligrapher, see Jing Zhen Hua Feng Gongsi_03_01

Jiangxi Rong Ji Chu Pin_6_01 Jiangxi Rong Ji Chu Pin_6_01, Jiangxi Rong Ji Chu Pin_6_01iInscription seems to read Jiangxi ? Rong Ji Chu Pin, Artist’s or company name

Jiangxi San Yi He Chu Pin_20_13 Jiangxi San Yi He Chu Pin_20_13

Jiangxi She Xing Hua Chu Pin_5_20 Jiangxi She Xing Hua Chu Pin_5_20, Jiangxi She Xing Hua Chu Pin_5_20iInscription seems to bear the same characters. Artist’s or company name is She Xing Hua or just Xing Hua; Xing Hua is  company based in Nanchang, see also Xing Hua 01_07 and Jiangxi Xing Hua Gong Si_09_11

Jiangxi Sheng Fa Yang Zao_1_37 Jiangxi Sheng Fa Yang Zao_1_37, Artist’s or company name is Sheng Fa Yang

Jiangxi Shui Feng Zhen Pin_4_19 Jiangxi Shui Feng Zhen Pin_4_19, Shui Feng is the artist or a company name

Jiangxi Sheng Hua Tai Chu Pin_i_15_52ia Jiangxi Sheng Hua Tai Chu Pin_15_52, No mark but the inscription indicates that the artist’s name is Sheng Hua Tai

Jiangxi Tao Chang Chu Pin_06_18 Jiangxi Tao Chang Chu Pin_06_18, Tao Chang is the artist or a company name

Jiangxi Tao Chang Ci She_25_34 Jiangxi Tao Chang Ci She_25_34

Jiangxi Tao Xiao Chu Pin_25_16 Jiangxi Tao Xiao Chu Pin_25_16

Jiangxi Tao Yu Shan Fang_15_44 Jiangxi Tao Yu Shan Fang_15_44, Name of artist or company

Jiangxi Tong Fa Gongsi Chu Pin 1934_26_34 Jiangxi Tong Fa Gongsi Chu Pin 1934_26_34, Tong Fa Company and dated to December 1934 in the inscription 

Jiangxi Tu Rong Shun Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Tu Rong Shun Chu Pin_1, Product of Tu Rong Shun

Jiangxi Wan Song Mao Zao_15_14 Jiangxi Wan Song Mao Zao_15_14, Made by Wan Song Mao. There is a Republic artist called Wan Songmao, but with a very different style to this piece  Jiangxi Wan Song Mao Zao_15_14i – could be from the same studio though. Inscription has not been translated

Jiangxi Wan Zhao Nian Chu Pin_29_12 Jiangxi Wan Zhao Nian Chu Pin_29_12

Jiangxi Wan Zhu Ting Chu Pin_i_16_19i Jiangxi Wan Zhu Ting Chu Pin_16_19, No mark, but the inscription shows that the artist or company was Wan Zhu Ting

Jiangxi Wang Long Tai Zao_26_38 Jiangxi Wang Long Tai Zao_26_38

Jiangxi Wen X Long Zhi_09_15 Jiangxi Wen ? Long Zhi_09_15, Made by Wen ? Long

Jiangxi Wu Mao Sheng_1 Jiangxi Wu Mao Sheng Chu Pin_1, Product of Wu Mao Sheng

Jiangxi Wu Mao Sheng Chu Pin_27_41 Jiangxi Wu Mao Sheng Chu Pin_27_41

Jiangxi Xia Yong Xing  Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Xia Yong Xing Chu Pin_1, Product of Xia Yong Xing

Jiangxi Xian Shi Yuan Chu Pin_01_13  Jiangxi Xian Shi Yuan Chu Pin_01_13, ‘Xian Shi’ usually refers to a company based in Shanghai, not Jiangxi. So, not sure about this mark, could be a different company or a Jiangxi based branch?

Jiangxi Xie Sheng Chang Zhen Pin_4_18 Jiangxi Xie Sheng Chang Zhen Pin_4_18, No info, underglaze blue mark with an imperial based scrolling lotus pattern, Xie Sheng Chang would be the artist or company name

Jiangxi Xie Xing Yi Chu Pin_11_02 Jiangxi Xie Xing Yi Chu Pin_11_02, Product of Xie Xing Yi. The inscription repeats the name Jiangxi Xie Xing Yi Chu Pin_11_02_Jiangxi Xie Xing Yi Zuo_i ‘Jiangxi Xie Xing Yi Zuo’, which translates to  ‘Product of the Jiangxi Alliance for Prosperity’

Jiangxi Xie Xing Yi Chu Pin_23_21 Jiangxi Xie Xing Yi Chu Pin_23_21, see above

Jiangxi Xin Da Xiang Ci Chu Pin_23_55 Jiangxi Xin Da Xiang Ci Chu Pin_23_55

Jiangxi Xin Hua Gong Si_09_11 Jiangxi Xin Hua Gong Si_09_11, The ‘Xin Hua’ company was located in Nanchang, the largest prefecture level city in Jiangxi province

Jiangxi Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_09_14 Jiangxi Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_09_14,  The Xin Zhong Hua shop was one of the largest in Nanchang. The mark calligrapher for this and other

similar Xin Zhong Hua examples has a very distinctive style. Jiangxi Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_09_14iUntranslated inscription.  See ‘Nanchang’ examples of the Xin Zhong Hua company below

Jiangxi Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_18_90 Jiangxi Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_18_90, see above, this from Zeng’s Collection book

Jiangxi Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_18_95 Jiangxi Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_18_95, see above, this one of several from Complete Collection of Jiangxi Province book, held in the Gao’an City Museum

Jiangxi Xing Chang Ci She Chu Pin_16_46 Jiangxi Xing Chang Ci She Chu Pin_16_46, Product of the Xing Chang company in Jiangxi

Jiangxi Xiong Qin Ji Chu Pin_20_09 Jiangxi Xiong Qin Ji Chu Pin_20_09

Jiangxi Xiong Qin Ji Chu Pin_23_22 Jiangxi Xiong Qin Ji Chu Pin_23_22

Jiangxi Xiong Zhongxing Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Xiong Zhongxing Chu Pin_1, Product of  Xiong

Zhongxing

Jiangxi Xu Chan Mao Chu Pin_29_30 Jiangxi Xu Chan Mao Chu Pin_29_30

Jiangxi Xu Fu Tai Chu Pin_20_19 Jiangxi Xu Fu Tai Chu Pin_20_19

Jiangxi Xu Fu Tai Chu Pin_20_30 Jiangxi Xu Fu Tai Chu Pin_20_30

Jiangxi Xu Heng Xing Zao_10_18 Jiangxi Xu Heng Xing Zao_10_18, No Info, Xu Heng Xing is the artist’s or company name

Jiangxi Xu Heng Xing Zao_20_12 Jiangxi Xu Heng Xing Zao_20_12

Jiangxi Xu Hong Xing Zao_13_07 Jiangxi Xu Hong Xing Zao_13_07,  No Info, Xu Hong Xing is the artist’s or company name. Only the internal cup of this lidded mug had this mark, the mug itself had a 6 character red kaishu Qianlong mark in the rare configuration of 3 columns each with 2 characters (like the mark shown here), compared to the common 2 columns each with 3 characters. This was discussed on the Gotheborg list

Jiangxi Xu Sheng Ji Ci She_09_10 Jiangxi Xu Sheng Ji Ci She_09_10,  Xu Sheng Ji is probably a company name

Jiangxi Xu Xing Long Chu Pin_26_77 Jiangxi Xu Xing Long Chu Pin_26_77

Jiangxi Yang Qing Shan Chu Pin_14_23 Jiangxi Yang Qing Shan Chu Pin_14_23,  Yang Qing Shan

company or artist, repeated in the inscription Jiangxi Yang Qing Shan Chu Pin_14_23i

Jiangxi Yang Zhen Shun Chu Pin_19_19 Jiangxi Yang Zhen Shun Chu Pin_19_19

Jiangxi Yao Qing Zhen Pin_1_33 Jiangxi Yao Qing Zhen Pin_1_33, Yao Qing is the artist’s or company’s name

Jiangxi Yi Cheng Gongsi_18_83 Jiangxi Yi Cheng Gongsi_18_83, Yi Cheng Company, discussed on Gotheborg

Jiangxi Yi Cheng Gongsi_22_42 Jiangxi Yi Cheng Gongsi_22_42, might not be ‘Yi’

Jiangxi Yi Cheng Gongsi_23_50 Jiangxi Yi Cheng Gongsi_23_50

Jiangxi Yi Shu X Hao Chu Pin 1925_24_47 Jiangxi Yi Shu ? Hao Chu Pin 1925_24_47, and dated to 1925 in the inscription

Jiangxi Yi Xing He Ci Hao_07_07 Jiangxi Yi Xing He Ci Hao_07_07,  Painted by Yi Xing He. Yi Xing is a known Republican artist, other mentions are a Yi Xing 1914 tea tray, Yi Xing Long 1909 vase, and Davison notes that ‘Yi Xing Chang Ji’: “Righteousness giving rise to Prosperity” is a business name

Jiangxi Yin Wan Fa Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Yin Wan Fa Chu Pin_1, Product of Yin Wan Fa

Jiangxi Ying Jun Ci She_5_26 Jiangxi Ying Jun Ci She_5_26, Crane & flower teapot made by Ying Jun company

Jiangxi Ying Jun Ci She_15_08 Jiangxi Ying Jun Ci She_15_08, Another teapot, with tiger, by Ying Jun company

Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin_1_39 Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin_1_39, Company name, see next three items

Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin_4_30 Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin_4_30 Company name

Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin_08_16 Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin_08_16, Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin_08_16i Company name of Ying Yue Xuan on base mark and the inscription

Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin 1927_16_22 Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin 1927_16_22, Ying Yue Xuan company in Jiangxi, Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin 1927_16_22i Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin 1927_16_22ia dated in the inscription to 1927

Jiangxi Ying Lian Xuan Pin 1923_23_39 Jiangxi Ying Lian Xuan Pin1923_23_39, with a Gui Hai 1923 date in the inscription

Jiangxi Ying Lian Xuan Pin_27_67 Jiangxi Ying Lian Xuan Pin_27_57

Jiangxi Yong An Gong Si_09_07 Jiangxi Yong An Gong Si_09_07,  This piece has a Jiangxi Porcelain Company (Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi) base mark and yet on the inscription there is a name of Yong An; see also Yong An Gong Si Jian_05_18

Jiangxi Yong An Xiang Ci_27_29  Jiangxi Yong An Xiang Ci_27_29, another Yong An company example

Jiangxi Yu Fu Tai Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Yu Fu Tai Chu Pin_1,  Product of Yu Fu Tai

Jiangxi Yu Fu Tai Chu Pin_19_22 Jiangxi Yu Fu Tai Chu Pin_19_22

Jiangxi Yu Jing Hua Xuan_11_09 Jiangxi Yu Jing Hua Xuan_11_09,  Company name of Yu Jing Hua Xuan, repeated in the inscription Jiangxi Yu Jing Hua Xuan_11_09i which has distinctive calligraphy

Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_23_08 Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_23_08. This company specialised in yellow or lime green ground wares with cartouche or windows with flower and/or bird decorations

Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_23_44 Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_23_44

Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_23_46 Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_23_46

Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_25_58 Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_25_58

Jiangxi Yu Qi Fa Chu Pin_11_20 Jiangxi Yu Qi Fa Chu Pin_11_20, Yu Qi Fa is shop/company name

Jiangxi Yu Shun Tai Chu Pin_20_34 Jiangxi Yu Shun Tai Chu Pin_20_34

Jiangxi Yu Xie Cheng Zao_25_50 Jiangxi Yu Xie Cheng Zao_25_50

Jiangxi Yu Xin Sheng Zhen Pin_27_50 Jiangxi Yu Xin Sheng Zhen Pin_27_50

Jiangxi Yu Xin Sheng Zhen Pin_27_51 Jiangxi Yu Xin Sheng Zhen Pin_27_51

Jiangxi Yu Yong Feng Chu Pin_01_19 Jiangxi Yu Yong Feng Chu Pin_01_19, Yu Yong Feng being the artist’s or company name

Jiangxi Yu Yuan Chang Hui_5_34 Jiangxi Yu Yuan Chang Hui_5_34, Yu Yuan Chang is a company name, see next example and also Yu Yuan Chang Zao 1916_13_20, which has no ‘Jiangxi’ prefix but has a date of 1916. Jiangxi Yu Yuan Chang Hui_5_34_Yu Yisheng_i On the inscription is the name Yu Yisheng

Jiangxi Yu Yuan Chang Zao_14_12 Jiangxi Yu Yuan Chang Zao_14_12, Yu Yuan Chang is a company name, see above. Jiangxi Yu Yuan Chang Zao_14_12i Untranslated inscription

Jiangxi Yu Yuan Shun Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Yu Yuan Shun Chu Pin_1, Product of Yu Yuan Shun

Jiangxi Yu Zhen Chang Chu Pin_20_36 Jiangxi Yu Zhen Chang Chu Pin_20_36

Jiangxi Yu X Ji Chu Pin_21_34 Jiangxi Yu ? Ji Chu Pin_21_34

Jiangxi Yuan _ _  Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi ? ? Yu De Chang Chu Pin_1, Product of  ?? Yu De Chang, can anyone translate these?

Jiangxi Yuan Ming Hua Chu Pin_20_08 Jiangxi Yuan Ming Hua Chu Pin_20_08

Jiangxi Yuan Ling X Chu Pin_18_79 Jiangxi Yuan Ling ? Chu Pin_18_79 

Jiangxi Yuan Sheng Sheng Chu Pin Jingdezhen_01_25 Jiangxi Yuan Sheng Sheng Chu Pin Jingdezhen_01_25, Presumably a Jingdezhen company name of Yuan Sheng Sheng. The pattern on this piece, coral ground and gold, is more common from Shanghai companies

Jiangxi Yuan Yu Hua Hui_09_09 Jiangxi Yuan Yu Hua Hui_09_09, Painted by Yuan Yu Hua?

Jiangxi Yuan X  Xing Chu Pin_20_42 Jiangxi Yu ? Ji Chu Pin_21_34

Jiangxi Yue Yong Fa Chu Pin_19_04 Jiangxi Yue Yong Fa Chu Pin_19_04

Jiangxi Zeng Yuan Xing Zao_1_38 Jiangxi Zeng Yuan Xing Zao_1_38, Made by the Zeng Yuan Xing Company

Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Chu Pin_10_24 Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Chu Pin_10_24, Most likely a company or artist name, Zhan Yong Xiang Xuan, repeated in the inscription ‘Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Xuan Chu Pin’, Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Chu Pin_10_24i see below for another example

Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Xuan Chu Pin_10_23 Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Xuan Chu Pin_10_23,  Most likely a

company or artist name Zhan Yong Xiang Xuan. Inscription Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Xuan Chu Pin_10_23i also reads ‘Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Xuan Chu Pin’

Jiangxi Zhang Rong Ji Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Zhang Rong Ji Chu Pin_1, Product of Zhang Rong Ji

Jiangxi Zhang Rong Ji Chu Pin_22_39 Jiangxi Zhang Rong Ji Chu Pin_22_39

Jiangxi Zhang Rong Ji Chu Pin_22_39_2 Jiangxi Zhang Rong Ji Chu Pin_22_39_2

Jiangxi Zhao Yi Shun Chu Pin_10_22 Jiangxi Zhao Yi Shun Chu Pin_10_22,  Zhao Yi Shun is the

artist’s or company name. Jiangxi Zhao Yi Shun Chu Pin_10_22i_Jiangxi Yi Shun Zuo_i Inscription reads ‘Jiangxi Yi Shun Zao’

Jiangxi Zhao Yi Shun Chu Pin_15_04 Jiangxi Zhao Yi Shun Chu Pin_15_04, Product of Zhao Yi Shun company or artist

Jiangxi Zhao Yi Shun Chu Pin_18_75 Jiangxi Zhao Yi Shun Chu Pin_18_75

Jiangxi Zhen Pin 1943_12_09 Jiangxi Zhen Pin 1943_12_09,  Jiangxi Zhen Pin is a generic mark for a range of both utilitarian and higher (artistic) quality porcelains, made in Jiangxi by a range of manufacturers, with a range of different calligraphers if handwritten or stamps if not. Zhen Pin means Precious Product. This piece dated in the inscription to the Gui Wei year, 1943 Jiangxi Zhen Pin 1943_12_09i

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_1_64 Jiangxi Zhen Pin_1_64, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_1_65 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _1_65, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_1_66 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _1_66, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_1_67 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _1_67, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_4_12 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _04_12, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_5_44 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _5_44, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_06_06 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _06_06, See Above, handwritten mark

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_10_10 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _10_10, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_10_21 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _10_21, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_12_17 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _12_17, See above. From the inscription, the artist or company could be Xiao Cao Xuan and perhaps more from the untranslated inscription after it Jiangxi Zhen Pin_12_17_Xiao Cao Xuan_i  Jiangxi Zhen Pin_12_17i

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_15_06 Jiangxi Zhen Pin_15_06, Jiangxi Zhen Pin_15_06i_Yan Fu Tai Inscription indicates that this piece was made in Suzhou by Yan Fu Tai company or artist

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_18_81 Jiangxi Zhen Pin_18_81, from the book, the Great Fortune, handwritten mark

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_18_82 Jiangxi Zhen Pin_18_82, from the book, the Great Fortune, handwritten mark

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_18_85 Jiangxi Zhen Pin_18_85, from the book, the Great Fortune, handwritten mark

Jiangxi Zhi Cheng Gongsi_1_29 Jiangxi Zhi Cheng Gongsi_1_29, Company name Zhi Cheng

Jiangxi Zhong Hua Chu Pin _1 Jiangxi  Zhong Hua Chu Pin  _1, Product of the Zhong Hua Company or Jiangxi New China. This could be related to the Nanchang company/shop Xin Zhong Hua

Jiangxi Zhou Long Tai Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Zhou Long Tai Chu Pin_1, Product of Zhou Long Tai

Jiangxi Zhou Yi Fa Jian Hao_1 Jiangxi Zhou Yi Fa Jian Hao_1

Jiangxi Zhu Bing Tai Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Zhu Bing Tai Chu Pin_1, Product of Zhu Bing Tai

Jiangxi Zhu Bing Tai Jin Ji_15_25 Jiangxi Zhu Bing Tai Jin Ji_15_25, Made by Zhu Bing Tai company

Jiangxi Zhu Jing Cheng Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Zhu Jing Cheng Chu Pin_1, Product of Zhu Jing Cheng 

Jiangxi Zhu Mei Tao Chu Pin_01_12 Jiangxi Zhu Mei Tao Chu Pin_01_12, Zhu Mei Tao is a company or artist’s name. It seems to have specialised in wares with He He boys decoration

Jiangxi Zhu Mei Tao Chu Pin_11_05 Jiangxi Zhu Mei Tao Chu Pin_11_05, Zhu Mei Tao is a company or artist’s name, see above

Jiangxi Zhu Mei Tao Chu Pin_21_18   Jiangxi Zhu Mei Tao Chu Pin_21_18, not He He boys decoration, so this company didn’t make just one pattern

Jiangxi Zhu Shan Zhen Pin_4_26 Jiangxi Zhu Shan Zhen Pin_4_26, Zhu Shan is the Chinese name for Pearl Hill which is located in Jingdezhen – it is the site of the old Imperial kilns and also the meeting place for the Eight friends of Zhu Shan during the early to mid Republic period

Jiangxi Zhushan Chu Pin_21_22 Jiangxi Zhu Shan Chu Pin_21_22

Jiangxi X Hua Chang Chu Pin_19_27 Jiangxi ? Hua Chang Chu Pin_19_27

Jiangxi X Liang Ciye_22_54 Jiangxi ? Liang Ciye_22_54

Jiangxi X Jing Yu Xuan Chu Pin_23_65 Jiangxi ? Jing Yu Xuan Chu Pin_23_65

 

Jie Zhu Zhu Ren Zuo_09_16 Jie Zhu Zhu Ren Zuo_09_16, translates to ‘The Master of Jie Zhu Made’ a collector’s mark which was first used in the Daoguang (1821-50) period. But this is a late Republic example

Jin Hua Mei Shu Ci Shi 1943_18_91 Jin Hua Mei Shu Ci Shi 1943_18_91, Jin Hua Arts Porcelain Workshop, dated to 1943 in the inscription, from Zeng’s Collection book. There is also a Jiujiang company named Jin Hua, see below

Jin Jian Tang Zhi_28_23 Jin Jian Tang Zhi_28_23

Jin Jiang Ci She Chu Pin_01_4 Jin Jiang Ci She Chu Pin_01_4, Jin Jiang Porcelain Company. Jin Jiang is a part of the city of Jingdezhen.

Jin Tang_11_33 Jin Tang_11_33, “Jin Tang” means Golden Hall, but is also the name of a Guangxu period artist. This example, however, is from later in the Republic and is probably a company name. See Jiangxi Jin Tang Ci She_1_34 above

Jin Yu Zhen Cang_4_21 Jin Yu Zhen Cang_4_21, Precious Collection of Treasure – Kangxi & Guangxu period mark

Jin Yu Zhen Cang_4_25 Jin Yu Zhen Cang_4_25,  Precious Collection of Treasure – Kangxi & Guangxu period mark

Jin Yu Zhen Cang_4_28 Jin Yu Zhen Cang_4_28, Precious Collection of Treasure – Kangxi & Guangxu period mark

Jin Yu Zhen Cang 1906_14_48 Jin Yu Zhen Cang 1906_14_48, Precious Collection of Treasure – Kangxi & Guangxu period mark, with an inscription dating it to the Bing Wu year, 1906

Jin Yu Zhen Cang_15_46 Jin Yu Zhen Cang_15_46, Precious Collection of Treasure – Kangxi & Guangxu period mark

Jin Yu Zhen Cang_23_56 Jin Yu Zhen Cang_23_56

Jin Zhuan Yin Guan_08_04 Jin Zhuan Yin Guan_08_04, “Poetic chamber of Jin Tiles”, originally a studio name of an official called Xu Yingrong and used in the Tongzhi period although this example is more likely Guangxu or Republic in age

Jing Hua Tao Hui_11_06 Jing Hua Tao Hui_11_06, Painted by Jing Hua Tao, same name in the inscription Jing Hua Tao Hui_11_06i

Jing Shi Zhou Yi Fa Jia Gong Chu Pin_1 Jing Shi Zhou Yi Fa Jia Gong Chu Pin_1, Product of Jing Shi Zhou Yi Fa Jia Gong

Jing Tang Fa Ji_29_08 Jing Tang Fa Ji_29_08

Jing Yuan Tang Zhi_18_08 Jing Yuan Tang Zhi_18_08, translated as ‘The Hall of Quiet Distances’

Jing Yuan Tang Zhi_18_84 Jing Yuan Tang Zhi_18_84, translated as ‘The Hall of Quiet Distances’, from the book, The Great Fortune

Jing Yuan Tang Zhi_21_15 Jing Yuan Tang Zhi_21_15, see above

Jing Zhao Cheng De Tang Zhi_24_17 Jing Zhao Cheng De Tang Zhi_24_17

Jing Zhen Gong X Xiang Zao 1919_16_21 Jing Zhen Gong ? Xiang Zao 1919_16_21, Made by the Gong ? Xiang company and dated in the inscription Jing Zhen Gong X Xiang Zao 1919_16_21i to the Ji Wei year, 1919, painted Yu Zi Yun at Zhushan, Xi Xuan

Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao 1888_13_08 Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao 1888_13_08, A modification of the Guan Yao Nei Zao (made in the Imperial Kilns) mark, by adding the Jing Zhen, a shortening for the town of Jingdezhen. See Guan Yao Nei Zao for explanation of the mark. Dated to 1888 in inscription Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao 1888_13_08i

Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao 1919_13_28 Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao 1919_13_28, See above. Dated to 1919 in inscription Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao 1919_13_28i_Ji Wei Zhi Xia Yue

Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao_13_09 Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao_13_09, See above

Jing Zhen Guang Da Chu Pin_25_56 Jing Zhen Guang Da Chu Pin_25_56

Jing Zhen Hua Feng Gongsi_3_01 Jing Zhen Hua Feng Gongsi_3_01, Company name of Hua Feng maybe, but mark calligraphy very similar to Jian Hua Ciye Gongsi_06_11 and the like, so they could be related

Jing Zhen Jiangxi Ming Ci_26_62 Jing Zhen Jiangxi Ming Ci_26_62

Jing Zhen Liu Yuan Shun Yin 1917_13_22 Jing Zhen Liu Yuan Shun Yin 1917_13_22, Probably Yuan Shun Yin company,with  Liu Xing Yuan the artist’s name, Jing Zhen Liu Yuan Shun Yin 1917_13_22i_Liu Xingyuan in the inscription?

Jing Zhen Liu Yuan Shun Yin 1918_19_10 Jing Zhen Liu Yuan Shun Yin 1918_19_10. Dated to Wu Wu 1918 in the inscription

Jing Zhen Ming Xing Ciye Gongsi_23_52 Jing Zhen Ming Xing Ciye Gongsi_23_52

Jing Zhen Sheng He Shun Zao_26_17 Jing Zhen Sheng He Shun Zao_26_17

Jing Zhen Yi Sheng Jian Hao_07_05 Jing Zhen Yi Sheng Jian Hao_07_05, Painted by Yi Sheng Jian in Jingdezhen

Jing Zhen X Song Jian Li_23_45 Jing Zhen ? Song Jian Li_23_45

Jing Zhen Yi Sheng Jian Hao_1 Jing Zhen Yi Sheng Jian Hao_1, Painted by Yi Sheng Jian in Jingdezhen

Jing Zhen Yu Yuan Chang Zao 1920_14_68 Jing Zhen Yu Yuan Chang Zao 1920_14_68, Yu Yuan Chang in Jingdezhen, this is one of the marks of the very prolific Republic period studio of Yu Yuan Sheng. Dated to 1920 in the inscription Jing Zhen Yu Yuan Chang Zao 1920_14_68i

Jing Zhen Yuan Jin Xuan Ci She_5_04 Jing Zhen Yuan Jin Xuan Ci She_5_04, Yuan Jin Xuan is the company name, but see Yuan Jin Xuan_14_66, which may be the artist’s name

Jing Zhen Zhan Xin Fa Chang 1921_15_51 Jing Zhen Zhan Xin Fa Chang_15_51, Zhan Xin Fa Chang company or artist with the inscription Jing Zhen Zhan Xin Fa Chang 1921_15_51i giving a dating to the Xin You year, 1921

Jingdezhen Ciye Gongsi Chu Pin_01_1 Jingdezhen Ciye Gongsi Chu Pin_01_1, May be related to the Jiangxi Porcelain Company in some way, translates as Jingdezhen Porcelain Company

Jingdezhen Hongqi Ci Chang Chu 7 Pin_26_33 Jingdezhen Hongqi Ci Chang Chu 7 Pin_26_33

Jingdezhen Lu Guang Shun Zao 1906_14_47 Jingdezhen Lu Guang Shun Zao 1906_14_47, Made by Lu Guang Shun company or artist in the Bing Wu year, 1906 Jingdezhen Lu Guang Shun Zao 1906_14_47i

Jingdezhen Meishu Hezuo Gongchang Chu Pin_07_24 Jingdezhen Meishu Hezuo Gongchang Chu Pin_07_24, Mark translates to Jingdezhen Arts Cooperative Factory Product, could be 1950s

Jingdezhen Sheng Li Mei Shu Ci She_06_09 Jingdezhen Sheng Li Mei Shu Ci She 1953_06_09, Dated in the inscription to 1953, Jingdezhen Sheng Li Mei Shu Ci She_06_09i may also be produced at the Jingdezhen Arts Cooperative (as above) but this teapot is also signed by Cheng Deng Jin, the artist presumably

Jingdezhen Taoci Gongsi Jiagong Chu Pin_28_62 Jingdezhen Taoci Gongsi Jiagong Chu 8 Pin_28_62

Jingdezhen Tong Zhi Weng Jian Zao_28_27 Jingdezhen Tong Zhi Weng Jian Zao_28_27

Jingdezhen Yi Shu Ci Chang Chu Pin_20_17 Jingdezhen Yi Shu Ci Chang Chu Pin_20_17

Jingdezhen Yi Shu Ci Chang Zong Zhi 1969_29_33 Jingdezhen Yi Shu Ci Chang Zong Zhi 1969_29_33, dated in this mark to 1969 in English numbers

Jiangxi Jingdezhen X Ming Ci_23_40 Jiangxi Jingdezhen ? Ming (1) Ci_23_40

Jingdezhen Zhi Yi Jiu Wu San Nian_26_88 Jingdezhen Zhi Yi Jiu Wu San Nian_26_88, Made in Jingdezhen in 1953, the date within the base mark

Jiu Yu_07_01 Jiu Yu_07_01, Artist’s name? Jiu Yu_07_01i Inscription gives a date of 1928

Jiujiang An Ji Ci Dian Chu Pin_19_01 Jiujiang An Ji Ci Dian Chu Pin_19_01. Jiujiang is the second largest prefecture level city in Jiangxi Province after Nanchang and is located about 125km northwest of Jingdezhen.

Jiujiang Bao Ji Chu Pin_25_03 Jiujiang Bao Ji Chu Pin_25_03

Jiujiang Chan Yu Cheng You Zao_3_03 Jiujiang Chan Yu Cheng You Zao_3_03, Made in the city of Jiujiang by Chan Yu Cheng company, as ‘you’ is short for youxian gongsi which means ‘ltd.’ or ‘Inc.’.  This mark was discussed on the Gotheborg List

Jiujiang Ciye Shang Dian 1932_28_49 Jiujiang Ciye Shang Dian 1932_28_49, a teapot, but with the matching platter dating to 1932 in the inscription

Jiujiang Da Xing Gongsi_3_02 Jiujiang Da Xing Gongsi_3_02, The Jiujiang Great Prosperity Company