CHINESE REPUBLIC (1912-1949) and other MARKS OVERVIEW

(An update to this marks overview for May 2014 is now complete. All new marks are in the proper alphabetical order but the text will be red and in italics for a short time so as to highlight the newly added marks. There are about 200 new marks.)

A few years ago I posted on the Gotheborg Discussion Board (Gotheborg.com) an overview of Republic of China marks. Since then I have acquired many more different marks, as well as more examples of known marks. The last overview showed examples of all types of marks from the Republic Period, including reign marks, ‘CHINA’ marks, private kiln marks, hall marks, commendation marks and ‘circle’ marks. This updated overview will concentrate on the private kiln and company marks, hall and commendation marks, and will also include artist’s marks and seals, where possible.

The main thing that separates Republic marks from the marks of all previous times is the enormous number of private kiln and company, maker’s or shop marks. When one looks at the most comprehensive English language lineup of Chinese marks, in ‘The New and Revised Handbook of Marks on Chinese Ceramics’ by Gerald Davison, 2010, almost 3400 different marks are listed. Some are different combinations of reign marks but there are still over 3000 marks to cover the marks of all the Chinese Dynasties from the Shang 1600BCE to the Guangxu reign ending in 1908. A relatively small but important number of Republic marks are also included. There are, by definition, no reign marks in the Republic Period, so I queried, what constituted the ‘non-reign’ marks in the previous dynasties? From what I can glean, they were either hall marks (so were still produced in the Imperial kilns, if genuine), potters’ marks and painters’ marks, but by far the greatest number were commendation or aspirational marks, referring to “the destination or ownership of an object, or (to) carry a message of commendation or good wishes” (From Davison’s book). Some marks were used to commemorate a very special event, and some were simply date marks. However, the relative proportions of these categories of marks changed during the Republic with reign marks (nearly all, if not all, apocryphal – there is still some dispute over whether the Hongxian or Jurentang marks can be labelled as reign marks) still making up the bulk of marks, but with private kiln or company marks making up the large majority of the rest. Hallmarks and commendations were still reasonably common, but the commendations moved location from the base of the porcelains to the written inscriptions on the sides of the porcelains in the Late Qing and Republic eras. Below, I will list almost 400 different marks from this era, and I am sure there are many more.

So these Late Qing and Republic aged porcelains have another very important attribute. Many of the non-imperial derived patterns have inscriptions, usually in black enamel and which include some or all of the following elements: poem; artist’s name and/or seal; calligrapher’s name; cyclical date; commendation or other wishes; place of manufacture; owner or patron. This gives us an enormous amount of information not accessible from the porcelains of earlier eras. I emphasise this aspect because it actually allows us to build up a picture of artists and companies and ideas and patterns which is unconceivable for earlier porcelains. Added to this is the fact that some of the Republic Period artists are still alive, or their offspring are, and they have been able to outline their histories first hand.

Davison states that more Chinese ceramics are unmarked rather than marked, but this is definitely not the case during the Republic Period. Very very few pieces are unmarked. The original reason for this may have been the requirement for place of origin to be shown on all imported items to the USA after 1891, but there must be other reasons as well, including the fact that there were so many new private companies itching to advertise their presence.

Because I have decided to include artist’s marks, the period covered by this overview will now stretch back into the later part of the Qing dynasty, into the Guangxu period, so as to capture the marks, seals and relevant inscriptions (dates) of the Qianjiang painters and their like. The hallmarks of the Republic period are for the most part reissues of older hall marks from the earlier Qing reigns, but with a few that were new to the Republic, such as Ju Ren Tang Zhi and Zhao De Tang Zhi.

I have tried very hard to get these marks translated correctly, both from members on the Gotheborg Discussion Board when I or others posted items for translation and also by hiring a couple of young Chinese translators here in Sydney. However, some of the translations may be incorrect or incomplete and I invite anyone to offer alternatives or corrections wherever possible.

As you will see below, by far the most common mark colour is overglaze iron red. This is partly because my collecting habits lie with the enamelled wares of this period rather than blue & white or monochromes. However, in this period, overwhelmingly more enamelled pieces were made compared to blue & white or monochromes, especially when compared to previous eras. This is mainly a result of the upheaval of the times and the breakdown of dynastic rule and control of the imperial kilns etc, but also because most of the artists of the time actually desired and preferred to work in this style. So the main colour was overglaze iron red, but there were several types of red – that is a discussion in itself. There was also a range of blues in the overglaze, enamelled blue marks, from royal blue to teal blue and grey blue. And so too the underglaze blue marks.

Although there are many fine examples of handwritten marks in this Late Qing and Republic period, most marks are stamped. There is no doubt a lot more to discuss regarding this aspect as well……

So, to the perennial problem, how to categorise the marks? How to divide them up?

Let’s see? A typical mark might comprise the place name first (e.g. Jiangxi, Jingdezhen, Jiujiang, Nanchang, Shanghai), then the Company or Shop name (e.g. Qing Hua, Guang Hua, Xin Zhong Hua, Da Xing etc) or Artist’s name (e.g. Chan Yu Chen, Guo Xie Cheng, Yong Xing Chang, Li Hua Chang etc) second and then the ‘designation’ (e.g. Gongsi, Ming Ci, Chu Pin, Zhen Pin, Zao). Some or all of these elements are typically present in a private kiln mark. So 6-7 characters are the norm. In some cases the place name is left off, as can be the ‘designation’.  A single company may have several different ways of hand writing its mark and many different mark stamps would have been used over time as well. The same range can apply to marks with an artist’s name.

Hallmarks tend to be simpler and usually comprise just 4 characters, often involving Tang and Zhi, and often revisiting and reusing hall marks from the earlier Qing reigns. It is really interesting to note how the Chinese translate the Republic Period hallmarks. In the translations of several chinese language books on Chinese ceramics hallmarks such as Ju Ren Tang Zhi or Da De Tang Zhi are variously translated as Made in Ju Ren Tang (when the chinese pinyin is usually translated into English) or Ju Ren Tang Shop, Da De Tang Shop. This is to suggest that the Chinese writers do not consider these marks to be real hallmarks as in the past, but the equivalent of shop marks. It would be very interesting to know about this in more detail.

Then the next question is in what order do I list the marks? Alphabetical is the obvious solution, but this will emphasise the place names as these are usually put first. However, this is the simplest and most direct method and I have done that here.

I have decided not to show images of the pieces, just the marks. The main reason is so as not to provide a library for fakesters and copyists to use. However, I would love to share these images with you because they tell a very interesting story – so if anyone wants me to show the corresponding image for a particular mark just let me know and I will post it.

A few basics about the designations (the parts of the mark, usually at the end or in the middle, which pertain to the type of organisation or person involved with the manufacture):

  • ‘Ming Ci’ means ‘famous’ or ‘name-brand’ porcelain
  • ‘Pin’ means  Product
  • ‘Zhen Pin’ means Precious Product
  • ‘Chu Pin’ means Product, with the “chu” referring to an item that is released to the world
  • ‘Zhi’ means Made in or by, has the connotation of “fabricated by”
  • ‘Gong Si’ or ‘Gongsi’  means Company in the legal sense – ‘Youxian Gongsi’ means Ltd. or Inc. and can sometimes be shortened just to ‘You’
  • ‘Cang’ means Collection of
  • ‘Zao’ means made by or in, tends to have the connotation of “manufactured by” in addition to “made”
  • ‘Xie’ , “to write”, written by?
  • Zi zao means made on the premises
  • ‘Shi’ = family, also clan, most often referring to someone’s surname
  • ‘Hua’ means painted by
  • ‘Hui’ means painted by as well, but may have subtle difference in meaning?
  • ‘Zuo’ means ‘Made by’
  • ‘Zhai’ or  ‘Zhai Zhi’ refers to Studio of

Please add any others or correct or refine those above (thank you  to D. Lane for the corrections!).

I do not read Chinese, so some of the translations into pinyin below may, when translated, be very obviously NOT a company or artist name and may be a simple commendation or other subject. I would appreciate any corrections. Thanks.

LATE QING & REPUBLIC MARKS (all are base marks unless noted, the numbers are my own file designations):

Ai Sheng_18_43 Ai Sheng_18_43, From the workshop of Wu Aisheng, artist, dating 1910-1926, Innovations and Creations book

Bai Shi Qi Chang_12_15 Bai Shi Qi Chang_12_15, Commendation mark meaning ‘Prosperity for hundreds of Generations’

Bao Long Chu Pin_01_11 Bao Long Chu Pin_01_11, Bao Long is a company name, so Product of Bao Long

Bao Long Chu Pin_25_21 Bao Long Chu Pin_25_21, product of Bao Long

Bao Sheng Chang Hao_20_14 Bao Sheng Chang Hao_20_14, painted by Bao Sheng Chang

Bao Yong Xuan Yong_3_33 Bao Yong Xuan Yong_3_33, No info, looks like a commendation of some type?

Bi Xi_18_48  Bi Xi_18_48 Bi Xi_18_48, Studio mark of Duan Bilan, means een Jade Stream 1912-1925, Simon Kwan. Davison’s marks book notes that this seal mark was used by Wang Qi

Bi Yun Xuan Zhi_18_80 Bi Yun Xuan Zhi_18_80, ‘Made for the Treasure of Azure Clouds’, from the Great Fortune book

Bing Rong Sheng Zao 1918_13_24 Bing Rong Sheng Zao 1918_13_24, Made by Bing Rong Sheng. This is probably the company name because the inscription indicates that this was painted by Song Lin Xuan in the Wu Wu year, 1918  Bing Rong Sheng Zao 1918_13_24i_Song Lin Xuan

Cai Bo Sen Zhi_28_18  Cai Bo Sen Zhi_28_18, made for or by Cai Bo Sen. This example and the ‘Cai Yan Cheng’ example just below are from the same maker, and are millefleur small lidded serving bowls

Cai Hua Tang Zhi_4_05 Cai Hua Tang Zhi_4_05, ‘Hall of Brilliant Splendour’ – Qianlong & Jiaqing hallmark but on a Republic period example

Cai Yan Cheng Zhi_27_43  Cai Yan Cheng Zhi_27_43, made for or by Cai Yan Cheng, see ‘Cai Bo Sen’ above

Cao Kun Chang Zao_14_13 Cao Kun Chang Zao_14_13, Made by Cao Kun Chang, company or artist

Chang Jiang Ci She Chu Pin_01_3 Changjiang Ci She Chu Pin_01_3, Changjiang Porcelain Association. Chang Jiang is the river which flows through Jingdezhen, and probably aslo a place in Jingdezhen?

Chang Jiang Cui Yun Xuan Hua 1919_3_34 Changjiang Cui Yun Xuan Hua 1919_3_34,  Drawn in the “Green Cloud Balcony” of Changjiang. Date of 1919 in the inscription, Chang Jiang is the river which flows through Jingdezhen.

Chao Ding Chang Zao 1918_13_25  Chao Ding Chang Zao 1918_13_25, Made by Chao Ding Chang?  From the inscription, In the Wu Wu year, 1918  Chao Ding Chang Zao 1918_13_25i

Chen Fa Xin Zao_20_44 Chen Fa Xin Zao_20_44, made by Chen Fa Xin

Chen Fu Xing Zao_10_27 Chen Fu Xing Zao_10_27, Inscription reads  ‘Jiangxi Chen Fu Xing Xie’,  made by Chen Fu Xing   Chen Fu Xing Zao_10_27_Jiangxi Chen Fu Xing Xie_i

Chen Wan Ren Zeng_5_39 Chen Wan Ren Zeng_5_39, Chen Wan Ren is probably the name of the buyer or patron of these wares, then given by him as a present, and to show his wealth to the recipients.

Chen Wan Ren Zeng_5_40 Chen Wan Ren Zeng_5_40, Chen Wan Ren is probably the name of the buyer or patron of these wares, then given by him as a present, and to show his wealth to the recipients.

Chen Yong Tai Zao 1915_14_56 Chen Yong Tai Zao 1915_14_56, Made by Chen Yong Tai, the artist, and from the inscription, Chen Yong Tai Zao 1915_14_56i made at Chang Jiang in the Yi Mao year, 1915

Chen You Fa Zao_26_53  Chen You Fa Zao_26_53, made by Chen You Fa

Cheng Guang Hua Xuan_21_12 Cheng Guang Hua Xuan_21_12 

Cheng Long Wan Pin 1924_14_07 Cheng Long Wan Pin 1924_14_07, Cheng Long Wan Pin 1924_14_07iCheng Long Wan Pin means “Successful Grand Joyful Product”. Inscription reads in part “Jia Zi Zhi Xia Yue Huang ? ?” = Summer 1924

Chu He Ciye Gongsi_5_38 Chu He Ciye Gongsi_5_38,  Chu He Porcelain Company

Chung Hua Ming Kuo_5_11 Chung Hua Ming Kuo_5_11, No info

Da De Tang Zhi_18_14 Da De Tang Zhi_18_14, from the Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain book, which translates this seeming hallmark as ‘Dadetang Shop’, held in the Pingxiang City Museum

Da Ri Qiu Lu Zhai Zao_07_08 Da Ri Qiu Lu Zhai Zao_07_08, No info, made by Da Ri Qiu Lu Zhai or is this a commendation?

Da Xin Zhen Pin_5_28 Da Xin Zhen Pin_5_28, Product of Da Xin company

Da Xin Zhen Pin_13_04 Da Xin Zhen Pin_13_04, Product of Da Xin company

Da Ya Qi_29_22 Da Ya Qi_29_22

Dai Heng Feng Zao_15_23 Dai Heng Feng Zao_15_23, Made by Dai Heng Feng company, and from the inscription  Dai Heng Feng Zao_15_23i the artist appears to be Bai ?

Dai Yue Sheng Zao 1907_14_50 Dai Yu Sheng Zao 1907_14_50, Made by the artist Dai Yu Sheng in the Ding Wei year 1907, from the inscription Dai Yue Sheng Zao 1907_14_50i

De Hua Mei Xing Chu Pin 1938_25_36 De Hua Mei Xing Chu Pin 1938_25_36, with an inscription which places the piece in the 26th year of the Republic, i.e. 1938

De Ji Zhen Pin_23_49  De Ji Zhen Pin_23_49

De Ji Zhen Pin 1933_24_29 De Ji Zhen Pin 1933_24_29, with a Gui You, 1933, date in the inscription. Possible artist Zou Wen Hou

De Long Zhen Pin_4_15  De Long Zhen Pin_4_15, Product of De Long company

De Long Zhen Pin_4_16De Long Zhen Pin_4_16, Product of De Long company

Deng Yin_12_10 Deng Yin_12_10, No info, presumably Deng Yin artist or studio name

Deng Yin_12_11 Deng Yin_12_11, No info, presumably Deng Yin artist or studio name

Deng Yin_12_11is Deng Yin_12_11is, This is a seal mark on the front of the plate above

Du Jiu Shan Bei_10_13 Du Jiu Shan Bei_10_13, Translated as ‘Gamble, Wine, Portion, Cup’ – on a small gambling cup! This has been discussed on the Gotheborg Discussion Board

Dun Ben Tang Zhi_28_56 Dun Ben Tang Zhi_28_56, Hall of Fundamental Honesty, a Daoguang period hallmark originally, but this example is Guangxu or Republic period

Dun Hou Tang Zhi_22_21 Dun Hou Tang Zhi_22_21, Hall of Honesty and Generosity, a Daoguang hallmark, the examples might be of the period or later Qing

Duo Fu Duo Shou Tang Zhi_5_32 Duo Fu Duo Shou Tang Zhi_5_32, ‘Made for the Hall of Abundant Happiness and Long Life’ – a Daoguang hallmark, but this is probably Republic in age.

En Shou Tang Zhi_3_29 En Shou Tang Zhi_3_29, A hallmark, not in Davison’s book so possibly Republic, but shape and decoration do look mid-late C19th.

Fang Ping Tai Hao 1916_14_58 Fang Ping Tai Hao 1916_14_58, Painted by Fang Ping Tao in 1916  Fang Ping Tai Hao 1916_14_58i

Feng Peng Yuan Tang_11_21 Feng Peng Yuan Tang_11_21, untranslated Hall or commendation mark (might be artist/company name?) but Republic

Feng Yu Chu Pin_13_01 Feng Yu Chu Pin_13_01, Product of Feng Yu company or artist

Fu Cheng Yong Zao_28_09 Fu Cheng Yong Zao_28_09, made by Fu Cheng Yong

Fu Shou Yong Chang_11_17 Fu Shou Yong Chang_11_17, Good Fortune and ?, commendation mark?

Fuliang Tao Zhi 1939_5_01 (1) Fuliang Tao Zhi 1939_5_01, According to S.Kwan this is a factory mark. Jingdezhen is in the county of Fuliang which is in the Province of Jiangxi.

Fu Xing Chang Zao 1923_16_23 Fu Xing Chang Zao 1923_16_23, Made by Fu Xing Chang, artist, confirmed in the inscription and dated to the Gui Hai year, 1923  Fu Xing Chang Zao 1923_16_2316_23i

Gao Bo Sheng Hao 1896_14_38 Gao Bo Sheng Hao 1896_14_38 Gao Heng Sheng Zao 1902_14_43i

Gao Bo Sheng Hao 1896_14_38_Xiao Shan Zuo _i  Painted by Gao Bo Sheng, made by Xiao Shan, or other way around? Is this the same Gao Bo Sheng who became the Superintendant of Jingdezhen under the rule of Yuan Shikai?

Gao Heng Sheng Zao 1902_14_43 Gao Heng Sheng Zao1902_14_43,  Made by Gao Heng Sheng and with the inscription Gao Heng Sheng Zao 1902_14_43i adding the date of 1902, Ren Yin.

Ge Se Lao X You Se Ke Zhen 1917_14_18 Ge Se Lao ? You Se Ke Zhen 1917_14_18, As translated by kh chan (Gotheborg Discussion Board) the mark is really like an advertisement “selling all kinds of old brands at a trusted price and quality”! Ge Se Lao X You Se Ke Zhen 1917_14_18i In the inscription a date of 1917.

Gong Qin Tang Zhi_07_20 Gong Qin Tang Zhi_07_20, ‘Hall of Diligence in Public Affairs’ – Daoguang Hallmark, but Republic era bowl.

Gong Xing Chang Hua_15_38 Gong Xing Chang Hua_15_38 Presumably a company or owner’s name, from a large dinner set of over 100 pieces.

Gu Huan_18_23 Gu Huan_18_23, Studio mark of Pan Taoyu, means Ancient Joy, Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain book, held in the Jingdezhen Ceramics Museum.

Gu Huan 1920_18_57 Gu Huan 1920_18_57, Studio mark of Pan Taoyu, means Ancient Joy, dated to 1920 in the inscription, S. Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book.

Gu Huan1925_18_37 (1) Gu Huan 1925_18_37, Studio mark of Pan Taoyu, means Ancient Joy, dated to 1925 in the inscription, Innovations and Creations book.

Gu Shi_18_25 Gu Shi_18_25, Studio name of Tian Hexian, means Ancient Stone, from Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain book, held in the Jiangxi Provincial Museum.

Gu Shi 1933_18_58 Gu Shi 1933_18_58, Studio name of Tian Hexian, means Ancient Stone, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dated to 1933 in the inscription.

Gu Yue Xuan Zhi_4_03 Gu Yue Xuan Zhi_4_03, “Made for the Pavillion of the Ancient Moon”, a Yongzheng and Qianlong Hall mark according to Davison, but in this case early C20th vases. This type of porcelain – the originals from the early Qing period – is said to be the model upon which the ‘imperial’ porcelain of the Hongxian reign (1916) were meant to be based.

Gu Yue Xuan Zhi_18_16  Gu Yue Xuan Zhi_18_16, see above but in this reference, the Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain, and held in the Jingdezhen Ceramic Museum, it is translated as Guyuexuan Shop!

Gu Yue Xuan_5_35 Gu Yue Xuan_5_35, A similar hallmark to the one above without the ‘zhi’, but of late Guangxu or Republic age.

Guan Yao Jian Zhi 1887_13_15 Guan Yao Jian Zhi 1887_13_15, Mark says “Made under supervision of the Imperial Kiln”. Inscription indicates that the vase was made in 1887, and is painted by Xu Pinheng. It is very likely that Xu Pinheng was one of the few employed by the Imperial kiln as a contract porcelain painter. This vase was discussed on the Gotheborg List.

Guan Yao Jian Zhi 1886_16_18 Guan Yao Jian Zhi 1886_16_18, See above. This inscription indicates that the artist was Xu Pin Heng, Guan Yao Jian Zhi 1886_16_18iwas painted in the Bing Xu year, 1886 at Chang Jiang, Ke Ci

Guan Yao Jian Zhi 1886_21_17  Guan Yao Jian Zhi 1886_21_17, Official Ware made, see above. The inscription gives a Bing Xu 1886 date

Guan Yao Nei Zao_08_02 Guan Yao Nei Zao_08_02, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, with the current hypothesis that this is the mark used for private use of the Imperial kiln when it was not filling orders for the Emperors. Examples show a range of quality. Late C19th-Early C20th period – the earliest dating is 1887 and the latest dating below is 1907.

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1891_13_12 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1891_13_12, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln – inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1891_13_12i alludes to a Yu Zhu Ming as artist made in 1891

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_13_14 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_13_14, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, signed Zhu Shao Quan in the inscription, and dated 1894

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1907_3_18 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1907_3_18, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, Ding Wei 1907 in the inscription

Guan Yao Nei Zao_3_28 Guan Yao Nei Zao_3_28, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln

Guan Yao Nei Zao_4_37 Guan Yao Nei Zao_4_37, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln

Guan Yao Nei Zao_5_14 Guan Yao Nei Zao_5_14, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln

Guan Yao Nei Zao_5_41 Guan Yao Nei Zao_5_41, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln

Guan Yao Nei Zao_13_10 Guan Yao Nei Zao_13_10, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_13_13 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_13_13, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1892 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_13_13i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1890_14_29 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1890_14_29, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1890 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1890_14_29i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_30 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_30, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1892 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_30i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_31 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_31, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1892 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_31i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_32 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_32, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1892 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1892_14_32i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_33 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_33, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_33i Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_33ia 1893 in the inscriptions

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_34 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_34, Made in the Government

(Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1893 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_34i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_35 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_35, Made in the Government

(Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1893 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1893_14_35i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_14_36 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_14_36, Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_14_36_Lei Guang Heng_iMade in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, signed by Lei Guang Heng in the inscription, dated to 1894

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_14_37 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_14_37, Guan Yao Nei Zao 1894_14_37_Mei Chun Mao_iMade in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, signed by Mei Chun Mao and dated 1894 in the inscription

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1896_14_39 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1896_14_39, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1896 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1896_14_39i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1899_14_41 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1899_14_41, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1899 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1899_14_41i

Guan Yao Nei Zao 1902_14_44 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1902_14_44, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1902 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao 1902_14_44i

Guan Yao Nei Zao  1898_16_20 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1898_16_20, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated 1898 in the inscription Guan Yao Nei Zao  1898_16_20i

Guan Yao Nei Zao  1887_16_26 Guan Yao Nei Zao 1887_16_26, Made in the Government (Imperial) Kiln, and dated Ding Hai, 1887 in the inscription,  Guan Yao Nei Zao  1887_16_26ipainted by Xiang Shan/Yu Huan Wen (different names for the same person) at Zhu Shan, Xi Xuan. Yu Huanwen is a known Guangxu period artist

Guang Fu Chang Xuan_28_21 Guang Fu Chang Xuan_28_21, made by Guang Fu Chang company 

 

Guang Xu Guan Yao_12_13 Guang Xu Guan Yao_12_13, Guangxu Imperial Kiln

Guangxu Ding Hai Nian Zhi 1887_22_57 Guang Xu Ding Hai Nian Zhi 1887_22_57, a very uncommon type of mark where the date, Ding Hai 1887, is actually within the base mark

Guang Ya Ci She Chu Pin_23_01 Guang Ya Ci She Chu Pin_23_01, this may be related to the Jiangxi Guang Ya company or Jiangxi Brilliant Asia Company (1920-1935), possibly a later mark near to the time of its closure in 1935

Guangxu Nian Qingyun Zhi 1898_14_40 Guangxu Nian Qingyun Zhi 1898_14_40, This is an unusual mix of a period mark (Guangxu) with an artist (Ma Qingyun), and dated 1898 in the inscription  Guangxu Nian Qingyun Zhi 1898_14_40_Ma Qingyun_i

Gui Bi_06_03 Gui Bi_06_03, Base mark is shown – Artist’s name Gui Bi or seal?

Guo Hua Mei Shu Ci Dian_16_44_2 Guo Hua Mei Shu Ci Dian_16_44, Not sure of the meaning of this mark, whether it has some quasi-government association, or just the name of a company/factory

Guo Huo Zhi Guang_26_38 Guo Huo Zhi Guang_26_38, meaning ‘the pride of national production’, this mark on the base of a tea bowl whose lid has a mark ‘Jiangxi Wang Long Tai Zao’

Guo Xie Cheng Tang_15_19  Guo Xie Cheng Tang_15_19, Not sure what the Tang means here. All these ‘Guo Xie Cheng’ marked pieces are dragon and phoenix pattern with a multi-coloured key fret.

Guo Xie Cheng Tang_15_20 Guo Xie Cheng Tang_15_20, See above

Guo Xie Cheng Zhi_3_22 Guo Xie Cheng Zhi_3_22, Made by Guo Xie Cheng, artist or company

Han Qing 1933_14_62 Han Qing 1933_14_62, Han Qing 1933_14_62i Han Qing is the name mark for artist Yu Hanqing, dated 1933 in the inscription

Han Qing 1941_18_73 Han Qing 1941_18_73, name mark of Yu Hanqing, dated to 1941 in the inscription, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book

Hankou Zhu Shan Chu Pin_16_39 Hankou Zhu Shan Chu Pin_16_39, Made In Hankou, but relationship to Zhushan (Pearl Hill – site of the Imperial kiln in Jingdezhen) is unknown at this stage. The calligrapher of this mark also wrote marks for Nanchang, Jiujiang and Jiangxi companies, many of which were decorated with dragon and phoenix pattern, as this one is. See similar example below

Hankou Zhu Shan Zhen Pin_1_28 Hankou Zhu Shan Zhen Pin_1_28, Made In Hankou, but relationship to Zhushan (Pearl Hill – site of the Imperial kiln in Jingdezhen) is unknown at this stage. The calligrapher of this mark also wrote marks for Nanchang, Jiujiang and Jiangxi companies, many of which were decorated with dragon and phoenix pattern, as this one is.

He Cheng Chang_3_32 He Cheng Chang_3_32, ‘He Chen Chang’ is a porcelain company’s name in Chao Zhou(潮州)City, Guangdong Province

He De Chang Zao_07_12 He De Chang Zao_07_12, Made by He De Chang, company or artist

Heng Li Chu Pin_01_9 Heng Li Chu Pin_01_9, Product of Heng Li Company or artist, 2 examples (see below) both millefleur pattern.

Heng Li Chu Pin_01_10 Heng Li Chu Pin_01_10, Heng Li Company or artist

Heng Shen Ji Zhi_10_11 Heng Shen Ji Zhi_10_11, Also has a stamped ‘MADE IN CHINA’ mark, Heng Sheng Ji company or artist.

Heng Xin Chu Pin_11_10 Heng Xin Chu Pin_11_10, Product of Heng Xin company or artist, all 3 examples (see below) are of the millefleur pattern. Or does Heng have a special meaning?

Heng Xin Chu Pin_11_11 Heng Xin Chu Pin_11_11, This bowl was sold with another exactly the same, but the other had a stamped 6 character Qianlong kaishu mark in iron red.

Heng Xin Chu Pin_11_14 Heng Xin Chu Pin_11_14, Product of Heng Xin company or artist

Hou Yu Chu_20_24 Hou Yu Chu_20_24, with an inscription indicating that this was made by Shi Yu Chu at Yangshan

Hu X Weng Zao 1923_21_01 Hu ? Weng Zao 1923_21_01, the inscription giving a Gui Hai 1923 dating

Hu Yan Xing Hui_12_30 Hu Yan Xing Hui_12_30, Painted by Hu Yan Xing and the inscription says  Hu Yan Xing Hui_12_30i_Jiangxi Yan Xing Chu Pin ‘Jiangxi Yan Xing Chu Pin’ and also ‘Ren Jia Yi Bi Liu’ Hu Yan Xing Hui_12_30ia

Hu Yuan Xin Zao 1927_14_09 Hu Yuan Xin Zao 1927_14_09, This was discussed on the Gotheborg site, artist is Hu Hai Qing (from the inscriptions), company name is Hu Yuan Xin, and dated 1927 in the inscription Hu Yuan Xin Zao 1927_14_09i Hu Yuan Xin Zao 1927_14_09iaSee below for another interpretation

Wu Yuan Kum Zao 1921_14_27  Hu Yuan Xin Zao 1921_14_27, Made by Hu Yuan Xin in the year of Xin You (1921)

Hu Yuan Xin Zao_16_01 Hu Yuan Xin Zao_16_01, Made by Hu Yuan Xin, a known early C20th artist according to the Canon of Ceramic Painting book,  with the inscription indicating that the company name is Yi Cheng Xuan and that the decoration is in imitation of Liu Ru’s works.Hu Yuan Xin Zao_16_01i So this information is in contradiction of the example above

Hu Yuan Xin Zao_16_28 Hu Yuan Xin Zao_16_28, Hu Yuan Xin Zao_16_28i The inscription on this example shows that the artist’s name is Hu Hai Qing, a known Guangxu period artist. The 1927 dating from the two examples above shows that this artist was active for many years

Hu Yuan Xing Zao_15_16 Hu Yuan Xing Zao_15_16, Made by Hu Yuan Xing. Only the lid of this teabowl set has this mark. The mark on the bowl is a stamped red 4 character Tongzhi seal mark. This is not the same maker as Hu Yuan Xin, above

Hua Cha Gong Si Chu Pin_14_17 Hua Cha Gong Si Chu Pin_14_17, The Hua Cha and Ji Hua Cha company made tea caddies. Many tea caddies of the Republic period have one of these marks and often also have a red ‘CHINA’ mark. Others are either unmarked or have just the ‘CHINA’ mark. ”Hua” means China, ”Cha” means tea, ”Hua Cha” here is a name of a tea producing company in Shang Hai, but the porcelain is produced for it by a Jingdezhen porcelain company

Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_01_22  Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_01_22, See above

Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_01_8 Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_01_8, See Hua Cha company above for info

Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_1_20 Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_1_20, See Hua Cha company above for info

Hua Cha Gong Si Chu Pin_16_34 Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_16_34, See Hua Cha company above for info

Hua Chang Ci Ye Shang Dian_08_01 Hua Chang Ci Ye Shang Dian_08_01, No info, presumably a company name. Some other examples with this pattern have a Shanghai mark, so the pattern, which is new to the Republic in this form, may have originated here.

Hua Cui Ciye Gongsi_27_54 Hua Cui Ciye Gongsi_27_54, Hua Cui Company with the inscription indicating that this is a Shanghai company.

Hua Ji Chu Pin_10_20 Hua Ji Chu Pin_10_20, Hua Ji Chu Pin_10_20i The inscription reads ‘Jiangxi Hua Ji Chu Pin’ so presumably Hua Ji company or artist of Jiangxi

Hua Tai Ciye Gongsi_26_27 Hua Tai Ciye Gongsi_26_27, Hua Tai Company

Hua Zhen Hua Shi_16_03 Hua Zhen Hua Shi_16_03, Hua Zhen company? and from the inscription the artist is Luo Zhonglin, Hua Zhen Hua Shi_16_03i a known Republic period artist

Hua Zhen Chu Pin_15_01 Hua Zhen Chu Pin_15_01, Product of Hua Zhen company or artist

Huang Ji X Mao Xiang X 1920_14_22 Huang Ji ? Mao Xiang ? 1920_14_22,  No info on the mark, but the inscription says that Qing Chang was the artist and Zhu Shan, Rong Ci was

the place this was made, and dated 1920 Huang Ji X Mao Xiang X 1920_14_22i_Qing Chang

Huang Jin Gu Xuan_11_01 Huang Jin Gu Xuan_11_01, Huang Jin Gu Xuan_11_01_Jiangxi X Gu Xuan Chu Pin_i The inscription reads ‘Jiangxi  ? Gu Xuan Chu Pin’  so the company or artist name of ? Gu Xuan? Or Huang Jin Gu?

Huang Xin Xing Hao_16_14 Huang Xin Xing Hao_16_14, Painted by Huang Xin Xing, with the inscription reading ‘Imitation of works from Yuan Dynasty’ Huang Xin Xing Hao_16_14i

Hui Tong Zhen Pin_19_26 Hui Tong Zhen Pin_19_26, precious product of Hui Tong

Hui Xie Hua Xuan_16_24 Hui Xie Hua Xuan_16_24, Painted by Xie Hua Huan?

 

Hunan Mofan Yaoye Gongchang_5_02 Hunan Mofan Yaoye Gongchang_5_02, This mark from Simon Kwan’s book, dated 1921. Hunan Province factory name, innovative use of enamels directly on the biscuit.

Ji Chang Jian Zh_28_22 Ji Chang Jian Zhi_28_22, made by Ji Chang Company

Ji De Tang Zhi_06_22 Ji De Tang Zhi_06_22, This hallmark not in Davison’s book so possibly a new Republic hallmark, ’Hall of Primary Virtue’. This example is early C20th

Ji Xiang Ru Yi_09_22 Ji Xiang Ru Yi_09_22, ‘May your Good Fortune be as you wish’ – a Tongzhi commendation. This shape and pattern typically is Guangxu or Tongzhi mark & period.

Ji Xiang Ru Yi_29_05 Ji Xiang Ru Yi_29_05, a similar object to that above

Ji Zhen_06_08 Ji Zhen_06_08, Ji Zhen is a seal mark, this piece was discussed on the list, Ji Zhen_06_08i  Ji Zhen_06_08iaand translation of the inscription shows that decoration is ‘freehand painting by Wu Ji Zhen’

Jian Guo Gongsi1951_18_38 (1) Jian Guo Gongsi 1951_18_38, Signed in the inscription by Tian Hexian, base mark refers to the ‘Jiangxi Jian Guo Gongsi’ or Jiangxi Jianguo Ceramics Company. Dated to 1951 in the inscription, from Innovations and Creations book

Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_05_16 X Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_05_16, Thought at first this might be Jian Hua, but not …. the inscription may give more clues? Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_05_16i

Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_10_14 Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_10_14, Jian Hua Porcelain Company. This company was started in 1919 and was still in operation in 1930, in Shanghai

Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_10_15 Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_10_15, Jian Hua Porcelain Company, see above.Note that this is a stamped mark on a piece of equivalent quality to the handwritten mark pieces

Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_10_16 Jian Hua Ci Ye Gongsi_10_16, Jian Hua Porcelain Company, see above

Jian Hua Ciye Gongsi_06_11 Jian Hua Ciye Gongsi_06_11, Jian Hua Porcelain Company, see above Jian Hua Ciye Gongsi_06_11i Inscription untranslated

Jian Hua Gongsi Chu Pin_25_48 Jian Hua Gongsi Chu Pin_25_48, Product of Jian Hua Company

Jian Yi Yuan Hao Chu Pin_01_18 Jian Yi Yuan Hao Chu Pin_01_18, Painted by Jian Yi Yuan

Jiang Fu Chang Hao_20_15 Jiang Fu Chang Hao_20_15, painted by Fu Chang

Jiang Li He Zao_21_37 Jiang Li He Zao_21_37, made by Li He

Jiang Ming Ci Chu Pin_15_32 Jiang Ming Ci Chu Pin_15_32, Unusual 5 character mark (unless the stamp was broken off with the ‘Xi’ character!)

Jiangxi _ _ Xing Chu Pin_01_14 Jiangxi  ?? Xing Chu Pin_01_14,  Untranslated, but probably a company name

Jiangxi _ Ci Gong Ren Sheng Chan Wu Chang Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi ? Ci Gong Ren Sheng Chan Wu Chang Chu Pin_1, Product of ? Ci Gong Ren Sheng Chan Wu Chang

Jiangxi _ De Ji Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi ? De Ji Chu Pin_1, Product of ? De Ji

Jiangxi Bing Xing Chu Pin_27_55 Jiangxi Bing Xing Chu Pin_27_55

Jiangxi Cao Hua Ji Chu Pin_24_69 Jiangxi Cao Hua Ji Chu Pin_24_69

Jiangxi Chen Hua Zhen Chu Pin_26_75 Jiangxi Chen Hua Zhen Chu Pin_26_75, made by Hua Zhen in the inscription

Jiangxi Chen Kuan Ji Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Chen Kuan(?) Ji Chu Pin_1, Product of Chen Kuan (?) Ji

Jiangxi Chen Sheng Fa Chu Pin_19_24  Jiangxi Chen Sheng Fa Chu Pin_19_24

Jiangxi Chen Yu Xing Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Chen Yu Xing Chu Pin_1, Product of Chen Yu Xing

Jiangxi Cheng Xing Fa Chu Pin_24_58 Jiangxi Cheng Xing Fa Chu Pin_24_58

Jiangxi Cheng Yu Ji Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Cheng Yu Ji Chu Pin_1, Product of Cheng Yu Ji

Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_40 Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_40, Generic mark for a large range of utilitarian and more refined porcelains made in Jiangxi province. ‘Chu Pin’ means sincere production

Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_41 Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_41, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_42 Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_42, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_43 Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_43, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_44 Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_44, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_45 Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_45, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_46 Jiangxi Chu Pin_1_46, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_4_31 Jiangxi Chu Pin_4_31, Generic mark, see above Jiangxi Chu Pin_4_31iThe inscription indicates that this item was made by Huang Jun Shun. There is a known Guangxu period artist called Huang Jushun, but this example is almost certainly Republic in age

Jiangxi Chu Pin_5_42 Jiangxi Chu Pin_5_42, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_12_19 Jiangxi Chu Pin_12_19, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Chu Pin_18_04 Jiangxi Chu Pin_18_04, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ci Chang Gongsi 1922_15_58 Jiangxi Ci Chang Gongsi 1922_15_58, Company name with the inscription giving the artist’s name as De Ming Jiangxi Ci Chang Gongsi 1922_15_58i and dated to the Ren Xu year, 1922

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi 1923_14_06 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi 1923_14_06, This is the mark for the Jiangxi Porcelain Company, a well-known company which took over much of the production which previously had been undertaken by the Imperial kilns. It was started in 1910 and continued production until at least the 1940s. Generally the quality of pieces with this mark is above average. I have taken out some of the marks which may be copies or fakes, but cannot guarantee that all the marks below are genuine, but I have tried!

This particular mark is an example of an overglaze blue Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi mark. Most of the overglaze blue marks of this company which I have seen are of this slightly dirty grey blue colour, very different in hue from the standard overglaze royal blue one sees on other Republic-aged pieces. Untranslated inscription Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi 1923_14_06i on this piece.

From the examples below it is obvious that only 2 or 3 calligraphers were writing the mark in the first 20 or 30 years at least. Both the underglaze blue and overglaze red marks show a similarity in style with a slight skew to the characters which reminds me of ‘left-hand’ writers of ‘English’ script. Some of the most special examples have the marks within a double underglaze blue circle (and the marks are underglaze blue also).

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_1 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_1   Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_2 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_2   Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_3 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_3   Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_4 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_4   Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_5 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_5   Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_6 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_6   Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_7 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_7  Jiangxi Porcelain Company, note the grey-blue enamelled mark

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_8 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_8  Jiangxi Porcelain Company. This lidded serving dish is dated in the inscription to the 36th year of the Chinese Republic (1912+35), meaning 1947. This writer of this more cursive mark I am rating therefore as a later calligrapher.

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_9 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_9  Jiangxi Porcelain Company. This is a rare stamped mark from this company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_10 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_10 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_11 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_11 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_12 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_12 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_14 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_14 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_15 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_15 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_16 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_16 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_17 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_17 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_18 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_18  Jiangxi Porcelain Company, note the grey-blue enamelled mark

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_19 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_19  Jiangxi Porcelain Company, note the grey-blue enamelled mark

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_20 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_20 Jiangxi Porcelain Company. This version of the mark may be a copy. It is very stiff and contained. However, I have seen other examples which are similar.

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_21 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_21 Jiangxi Porcelain Company. This example also has a double blue circle.

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_22 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_22 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_23 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_23 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_24 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_24 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_25 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_25 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_27 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_27 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_28 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_28 Jiangxi Porcelain Company. This is another rarer stamped mark from this company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_29 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_29 Jiangxi Porcelain Company. A stamped mark on a fairly ordinary utilitarian piece.

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_30 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_30 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_31 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_31 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_32 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_32 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_33 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_33 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_34 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_34 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_35 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_35 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_38 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_38 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_39 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_2_39 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_12 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_12 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_13 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_13 Jiangxi Porcelain Company. Another stamped mark, but on a delightful bird and flower decorated pot, signed  Xiao Yu.

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_14 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_14 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_15 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_15 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_16 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_16 Jiangxi Porcelain Company. Another stamped mark, but on a grasshopper and flower decorated bowl, dated 1941, signed Ni Longguang.

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_23 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_23 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_24 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_24 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_25 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_25 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_26 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_06_26 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_12_25 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_12_25 Jiangxi Porcelain Company. This and the following bowl are dated by Bonhams to the 2nd quarter of the C20th, good provenance

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_12_26 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_12_26 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_17 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_17 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_18 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_18 Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi 1918_15_36 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi 1918_15_36, Jiangxi Porcelain Company, with an inscription dating the teapot Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi 1918_15_36ito the Spring of Min Guo Year 7, 1918

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_15_42 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_15_42, Jiangxi Porcelain Company. These inscriptions have not yet been translated, anyone? Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_15_42i The first starts with Jiangxi Porcelain Company, but I can’t read the last three characters. The rest?Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_15_42ia

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_15_50 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_15_50, Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_16_40 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_16_40, Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_34 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_34, Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_88 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_88, Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_89 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi_18_89, Jiangxi Porcelain Company

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi Chu Pin_1, Product of the Jiangxi Porcelain Company, stamped circle mark from the 1940s

Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi Jing Zhen_26_07 Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi Jing Zhen_26_07, another Late Republic/early PRC example from the Jiangxi Porcelain Company in its dying days

Jiangxi Da Feng Chu Pin_09_01 Jiangxi Da Feng Chu Pin_09_01, Da Feng is company or artist’s name. Jiangxi Da Feng Chu Pin_09_01i Untranslated inscription.

Jiangxi Dong Fang Ci She_15_10 Jiangxi Dong Fang Ci She_15_10, Jiangxi Dong Fang Ci She_15_10iInscription reads Jiangxi He Ji Chu Pin. Not sure which is the artist which is the company or association – Dong Fang or He Ji?

Jiangxi Ding Yi Xing Chu Pin_15_02 Jiangxi Ding Yi Xing Chu Pin_15_02, Product of Ding Yi Xing company, with the front inscription indicating the piece Jiangxi Ding Yi Xing Chu Pin_15_02i  was made at Zhushan and painted by Yi Xing, who is a known Republic period artist

Jiangxi Du Xiao Lou Chu Pin_20_05 Jiangxi Du Xiao Lou Chu Pin_20_05

Jiangxi Duan Song Mao Zao_5_21 Jiangxi Duan Song Mao Zao_5_21, Duan Song Mao is a known Republic period artist

Jiangxi Fu Chang Chu Pin_23_07_2 Jiangxi Fu Chang Chu Pin_23_07_2

Jiangxi Fu Ren Shu Shi Chu Pin_25_32 Jiangxi Fu Ren Shu Shi Chu Pin_25_32

Jiangxi Gan Hua Gongsi_1_30 Jiangxi Gan Hua Gongsi_1_30, Gan Hua is the company’s name, note calligraphic style

Jiangxi Gong Chang Chu Pin_25_31 Jiangxi Gong Chang Chu Pin_25_31

Jiangxi Guan Yao Min Ci_09_24 Jiangxi Guan Yao Ming Ci_09_24, This may be a variant of the Guan Yao Nei Zao (Made in the Imperial Kiln) mark, underglaze blue scrolling lotus pattern

Jiangxi Guang Hua Gong Si_14_20 Jiangxi Guang Hua Gongsi_14_20, Guang Hua is the company’s name Jiangxi Guang Hua Gong Si_14_20i

Jiangxi Guang Hua Gongsi_1_32  Jiangxi Guang Hua Gongsi_1_32, Guang Hua is the company’s name

Jiangxi Guang Ya Gongsi_5_46 Jiangxi Guang Ya Gongsi_5_46, Jiangxi Brilliant Asia Company (1920-1935)

Jiangxi Guang Ya Gongsi_07_25 Jiangxi Guang Ya Gongsi_07_25, Jiangxi Brilliant Asia Company (1920-1935)

Jiangxi Guang Ya Gong Si_15_13 Jiangxi Guang Ya Gongsi_15_13, Jiangxi Brilliant Asia Company (1920-1935). Note the grey-blue enamelled mark

Jiangxi Guo Hua Zhen Pin_5_22 Jiangxi Guo Hua Zhen Pin_5_22, Precious Object of Jiangxi National Splendour – Guangxu, might be a company name or an aspirational name

Jiangxi Guo Long Sheng Chu Pin_27_64 Jiangxi Guo Long Sheng Chu Pin_27_64

Jiangxi He Xing Gongsi_26_51 Jiangxi He Xing Gongsi_26_51, Hexing Company

Jiangxi He Xing Gongsi 1936_27_42 Jiangxi He Xing Gongsi 1936_27_42, Hexing Company, dated in the inscription to the 24th year of the Republic, 1936

Jiangxi He Yi Chang Chu Pin_24_50 Jiangxi He Yi Chang Chu Pin_24_50

Jiangxi He Yi Ji Chu Pin_20_33 Jiangxi He Yi Ji Chu Pin_20_33

Jiangxi Hu Fu Ji Chu Pin_15_03 Jiangxi Hu Fu Ji Chu Pin_15_03, Product of Hu Fu Ji company or artist

Jiangxi Hu Fu Ji Chu Pin_20_37 Jiangxi Hu Fu Ji Chu Pin_20_37, as above

Jiangxi Hu Hua Chang Chu Pin_13_06 Jiangxi Hu Hua Chang Chu Pin_13_06, Hu Hua Chang is the artist’s name, see next example Jiangxi Hu Hua Chang Chu Pin_13_06i

Jiangxi Hu Hua Chang Zao_1_35 Jiangxi Hu Hua Chang Zao_1_35, Hu Hua Chang is a Republic period artist

Jiangxi Hu Mao Ji_20_28 Jiangxi Hu Mao Ji_20_28

Jiangxi Hu Sen Yuan Chu Pin_1  Jiangxi Hu Sen Yuan Chu Pin_1, Product of Hu Sen Yuan

Jiangxi Hu Xiang Tai Chu Pin_24_08  Jiangxi Hu Xiang Tai Chu Pin_24_08

Jiangxi Hu Yuan Tai Zao_24_15 Jiangxi Hu Yuan Tai Zao_24_15

Jiangxi Hu Zheng Fa Chu Pin_21_08 Jiangxi Hu Zheng Fa Chu Pin_21_08

Jiangxi Hua Cai Chu Pin_16_31 Jiangxi Hua Cai Chu Pin_16_31, Product of the Hua Cai company in Zhushan, Jiangxi Jiangxi Hua Cai Chu Pin_16_31i

Jiangxi Hua Chang Chu Pin_18_02 Jiangxi Hua Chang Chu Pin_18_02, Product of the Hua Chang Company

Jiangxi Hua Zhen Chu Pin_16_25 Jiangxi Hua Zhen Chu Pin_16_25, Product of the Hua Zhen company, with the inscription showing that Jiangxi Hua Zhen Chu Pin_16_25i the artist was Luo Zhonglin. See Hua Zhen Hua Shi_16_03 for a similar company mark with Luo Zhonglin also as artist

Jiangxi Hua Zhen Hua Shi Chu Pin_21_27 Jiangxi Hua Zhen Hua Shi Chu Pin_21_27, with an inscription “precious object made by Luo Zhonglin”.

Jiangxi Hua Zhen Hua Shi Chu Pin_24_40  Jiangxi Hua Zhen Hua Shi Chu Pin_24_40

Jiangxi Hua Zhen Hua Shi Chu Pin_26_12 Jiangxi Hua Zhen Hua Shi Chu Pin_26_12

Jiangxi Huang Jun X Chu Pin_20_38 Jiangxi Huang Jun ? Chu Pin_20_38

Jiangxi Huang Shun Fa Chu Pin_20_41 Jiangxi Huang Shun Fa Chu Pin_20_41

Jiangxi Ji Tai Chang Chu Pin_24_27 Jiangxi Ji Tai Chang Chu Pin_24_27

Jiangxi Jin Ji Zao Chu Pin_23_48 Jiangxi Jin Ji Zao Chu Pin_23_48

Jiangxi Jin Tang Ci She_1_34 Jiangxi Jin Tang Ci She_1_34, Company name, Jin Tang means Golden Hall

Jiangxi Jing Hua Bi Pin_25_14 Jiangxi Jing Hua Bi Pin_25_14

Jiangxi Jing Mei Gongsi_24_05 Jiangxi Jing Mei Gongsi_24_05, Jing Mei Company

Jiangxi Jing Mei Gongsi_24_10 Jiangxi Jing Mei Gongsi_24_10, Jing Mei Company

Jiangxi Jing Tao Gongsi_10_12 Jiangxi Jing Tao Gongsi_10_12, Jing Tao is probably the company name: the left part of inscription Jiangxi Jing Tao Gongsi_10_12_Jiangxi Xin Chang Chu Pin_i reads ‘Jiangxi Xin Chang Chu Pin’ indicating that the artist may be called Xin Chang

Jiangxi Jing Zhen Ming Xing Ci She 1950_06_19 Jiangxi Jing Zhen Ming Xing Ci She 1950_06_19,  Ming Xing may be the company name. Jiangxi Jing Zhen Ming Xing Ci She 1950_06_19i Jing Zhen is a shortening of Jingdezhen. According to Christies, the inscription indicates a dating to 1950

Jiangxi Jing Zhen Ming Xing Ci She_21_21 Jiangxi Jing Zhen Ming Xing Ci She_21_21

Jiangxi Jingdezhen Di Qi Gong Ye Cun Chu Pin_24_03 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Di Qi Gong Ye Cun Chu Pin_24_03

Jiangxi Jingdezhen Di Yi Ci (Chang) Chu Pin_25_05 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Di Yi Ci (Chang) Chu Pin_25_05

Jiangxi Jingdezhen Ming Ci_1_70 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Ming Ci_1_70, Generic name for one or more companies/factories in Jingdezhen. This mark appears to be a transitional or early one before wares similar to this one were stamped with factory circle marks during the 1950s and 1960s

Jiangxi Jingdezhen Min Ci_13 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Ming Ci_13, Generic name for one or more companies/factories in Jingdezhen. This mark has no factory number and the pattern is completely hand painted

Jiangxi Jingdezhen Min Ci_16 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Ming Ci_16, Generic name for one or more companies/factories in Jingdezhen. This mark has no factory number and the pattern is completely hand painted

Jiangxi Jingdezhen Ming Ci Nanchang Yuejin Shang Fang X_24_46 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Ming Ci Nanchang Yuejin Shang Fang ?_24_46

Jiangxi Jingdezhen Zao_1_36 Jiangxi Jingdezhen Zao_1_36, see above

Jiangxi Jingdezhen X Ming Ci_23_40 Jiangxi Jingdezhen ? Ming (1) Ci_23_40 

Jiangxi Li Chen Yong Fa Zao_25_47 Jiangxi Li Chen Yong Fa Zao_25_47

Jiangxi Li Fuchang Meishu Ci She_25_20 Jiangxi Li Fuchang Meishu Ci She_25_20, Li Fuchang Ceramic Painting Studio in Jiangxi

Jiangxi Li He Chu Pin_07_10 Jiangxi Li He Chu Pin_07_10, Jiangxi Li He Chu Pin_07_10_Jiangxi Huang Lihe Chupin_i Huang Li He is a known Republic period artist, the inscription reads ‘Jiangxi Huang Li He Chu Pin’

Jiangxi Li Ji Gongsi_1_31 Jiangxi Li Ji Gongsi_1_31, Jiangxi Li Ji Gongsi_1_31ia Ren(?) Li Ji or Li Ji is the company name, from the inscription ‘Jiangxi Ren(?) Li Ji Chu Pin’

Jiangxi Li Ji Gong Si 1920_15_12 Jiangxi Li Ji Gongsi 1920_15_12, Jiangxi Li Ji Gong Si 1920_15_12iMade by the Li Ji company, and from the inscription was made at Zhu Shan and possibly dated to the Geng Chen year, 1920

Jiangxi Li Sheng 1948_06_10 Jiangxi Li Sheng 1948_06_10, Li Sheng is the company or artist’s name, located in Jiujiang; the inscription  on the other side of this teapot gives a 1948 date and indicates that it was an engagement present to a named couple

Jiangxi Li Sheng_16_50 Jiangxi Li Sheng_16_50, Company/artist base mark and on the bottom of the inside of this bowl is the red mark shown: Jiangxi Li Sheng_16_50inside bowl_Yang San Fu Tangreading Yang San Fu Tang, apparently also a company name or commendation?

Jiangxi Ling Mei Cai Chu Pin 1953_20_06 Jiangxi Ling Mei Cai Chu Pin 1953_20_06, with a Gui Si, 1953, dating in the inscription

Jiangxi Ling Mei Cai Chu Pin 1947_20_07 Jiangxi Ling Mei Cai Chu Pin 1947_20_07, with a 1947 dating in the inscription

Jiangxi Liu He Ji Chu Pin_27_04 Jiangxi Liu He Ji Chu Pin_27_04

Jiangxi Liu Rong Sheng Chu Pin_01_2 Jiangxi Liu Rong Sheng Chu Pin_01_2, Company or artist’s name. Liu Rong Sheng was a famous Ming dynasty artist according to research by my translator, but she may have meant Qing!

Jiangxi Liu Rongsheng Chu Pin_24_25 Jiangxi Liu Rong Sheng Chu Pin_24_25

Jiangxi Liu Sheng He Chu Pin_1Jiangxi Liu Sheng He Chu Pin_1, Product of Liu Sheng He

Jiangxi Lize Xuan Chu Pin 1954_23_76 Jiangxi Lize Xuan Chu Pin 1954_23_76, an early PRC example from the reincarnation of this company (Lize Xuan, originally owned by Liang Duishi until his death in 1937, reopened after the war c. 1946 by Liang’s son)

Jiangxi Lize Xuan Zao_25_10 Jiangxi Lize Xuan Zao_25_10

Jiangxi Mei Shu Ci Chang_09_02 Jiangxi Mei Shu Ci Chang_09_02, Jiangxi Art Porcelain Company, from the inscription  Jiangxi Mei Shu Ci Chang_09_02i   made by Nie Xing Sheng, dated circa 1945

Jiangxi Mi Long Fa Chu Pin_5_23 Jiangxi Mi Long Fa Chu Pin_5_23, Company or Artist’s name of Mi Long Fa

Jiangxi Min Zheng Xing Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Min Zheng Xing Chu Pin_1, Product of Min Zheng Xing, owner. This mark was used by Mr. Min Zheng Xing (name) in his porcelain shop in Nanchang, Jiangxi province. At this time the Wa Lee Factory was still in Nanchang. In 1947 the Wa Lee Factory moved to Canton “near the end of the Yi De Road” and in 1949 moved on to Hong Kong. Meanwhile Min Zheng Xing remained in Jiangxi. Around 1951 to 1952 Min Zheng Xing “who also was an accomplished porcelain painter” travelled to HK once, trying to sell his Nanchang factory porcelains. Mr. Kung “treated him and took him around, but with little success since the times were difficult in HK too”. (Source: Simon Ng interview w Mr Kung, HK 2001, from the Gotheborg.com Marks list)

Jiangxi Min Zheng Xing Chu Pin_2  Jiangxi Min Zheng Xing Chu Pin _2, Product of Min Zheng Xing, owner, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_47 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_47, Generic mark for a large range of utilitarian as well as more refined porcelains made in Jiangxi province. ‘Ming Ci’ means reputable porcelain

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_48 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_48, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_49 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_49, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_50 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_50, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_51 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_51, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_52 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_52, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_53 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_53, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_55 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_55, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_56 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_56, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_57 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_57, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_58 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_58, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_59 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_59, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_60 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_60, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_61 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_61, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_62 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_62, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_63 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_63, see above Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_63iThis example also has a company name – Jiangxi Yong ? Chu Pin

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_68 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_68, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_69 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_69, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_71 Jiangxi Ming Ci_1_71, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_10_19 Jiangxi Ming Ci _10_19,  See bove,  Jiangxi Ming Ci_10_19_Jiangxi Lian Xi Zuo_i  The inscription reads ‘Jiangxi Lian Xi  Zuo’, so made by Lian Xi?  Lian Xi is the maker on the example ‘Lian Xi Tao Hui_08_03’ further down this list

Jiangxi Ming Ci_11_18 Jiangxi Ming Ci _11_18, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_14_19 Jiangxi Ming Ci _14_19, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_18_05 Jiangxi Ming Ci _18_05, Generic mark, see above

Jiangxi Ming Ci_14_24 Jiangxi Ming Ci _14_24, See above, Jiangxi Ming Ci_14_24iA different form of the Jiangxi Ming Ci mark. Inscription reads Zhong Guo (China) ? Chu Pin

Jiangxi Ming Ci_2 Jiangxi Ming Ci_2,  See above. A different form of the Jiangxi

Ming Ci mark

Jiangxi Ming Ci Jiu Feng Jian Zhi_20_39  Jiangxi Ming Ci Jiu Feng Jian Zhi_20_39

Jiangxi Ming Ci Yu De Chang Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Ming Ci Yu De Chang Chu Pin_1, Reputable product of Yu De Chang

Jiangxi Niu Fu Shun Zao_19_09 Jiangxi Niu Fu Shun Zao_19_09

Jiangxi Rao Hua Feng Zao_09_13 Jiangxi Rao Hua Feng Zao_09_13, Company or artist’s name of Rao Hua Feng, although there is a similarly named company with a similar calligrapher, see Jing Zhen Hua Feng Gongsi_03_01

Jiangxi Rong Ji Chu Pin_6_01 Jiangxi Rong Ji Chu Pin_6_01, Jiangxi Rong Ji Chu Pin_6_01iInscription seems to read Jiangxi ? Rong Ji Chu Pin, Artist’s or company name

Jiangxi San Yi He Chu Pin_20_13 Jiangxi San Yi He Chu Pin_20_13

Jiangxi She Xing Hua Chu Pin_5_20 Jiangxi She Xing Hua Chu Pin_5_20, Jiangxi She Xing Hua Chu Pin_5_20iInscription seems to bear the same characters. Artist’s or company name is She Xing Hua or just Xing Hua; Xing Hua is  company based in Nanchang, see also Xing Hua 01_07 and Jiangxi Xing Hua Gong Si_09_11

Jiangxi Sheng Fa Yang Zao_1_37 Jiangxi Sheng Fa Yang Zao_1_37, Artist’s or company name is Sheng Fa Yang

Jiangxi Shui Feng Zhen Pin_4_19 Jiangxi Shui Feng Zhen Pin_4_19, Shui Feng is the artist or a company name

Jiangxi Sheng Hua Tai Chu Pin_i_15_52ia Jiangxi Sheng Hua Tai Chu Pin_15_52, No mark but the inscription indicates that the artist’s name is Sheng Hua Tai

Jiangxi Tao Chang Chu Pin_06_18 Jiangxi Tao Chang Chu Pin_06_18, Tao Chang is the artist or a company name

Jiangxi Tao Chang Ci She_25_34 Jiangxi Tao Chang Ci She_25_34

Jiangxi Tao Xiao Chu Pin_25_16 Jiangxi Tao Xiao Chu Pin_25_16

Jiangxi Tao Yu Shan Fang_15_44 Jiangxi Tao Yu Shan Fang_15_44, Name of artist or company

Jiangxi Tong Fa Gongsi Chu Pin 1934_26_34 Jiangxi Tong Fa Gongsi Chu Pin 1934_26_34, Tong Fa Company and dated to December 1934 in the inscription 

Jiangxi Tu Rong Shun Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Tu Rong Shun Chu Pin_1, Product of Tu Rong Shun

Jiangxi Wan Song Mao Zao_15_14 Jiangxi Wan Song Mao Zao_15_14, Made by Wan Song Mao. There is a Republic artist called Wan Songmao, but with a very different style to this piece  Jiangxi Wan Song Mao Zao_15_14i – could be from the same studio though. Inscription has not been translated

Jiangxi Wan Zhao Nian Chu Pin_29_12 Jiangxi Wan Zhao Nian Chu Pin_29_12

Jiangxi Wan Zhu Ting Chu Pin_i_16_19i Jiangxi Wan Zhu Ting Chu Pin_16_19, No mark, but the inscription shows that the artist or company was Wan Zhu Ting

Jiangxi Wang Long Tai Zao_26_38 Jiangxi Wang Long Tai Zao_26_38

Jiangxi Wen X Long Zhi_09_15 Jiangxi Wen ? Long Zhi_09_15, Made by Wen ? Long

Jiangxi Wu Mao Sheng_1 Jiangxi Wu Mao Sheng Chu Pin_1, Product of Wu Mao Sheng

Jiangxi Wu Mao Sheng Chu Pin_27_41 Jiangxi Wu Mao Sheng Chu Pin_27_41

Jiangxi Xia Yong Xing  Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Xia Yong Xing Chu Pin_1, Product of Xia Yong Xing

Jiangxi Xian Shi Yuan Chu Pin_01_13  Jiangxi Xian Shi Yuan Chu Pin_01_13, ‘Xian Shi’ usually refers to a company based in Shanghai, not Jiangxi. So, not sure about this mark, could be a different company or a Jiangxi based branch?

Jiangxi Xie Sheng Chang Zhen Pin_4_18 Jiangxi Xie Sheng Chang Zhen Pin_4_18, No info, underglaze blue mark with an imperial based scrolling lotus pattern, Xie Sheng Chang would be the artist or company name

Jiangxi Xie Xing Yi Chu Pin_11_02 Jiangxi Xie Xing Yi Chu Pin_11_02, Product of Xie Xing Yi. The inscription repeats the name Jiangxi Xie Xing Yi Chu Pin_11_02_Jiangxi Xie Xing Yi Zuo_i ‘Jiangxi Xie Xing Yi Zuo’, which translates to  ‘Product of the Jiangxi Alliance for Prosperity’

Jiangxi Xie Xing Yi Chu Pin_23_21 Jiangxi Xie Xing Yi Chu Pin_23_21, see above

Jiangxi Xin Da Xiang Ci Chu Pin_23_55 Jiangxi Xin Da Xiang Ci Chu Pin_23_55

Jiangxi Xin Hua Gong Si_09_11 Jiangxi Xin Hua Gong Si_09_11, The ‘Xin Hua’ company was located in Nanchang, the largest prefecture level city in Jiangxi province

Jiangxi Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_09_14 Jiangxi Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_09_14,  The Xin Zhong Hua shop was one of the largest in Nanchang. The mark calligrapher for this and other

similar Xin Zhong Hua examples has a very distinctive style. Jiangxi Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_09_14iUntranslated inscription.  See ‘Nanchang’ examples of the Xin Zhong Hua company below

Jiangxi Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_18_90 Jiangxi Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_18_90, see above, this from Zeng’s Collection book

Jiangxi Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_18_95 Jiangxi Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_18_95, see above, this one of several from Complete Collection of Jiangxi Province book, held in the Gao’an City Museum

Jiangxi Xing Chang Ci She Chu Pin_16_46 Jiangxi Xing Chang Ci She Chu Pin_16_46, Product of the Xing Chang company in Jiangxi

Jiangxi Xiong Qin Ji Chu Pin_20_09 Jiangxi Xiong Qin Ji Chu Pin_20_09

Jiangxi Xiong Qin Ji Chu Pin_23_22 Jiangxi Xiong Qin Ji Chu Pin_23_22

Jiangxi Xiong Zhongxing Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Xiong Zhongxing Chu Pin_1, Product of  Xiong

Zhongxing

Jiangxi Xu Chan Mao Chu Pin_29_30 Jiangxi Xu Chan Mao Chu Pin_29_30

Jiangxi Xu Fu Tai Chu Pin_20_19 Jiangxi Xu Fu Tai Chu Pin_20_19

Jiangxi Xu Fu Tai Chu Pin_20_30 Jiangxi Xu Fu Tai Chu Pin_20_30

Jiangxi Xu Heng Xing Zao_10_18 Jiangxi Xu Heng Xing Zao_10_18, No Info, Xu Heng Xing is the artist’s or company name

Jiangxi Xu Heng Xing Zao_20_12 Jiangxi Xu Heng Xing Zao_20_12

Jiangxi Xu Hong Xing Zao_13_07 Jiangxi Xu Hong Xing Zao_13_07,  No Info, Xu Hong Xing is the artist’s or company name. Only the internal cup of this lidded mug had this mark, the mug itself had a 6 character red kaishu Qianlong mark in the rare configuration of 3 columns each with 2 characters (like the mark shown here), compared to the common 2 columns each with 3 characters. This was discussed on the Gotheborg list

Jiangxi Xu Sheng Ji Ci She_09_10 Jiangxi Xu Sheng Ji Ci She_09_10,  Xu Sheng Ji is probably a company name

Jiangxi Xu Xing Long Chu Pin_26_77 Jiangxi Xu Xing Long Chu Pin_26_77

Jiangxi Yang Qing Shan Chu Pin_14_23 Jiangxi Yang Qing Shan Chu Pin_14_23,  Yang Qing Shan

company or artist, repeated in the inscription Jiangxi Yang Qing Shan Chu Pin_14_23i

Jiangxi Yang Zhen Shun Chu Pin_19_19 Jiangxi Yang Zhen Shun Chu Pin_19_19

Jiangxi Yao Qing Zhen Pin_1_33 Jiangxi Yao Qing Zhen Pin_1_33, Yao Qing is the artist’s or company’s name

Jiangxi Yi Cheng Gongsi_18_83 Jiangxi Yi Cheng Gongsi_18_83, Yi Cheng Company, discussed on Gotheborg

Jiangxi Yi Cheng Gongsi_22_42 Jiangxi Yi Cheng Gongsi_22_42, might not be ‘Yi’

Jiangxi Yi Cheng Gongsi_23_50 Jiangxi Yi Cheng Gongsi_23_50

Jiangxi Yi Shu X Hao Chu Pin 1925_24_47 Jiangxi Yi Shu ? Hao Chu Pin 1925_24_47, and dated to 1925 in the inscription

Jiangxi Yi Xing He Ci Hao_07_07 Jiangxi Yi Xing He Ci Hao_07_07,  Painted by Yi Xing He. Yi Xing is a known Republican artist, other mentions are a Yi Xing 1914 tea tray, Yi Xing Long 1909 vase, and Davison notes that ‘Yi Xing Chang Ji’: “Righteousness giving rise to Prosperity” is a business name

Jiangxi Yin Wan Fa Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Yin Wan Fa Chu Pin_1, Product of Yin Wan Fa

Jiangxi Ying Jun Ci She_5_26 Jiangxi Ying Jun Ci She_5_26, Crane & flower teapot made by Ying Jun company

Jiangxi Ying Jun Ci She_15_08 Jiangxi Ying Jun Ci She_15_08, Another teapot, with tiger, by Ying Jun company

Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin_1_39 Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin_1_39, Company name, see next three items

Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin_4_30 Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin_4_30 Company name

Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin_08_16 Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin_08_16, Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin_08_16i Company name of Ying Yue Xuan on base mark and the inscription

Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin 1927_16_22 Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin 1927_16_22, Ying Yue Xuan company in Jiangxi, Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin 1927_16_22i Jiangxi Ying Yue Xuan Pin 1927_16_22ia dated in the inscription to 1927

Jiangxi Ying Lian Xuan Pin 1923_23_39 Jiangxi Ying Lian Xuan Pin1923_23_39, with a Gui Hai 1923 date in the inscription

Jiangxi Ying Lian Xuan Pin_27_67 Jiangxi Ying Lian Xuan Pin_27_57

Jiangxi Yong An Gong Si_09_07 Jiangxi Yong An Gong Si_09_07,  This piece has a Jiangxi Porcelain Company (Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi) base mark and yet on the inscription there is a name of Yong An; see also Yong An Gong Si Jian_05_18

Jiangxi Yong An Xiang Ci_27_29  Jiangxi Yong An Xiang Ci_27_29, another Yong An company example

Jiangxi Yu Fu Tai Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Yu Fu Tai Chu Pin_1,  Product of Yu Fu Tai

Jiangxi Yu Fu Tai Chu Pin_19_22 Jiangxi Yu Fu Tai Chu Pin_19_22

Jiangxi Yu Jing Hua Xuan_11_09 Jiangxi Yu Jing Hua Xuan_11_09,  Company name of Yu Jing Hua Xuan, repeated in the inscription Jiangxi Yu Jing Hua Xuan_11_09i which has distinctive calligraphy

Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_23_08 Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_23_08. This company specialised in yellow or lime green ground wares with cartouche or windows with flower and/or bird decorations

Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_23_44 Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_23_44

Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_23_46 Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_23_46

Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_25_58 Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi_25_58

Jiangxi Yu Qi Fa Chu Pin_11_20 Jiangxi Yu Qi Fa Chu Pin_11_20, Yu Qi Fa is shop/company name

Jiangxi Yu Shun Tai Chu Pin_20_34 Jiangxi Yu Shun Tai Chu Pin_20_34

Jiangxi Yu Xie Cheng Zao_25_50 Jiangxi Yu Xie Cheng Zao_25_50

Jiangxi Yu Xin Sheng Zhen Pin_27_50 Jiangxi Yu Xin Sheng Zhen Pin_27_50

Jiangxi Yu Xin Sheng Zhen Pin_27_51 Jiangxi Yu Xin Sheng Zhen Pin_27_51

Jiangxi Yu Yong Feng Chu Pin_01_19 Jiangxi Yu Yong Feng Chu Pin_01_19, Yu Yong Feng being the artist’s or company name

Jiangxi Yu Yuan Chang Hui_5_34 Jiangxi Yu Yuan Chang Hui_5_34, Yu Yuan Chang is a company name, see next example and also Yu Yuan Chang Zao 1916_13_20, which has no ‘Jiangxi’ prefix but has a date of 1916. Jiangxi Yu Yuan Chang Hui_5_34_Yu Yisheng_i On the inscription is the name Yu Yisheng

Jiangxi Yu Yuan Chang Zao_14_12 Jiangxi Yu Yuan Chang Zao_14_12, Yu Yuan Chang is a company name, see above. Jiangxi Yu Yuan Chang Zao_14_12i Untranslated inscription

Jiangxi Yu Yuan Shun Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Yu Yuan Shun Chu Pin_1, Product of Yu Yuan Shun

Jiangxi Yu Zhen Chang Chu Pin_20_36 Jiangxi Yu Zhen Chang Chu Pin_20_36

Jiangxi Yu X Ji Chu Pin_21_34 Jiangxi Yu ? Ji Chu Pin_21_34

Jiangxi Yuan _ _  Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi ? ? Yu De Chang Chu Pin_1, Product of  ?? Yu De Chang, can anyone translate these?

Jiangxi Yuan Ming Hua Chu Pin_20_08 Jiangxi Yuan Ming Hua Chu Pin_20_08

Jiangxi Yuan Ling X Chu Pin_18_79 Jiangxi Yuan Ling ? Chu Pin_18_79 

Jiangxi Yuan Sheng Sheng Chu Pin Jingdezhen_01_25 Jiangxi Yuan Sheng Sheng Chu Pin Jingdezhen_01_25, Presumably a Jingdezhen company name of Yuan Sheng Sheng. The pattern on this piece, coral ground and gold, is more common from Shanghai companies

Jiangxi Yuan Yu Hua Hui_09_09 Jiangxi Yuan Yu Hua Hui_09_09, Painted by Yuan Yu Hua?

Jiangxi Yuan X  Xing Chu Pin_20_42 Jiangxi Yu ? Ji Chu Pin_21_34

Jiangxi Yue Yong Fa Chu Pin_19_04 Jiangxi Yue Yong Fa Chu Pin_19_04

Jiangxi Zeng Yuan Xing Zao_1_38 Jiangxi Zeng Yuan Xing Zao_1_38, Made by the Zeng Yuan Xing Company

Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Chu Pin_10_24 Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Chu Pin_10_24, Most likely a company or artist name, Zhan Yong Xiang Xuan, repeated in the inscription ‘Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Xuan Chu Pin’, Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Chu Pin_10_24i see below for another example

Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Xuan Chu Pin_10_23 Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Xuan Chu Pin_10_23,  Most likely a

company or artist name Zhan Yong Xiang Xuan. Inscription Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Xuan Chu Pin_10_23i also reads ‘Jiangxi Zhan Yong Xiang Xuan Chu Pin’

Jiangxi Zhang Rong Ji Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Zhang Rong Ji Chu Pin_1, Product of Zhang Rong Ji

Jiangxi Zhang Rong Ji Chu Pin_22_39 Jiangxi Zhang Rong Ji Chu Pin_22_39

Jiangxi Zhang Rong Ji Chu Pin_22_39_2 Jiangxi Zhang Rong Ji Chu Pin_22_39_2

Jiangxi Zhao Yi Shun Chu Pin_10_22 Jiangxi Zhao Yi Shun Chu Pin_10_22,  Zhao Yi Shun is the

artist’s or company name. Jiangxi Zhao Yi Shun Chu Pin_10_22i_Jiangxi Yi Shun Zuo_i Inscription reads ‘Jiangxi Yi Shun Zao’

Jiangxi Zhao Yi Shun Chu Pin_15_04 Jiangxi Zhao Yi Shun Chu Pin_15_04, Product of Zhao Yi Shun company or artist

Jiangxi Zhao Yi Shun Chu Pin_18_75 Jiangxi Zhao Yi Shun Chu Pin_18_75

Jiangxi Zhen Pin 1943_12_09 Jiangxi Zhen Pin 1943_12_09,  Jiangxi Zhen Pin is a generic mark for a range of both utilitarian and higher (artistic) quality porcelains, made in Jiangxi by a range of manufacturers, with a range of different calligraphers if handwritten or stamps if not. Zhen Pin means Precious Product. This piece dated in the inscription to the Gui Wei year, 1943 Jiangxi Zhen Pin 1943_12_09i

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_1_64 Jiangxi Zhen Pin_1_64, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_1_65 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _1_65, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_1_66 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _1_66, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_1_67 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _1_67, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_4_12 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _04_12, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_5_44 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _5_44, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_06_06 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _06_06, See Above, handwritten mark

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_10_10 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _10_10, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_10_21 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _10_21, See Above

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_12_17 Jiangxi Zhen Pin _12_17, See above. From the inscription, the artist or company could be Xiao Cao Xuan and perhaps more from the untranslated inscription after it Jiangxi Zhen Pin_12_17_Xiao Cao Xuan_i  Jiangxi Zhen Pin_12_17i

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_15_06 Jiangxi Zhen Pin_15_06, Jiangxi Zhen Pin_15_06i_Yan Fu Tai Inscription indicates that this piece was made in Suzhou by Yan Fu Tai company or artist

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_18_81 Jiangxi Zhen Pin_18_81, from the book, the Great Fortune, handwritten mark

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_18_82 Jiangxi Zhen Pin_18_82, from the book, the Great Fortune, handwritten mark

Jiangxi Zhen Pin_18_85 Jiangxi Zhen Pin_18_85, from the book, the Great Fortune, handwritten mark

Jiangxi Zhi Cheng Gongsi_1_29 Jiangxi Zhi Cheng Gongsi_1_29, Company name Zhi Cheng

Jiangxi Zhong Hua Chu Pin _1 Jiangxi  Zhong Hua Chu Pin  _1, Product of the Zhong Hua Company or Jiangxi New China. This could be related to the Nanchang company/shop Xin Zhong Hua

Jiangxi Zhou Long Tai Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Zhou Long Tai Chu Pin_1, Product of Zhou Long Tai

Jiangxi Zhou Yi Fa Jian Hao_1 Jiangxi Zhou Yi Fa Jian Hao_1

Jiangxi Zhu Bing Tai Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Zhu Bing Tai Chu Pin_1, Product of Zhu Bing Tai

Jiangxi Zhu Bing Tai Jin Ji_15_25 Jiangxi Zhu Bing Tai Jin Ji_15_25, Made by Zhu Bing Tai company

Jiangxi Zhu Jing Cheng Chu Pin_1 Jiangxi Zhu Jing Cheng Chu Pin_1, Product of Zhu Jing Cheng 

Jiangxi Zhu Mei Tao Chu Pin_01_12 Jiangxi Zhu Mei Tao Chu Pin_01_12, Zhu Mei Tao is a company or artist’s name. It seems to have specialised in wares with He He boys decoration

Jiangxi Zhu Mei Tao Chu Pin_11_05 Jiangxi Zhu Mei Tao Chu Pin_11_05, Zhu Mei Tao is a company or artist’s name, see above

Jiangxi Zhu Mei Tao Chu Pin_21_18   Jiangxi Zhu Mei Tao Chu Pin_21_18, not He He boys decoration, so this company didn’t make just one pattern

Jiangxi Zhu Shan Zhen Pin_4_26 Jiangxi Zhu Shan Zhen Pin_4_26, Zhu Shan is the Chinese name for Pearl Hill which is located in Jingdezhen – it is the site of the old Imperial kilns and also the meeting place for the Eight friends of Zhu Shan during the early to mid Republic period

Jiangxi Zhushan Chu Pin_21_22 Jiangxi Zhu Shan Chu Pin_21_22

Jiangxi X Hua Chang Chu Pin_19_27 Jiangxi ? Hua Chang Chu Pin_19_27

Jiangxi X Liang Ciye_22_54 Jiangxi ? Liang Ciye_22_54

Jiangxi X Jing Yu Xuan Chu Pin_23_65 Jiangxi ? Jing Yu Xuan Chu Pin_23_65

 

Jie Zhu Zhu Ren Zuo_09_16 Jie Zhu Zhu Ren Zuo_09_16, translates to ‘The Master of Jie Zhu Made’ a collector’s mark which was first used in the Daoguang (1821-50) period. But this is a late Republic example

Jin Hua Mei Shu Ci Shi 1943_18_91 Jin Hua Mei Shu Ci Shi 1943_18_91, Jin Hua Arts Porcelain Workshop, dated to 1943 in the inscription, from Zeng’s Collection book. There is also a Jiujiang company named Jin Hua, see below

Jin Jian Tang Zhi_28_23 Jin Jian Tang Zhi_28_23

Jin Jiang Ci She Chu Pin_01_4 Jin Jiang Ci She Chu Pin_01_4, Jin Jiang Porcelain Company. Jin Jiang is a part of the city of Jingdezhen.

Jin Tang_11_33 Jin Tang_11_33, “Jin Tang” means Golden Hall, but is also the name of a Guangxu period artist. This example, however, is from later in the Republic and is probably a company name. See Jiangxi Jin Tang Ci She_1_34 above

Jin Yu Zhen Cang_4_21 Jin Yu Zhen Cang_4_21, Precious Collection of Treasure – Kangxi & Guangxu period mark

Jin Yu Zhen Cang_4_25 Jin Yu Zhen Cang_4_25,  Precious Collection of Treasure – Kangxi & Guangxu period mark

Jin Yu Zhen Cang_4_28 Jin Yu Zhen Cang_4_28, Precious Collection of Treasure – Kangxi & Guangxu period mark

Jin Yu Zhen Cang 1906_14_48 Jin Yu Zhen Cang 1906_14_48, Precious Collection of Treasure – Kangxi & Guangxu period mark, with an inscription dating it to the Bing Wu year, 1906

Jin Yu Zhen Cang_15_46 Jin Yu Zhen Cang_15_46, Precious Collection of Treasure – Kangxi & Guangxu period mark

Jin Yu Zhen Cang_23_56 Jin Yu Zhen Cang_23_56

Jin Zhuan Yin Guan_08_04 Jin Zhuan Yin Guan_08_04, “Poetic chamber of Jin Tiles”, originally a studio name of an official called Xu Yingrong and used in the Tongzhi period although this example is more likely Guangxu or Republic in age

Jing Hua Tao Hui_11_06 Jing Hua Tao Hui_11_06, Painted by Jing Hua Tao, same name in the inscription Jing Hua Tao Hui_11_06i

Jing Shi Zhou Yi Fa Jia Gong Chu Pin_1 Jing Shi Zhou Yi Fa Jia Gong Chu Pin_1, Product of Jing Shi Zhou Yi Fa Jia Gong

Jing Tang Fa Ji_29_08 Jing Tang Fa Ji_29_08

Jing Yuan Tang Zhi_18_08 Jing Yuan Tang Zhi_18_08, translated as ‘The Hall of Quiet Distances’

Jing Yuan Tang Zhi_18_84 Jing Yuan Tang Zhi_18_84, translated as ‘The Hall of Quiet Distances’, from the book, The Great Fortune

Jing Yuan Tang Zhi_21_15 Jing Yuan Tang Zhi_21_15, see above

Jing Zhao Cheng De Tang Zhi_24_17 Jing Zhao Cheng De Tang Zhi_24_17

Jing Zhen Gong X Xiang Zao 1919_16_21 Jing Zhen Gong ? Xiang Zao 1919_16_21, Made by the Gong ? Xiang company and dated in the inscription Jing Zhen Gong X Xiang Zao 1919_16_21i to the Ji Wei year, 1919, painted Yu Zi Yun at Zhushan, Xi Xuan

Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao 1888_13_08 Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao 1888_13_08, A modification of the Guan Yao Nei Zao (made in the Imperial Kilns) mark, by adding the Jing Zhen, a shortening for the town of Jingdezhen. See Guan Yao Nei Zao for explanation of the mark. Dated to 1888 in inscription Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao 1888_13_08i

Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao 1919_13_28 Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao 1919_13_28, See above. Dated to 1919 in inscription Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao 1919_13_28i_Ji Wei Zhi Xia Yue

Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao_13_09 Jing Zhen Guan Yao Nei Zao_13_09, See above

Jing Zhen Guang Da Chu Pin_25_56 Jing Zhen Guang Da Chu Pin_25_56

Jing Zhen Hua Feng Gongsi_3_01 Jing Zhen Hua Feng Gongsi_3_01, Company name of Hua Feng maybe, but mark calligraphy very similar to Jian Hua Ciye Gongsi_06_11 and the like, so they could be related

Jing Zhen Jiangxi Ming Ci_26_62 Jing Zhen Jiangxi Ming Ci_26_62

Jing Zhen Liu Yuan Shun Yin 1917_13_22 Jing Zhen Liu Yuan Shun Yin 1917_13_22, Probably Yuan Shun Yin company,with  Liu Xing Yuan the artist’s name, Jing Zhen Liu Yuan Shun Yin 1917_13_22i_Liu Xingyuan in the inscription?

Jing Zhen Liu Yuan Shun Yin 1918_19_10 Jing Zhen Liu Yuan Shun Yin 1918_19_10. Dated to Wu Wu 1918 in the inscription

Jing Zhen Ming Xing Ciye Gongsi_23_52 Jing Zhen Ming Xing Ciye Gongsi_23_52

Jing Zhen Sheng He Shun Zao_26_17 Jing Zhen Sheng He Shun Zao_26_17

Jing Zhen Yi Sheng Jian Hao_07_05 Jing Zhen Yi Sheng Jian Hao_07_05, Painted by Yi Sheng Jian in Jingdezhen

Jing Zhen X Song Jian Li_23_45 Jing Zhen ? Song Jian Li_23_45

Jing Zhen Yi Sheng Jian Hao_1 Jing Zhen Yi Sheng Jian Hao_1, Painted by Yi Sheng Jian in Jingdezhen

Jing Zhen Yu Yuan Chang Zao 1920_14_68 Jing Zhen Yu Yuan Chang Zao 1920_14_68, Yu Yuan Chang in Jingdezhen, this is one of the marks of the very prolific Republic period studio of Yu Yuan Sheng. Dated to 1920 in the inscription Jing Zhen Yu Yuan Chang Zao 1920_14_68i

Jing Zhen Yuan Jin Xuan Ci She_5_04 Jing Zhen Yuan Jin Xuan Ci She_5_04, Yuan Jin Xuan is the company name, but see Yuan Jin Xuan_14_66, which may be the artist’s name

Jing Zhen Zhan Xin Fa Chang 1921_15_51 Jing Zhen Zhan Xin Fa Chang_15_51, Zhan Xin Fa Chang company or artist with the inscription Jing Zhen Zhan Xin Fa Chang 1921_15_51i giving a dating to the Xin You year, 1921

Jingdezhen Ciye Gongsi Chu Pin_01_1 Jingdezhen Ciye Gongsi Chu Pin_01_1, May be related to the Jiangxi Porcelain Company in some way, translates as Jingdezhen Porcelain Company

Jingdezhen Hongqi Ci Chang Chu 7 Pin_26_33 Jingdezhen Hongqi Ci Chang Chu 7 Pin_26_33

Jingdezhen Lu Guang Shun Zao 1906_14_47 Jingdezhen Lu Guang Shun Zao 1906_14_47, Made by Lu Guang Shun company or artist in the Bing Wu year, 1906 Jingdezhen Lu Guang Shun Zao 1906_14_47i

Jingdezhen Meishu Hezuo Gongchang Chu Pin_07_24 Jingdezhen Meishu Hezuo Gongchang Chu Pin_07_24, Mark translates to Jingdezhen Arts Cooperative Factory Product, could be 1950s

Jingdezhen Sheng Li Mei Shu Ci She_06_09 Jingdezhen Sheng Li Mei Shu Ci She 1953_06_09, Dated in the inscription to 1953, Jingdezhen Sheng Li Mei Shu Ci She_06_09i may also be produced at the Jingdezhen Arts Cooperative (as above) but this teapot is also signed by Cheng Deng Jin, the artist presumably

Jingdezhen Taoci Gongsi Jiagong Chu Pin_28_62 Jingdezhen Taoci Gongsi Jiagong Chu 8 Pin_28_62

Jingdezhen Tong Zhi Weng Jian Zao_28_27 Jingdezhen Tong Zhi Weng Jian Zao_28_27

Jingdezhen Yi Shu Ci Chang Chu Pin_20_17 Jingdezhen Yi Shu Ci Chang Chu Pin_20_17

Jingdezhen Yi Shu Ci Chang Zong Zhi 1969_29_33 Jingdezhen Yi Shu Ci Chang Zong Zhi 1969_29_33, dated in this mark to 1969 in English numbers

Jiangxi Jingdezhen X Ming Ci_23_40 Jiangxi Jingdezhen ? Ming (1) Ci_23_40

Jingdezhen Zhi Yi Jiu Wu San Nian_26_88 Jingdezhen Zhi Yi Jiu Wu San Nian_26_88, Made in Jingdezhen in 1953, the date within the base mark

Jiu Yu_07_01 Jiu Yu_07_01, Artist’s name? Jiu Yu_07_01i Inscription gives a date of 1928

Jiujiang An Ji Ci Dian Chu Pin_19_01 Jiujiang An Ji Ci Dian Chu Pin_19_01. Jiujiang is the second largest prefecture level city in Jiangxi Province after Nanchang and is located about 125km northwest of Jingdezhen.

Jiujiang Bao Ji Chu Pin_25_03 Jiujiang Bao Ji Chu Pin_25_03

Jiujiang Chan Yu Cheng You Zao_3_03 Jiujiang Chan Yu Cheng You Zao_3_03, Made in the city of Jiujiang by Chan Yu Cheng company, as ‘you’ is short for youxian gongsi which means ‘ltd.’ or ‘Inc.’.  This mark was discussed on the Gotheborg List

Jiujiang Ciye Shang Dian 1932_28_49 Jiujiang Ciye Shang Dian 1932_28_49, a teapot, but with the matching platter dating to 1932 in the inscription

Jiujiang Da Xing Gongsi_3_02 Jiujiang Da Xing Gongsi_3_02, The Jiujiang Great Prosperity Company

Jiujiang Da Xing Gongsi_3_06 Jiujiang Da Xing Gongsi_3_06, The Jiujiang Great Prosperity Company, from AJ Allen’s book, Later Chinese Porcelain

Jiujiang De Cheng Chu Pin_14_26 Jiujiang De Cheng Chu Pin_14_26, Made in Jiujiang, a product of the De Cheng company

Jiujiang Feng Qin Shui Gai Liang Pin_24_26 Jiujiang Feng Qin Shui Gai Liang Pin_24_26

Jiujiang Guan Hua Chu Pin_26_21 Jiujiang Guan Hua Chu Pin_26_21 

Jiujiang Guang Hua Ci She_11_03 Jiujiang Guang Hua Ci She_11_03, Made in Jiujiang by the Guang Hua company. May be same as Jiangxi Guang Hua Gongsi_01_32 and Jiangxi Guang Hua Gongsi_14_20. Translated as the Jiujiang Everbright Company? – if so, this company was opened in 1935 and closed in 1937 when the Japanese laid siege to the city.

Jiujiang Hua Chang Chu Pin 1936_24_23 Jiujiang Hua Chang Chu Pin 1936_24_23, dated Bing Zi 1936 in the inscription, the artist is Zou Wen Hou

Jiujiang Hui Kang Chu Pin_16_36 Jiujiang Hui Kang Chu Pin_16_36, Product of Hui Kang company in Jiujiang, or painted by Kang

Jiujiang Jin Hua Chu Pin_11_13 Jiujiang Jin Hua Chu Pin_11_13, Made in Jiujiang, a product of the Jin Hua company. Have since seen several marks from this company

Jiujiang Jiu Chang Ci Zhuang_25_13 Jiujiang Jiu Chang Ci Zhuang_25_13

Jiujiang Lei De Mao Zhi_3_05 Jiujiang Lei De Mao Zhi_3_05, Made in Jiujiang by Lei De Mao company. Note distinctive calligraphy which is very similar to other Jiujiang based companies below……

Jiujiang Li Sheng Chu Pin_18_10 Jiujiang Li Sheng Chu Pin_18_10. Lisheng company in Jiujiang, from The Complete Collection of Jiangxi Province book, held in Jiangxi Provincial Museum. See ‘Jiangxi Li Sheng’ marks, above

Jiujiang Rong Hua Gongsi 1931_3_08 Jiujiang Rong Hua Gongsi 1931_3_08, Made in Jiujiang by Rong Hua company – Rong Hua means prosperous. Jiujiang Rong Hua Gongsi 1931_3_08i Dated to 1931 in the inscription

Jiujiang Yu Zhang Zhen Pin_24_01 Jiujiang Rong Hua Zhen Pin_25_08

Jiujiang Rong Hua Zhen Pin_5_43 Jiujiang Rong Hua Zhen Pin_5_43, Made in Jiujiang, a product of the Rong Hua company, see above

Jiujiang Rong Hua Zhen Pin_18_92 Jiujiang Rong Hua Zhen Pin_18_92, Made in Jiujiang, a product of the Rong Hua company, see above. This from Zeng’s Collection book

Jiujiang Run Sheng Yuan Zhi_25_42 Jiujiang Run Sheng Yuan Zhi_25_42

Jiujiang Shou Ji Ci Zhuang_3_04 Jiujiang Shou Ji Ci Zhuang_3_04, Made in Jiujiang by Shou Ji Ci Zhuang company or artist

Jiujiang Xie Xing Cheng Chu Pin_27_58 Jiujiang Xie Xing Cheng Chu Pin_27_58

Jiujiang Yu Shun Sheng  Chu Pin_01_23 Jiujiang Yu Shun Sheng Chu Pin_01_23, Made in Jiujiang, a product of Yu Shun Sheng, an early C20th artist

Jiujiang Yuan Dong Chu Pin_01_21 Jiujiang Yuan Dong Chu Pin_01_21, Made in Jiujiang, a product of Yuan Dong (Far East) company

Jiujiang Yuan Dong Chu Pin_07_26 Jiujiang Yuan Dong Chu Pin_07_26, Made in Jiujiang, a product of Yuan Dong (Far East) company

Jiujiang Yuan Dong Zhen Pin_07_02 Jiujiang Yuan Dong Zhen Pin_07_02, Made in Jiujiang, a product of Yuan Dong (Far East) company

Jiujiang Zhen Dong Ci She_23_71 Jiujiang Zhen Dong Ci She_23_71

Jiujiang Zhen Dong  Gongsi_3_07 Jiujiang Zhen Dong Gongsi_3_07, Made in Jiujiang by the Zhen Dong company

Jiujiang Zhen Dong Gongsi_3_09 Jiujiang Zhen Dong Gongsi_3_09, Made in Jiujiang by the Zhen Dong company

Jiujiang Zhen Hua Chu Pin_01_17 Jiujiang Zhen Hua Chu Pin_01_17, Made in Jiujiang, a product of Zhen Hua company

Jiujiang Zhen Xi Zhen Pin_25_17 Jiujiang Zhen Xi Zhen Pin_25_17

Jiujiang Zheng Tao Chu Pin_15_31 Jiujiang Zheng Tao Chu Pin_15_31, Product of Zheng Tao company

Kai  Zhai_12_04 Kai Zhai_12_04, Possibly an artist’s name or more likely the name of the person who ordered or collected this porcelain?

Kun Ji Hao Zao 1915_27_31 Kun Ji Hao Zao 1915_27_31, Made by Kun Ji Hao and a date in the inscription to 1915, winter, by Kun Ji Production 

Lan Yan She Zhi_14_21 Lan Yan She Zhi_14_21, Made by Lan Yan She. This doesn’t seem to be a hallmark, but the inscription Lan Yan She Zhi_14_21i_Bai Tou Fu Gui Tuon the side reads ‘Bai Tou Fu Gui Tu’ if anyone cares to translate this or the mark in another way

Lang Shining mark_5_05 Lang Shining mark_5_05, From Simon Kwan’s book on Republic Porcelain, this mark was used on Republic aged pieces which mimicked the work of Jesuit priest Lang Shining from the early Qing period

Le De Tang Zhi_11_30 Le De Tang Zhi_11_30, This untranslated hallmark does not appear in Davison’s Chinese marks book, so it may be a new Republic aged hallmark. The dragon & phoenix pattern on this piece is of late Guangxu to early Republic vintage

Le Gu Tang Zhi_16_49 Le Gu Tang Zhi_16_49, ‘Hall for Enjoying Antiquities’, a Jiaqing period hallmark, but this example is probably Republic period

Le Gu Tang Zhi_19_13 Le Gu Tang Zhi_16_49, ‘Hall for Enjoying Antiquities’, a Jiaqing period hallmark, but this example is probably Republic period

Le Lin X Zhi_23_25 Le Lin ? Zhi_23_25

Le Shan Tang Zhi_18_20 Le Shan Tang Zhi_18_20, translated as Leshantang Shop rather than a hallmark, from The Complete Collection of Jiangxi Province book and held in the Jingdezhen Ceramic Museum

Li Hua Chang Hui_3_26 Li Hua Chang Hui_3_26, Painted by Li Hua Chang. This example does not appear to be by the same maker as the two or three immediately following, despite the similar name

Li Hua Ci Ye Gong Si_5_16 Li (?) Hua Ci Ye Gong Si_5_16, Made by the Li Hua Porcelain Company (if the first character has been translated correctly?) Li Hua Ci Ye Gong Si_5_16i Untranslated inscription may give more info

Li Hua Ci Ye Gong Si_09_06 Li Hua Ci Ye Gong Si_09_06, Made by the Li Hua Porcelain Company

Li Hua Ciye Gongsi_20_11 Li Hua Ciye Gongsi_20_11, Made by the Li Hua Porcelain Company, Shanghai

Li Hua Ciye Gongsi_28_65 Li Hua Ciye Gongsi_28_65, Made by the Li Hua Porcelain Company, Shanghai

Li Hua Gongsi Zhen Pin_4_14 Li Hua Gongsi Zhen Pin_4_14, Product of the Li Hua Porcelain Company

Li Ji Hua Guan Chu Pin_01_6 Li Ji Hua Guan Chu Pin_01_6, Product of Li Ji Hua Guan

Li Lin Ge Zhi_15_33 Li Lin Ge Zhi_15_33, Made by Li Lin Ge, with the inscription indicating that this is the artist’s name Li Lin Ge Zhi_15_33i

Li Long Chang Zao_09_08 Li Long Chang Zao_09_08, Made by Li Long Chang company or artist

Li Lu He Xing 1926_16_30 Li Lu He Xing 1926_16_30, The inscription Li Lu He Xing 1926_16_30i shows that the artist’s name is Lu He Xing and dated to the Bing Yin year, 1926

Li Shun Xing Zao 1917_13_21 Li Shun Xing Zao 1917_13_21, Made by Li Shun Xing, company or artist, dated to the Ding Si year,1917, Li Shun Xing Zao 1917_13_21i in the inscription

Li Xie Xing Zao 1914_14_54  Li Xie Xing Zao 1914_14_54,  Made by Li Xie Xing,

considered a company mark in the Dated Porcelain section of Gotheborg , 1914

Lian Xi Tao Hui_08_03 Lian Xi Tao Hui_08_03  Painted by Lian Xi Tao, see also Jiangxi Ming Ci_10_19, in which the inscription includes ‘Jiangxi Lian Xi Zuo’

Liling Xian Tao Hua Sheng Chan He Zuo She Hui_26_42 Liling Xian Tao Hua Sheng Chan He Zuo She Hui_26_42, Drawn by Liling City Ceramic Painting Producers’ Co-operative Society

Lin Xiang Xing Zao_12_07 Lin Xiang Xing Zao_12_07, Made by Lin Xiang Xing, a company or artist name

Lin Zhi Cheng Xian_08_09 Lin Zhi Cheng Xian_08_09, This mark with these four characters is used to congratulate someone on the birth of a child, and/or to send the best wishes for more children

Lin Zhi Cheng Xian_08_10 Lin Zhi Cheng Xian_08_10, This mark with these four characters is used to congratulate someone on the birth of a child, and/or to send the best wishes for more children

Lin Zhi Cheng Xian_08_11 Lin Zhi Cheng Xian_08_11, This mark with these four characters is used to congratulate someone on the birth of a child, and/or to send the best wishes for more children

Liu Fu Xing Hao 1918_16_02 Liu Fu Xing Hao_16_02, painted by Jiu Fuxing, a known Republic period artist, dated in the inscription Liu Fu Xing Hao 1918_16_02i to the Wu Wu year, 1918 and made in Ke Ci, Jiujiang

Liu Jun He Zao 1916_14_57 Liu Jun He Zao 1916_14_57, Made by Liu Jun He, company or artist, in the Bing Chen year, 1916, Liu Jun He Zao 1916_14_57i from the inscription

Liu Ren Mao Zao_28_12  Liu Ren Mao Zao_28_12

Liu Yucen mark_12_27 Liu Yucen mark_12_27, Top auction house example of the seal mark of this well-known Republic artist, Liu Yucen, but the mark is not yet translated, ? shan ?

Liu Yucen_18_55 Liu Yucen mark_18_55, seal mark Liu Yucen, but the mark is not yet translated, ? shan ?, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book

Lize Xuan Ci_24_32 Lize Xuan Ci_24_32, Lize Xuan Company, originally owned by Liang Duishi, Nanchang

Lu_06_28 Lu_06_28, Mark on a small brushwasher sold by Christie’s

Luo Fa Tai Zao_14_14 - Copy Luo Fa Tai Zao_14_14, From the Gotheborg marks site, considered to be 1950s dating, made by Luo Fa Tai company or factory

Luo Sen Chang Zao_4_35 Luo Sen Chang Zao_4_35, Made by Luo Sen Chang Company or artist

Luo Sen Chang Zao_10_28 Luo Sen Chang Zao_10_28, Made by Luo Sen Chang Company or artist

Luo Sen Chang Zao_11_16 Luo Sen Chang Zao_11_16, Made by Luo Sen Chang Company or artist

Luo Sen Chang Zao_16_48 Luo Sen Chang Zao_16_48, Made by Luo Sen Chang Company or artist

Luo Yong Fa Zao 1917_13_23 Luo Yong Fa Zao 1917_13_23, Made by Luo Yong Fa Company or artist, in the Ding Si year, 1917, Luo Yong Fa Zao 1917_13_23i_Luo Zhu Lin from the inscription

Luo Yong Fa_28_63 Luo Yong Fa_28_63

Luo Yong Xing Zao 1918_10_07 Luo Yong Xing Zao_10_05, Made by the Luo Yong Xing Company or artist

Luo Yong Xing Zao_10_05 Luo Yong Xing Zao 1918_10_07, Made by the Luo Yong Xing Company or artist, dated to the 1918 year

Ma Qing Yun Hua Ya Chi 1916_14_59 Ma Qing Yun Hua Ya Chi 1916_14_59, Ma Qingyun is the name of a famous Late Guangxu to Republic artist, this lidded pot done in the Bing Chen year, 1916, from the inscription Ma Qing Yun Hua Ya Chi 1916_14_59i

Ma Qin Yun Hua_20_31 Ma Qin Yun Hua_20_31

Ma Qin Yun Hua 1929_20_47 Ma Qin Yun Hua 1929_20_47

Man Fu Mi Cang_19_03 Man Fu Mi Cang_19_03

Man Fu Mi Cang_21_07 Man Fu Mi Cang_21_07

Man Tang Fu Ji_18_22 Man Tang Fu Ji_18_22, translated as Mantangfu Shop, from the Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain, held in Jingdezhen ceramic Museum

Mao Yuan Chu Pin_01_15 Mao Yuan Chu Pin_01_15, Product of Mao Yuan, name of artist. Inscription indicates that Mao Yuan was a guest painter to Jingdezhen, from a province other than Jiangxi

Min Guo Nian Zhi 1919_13_27 Min Guo Nian Zhi 1919_13_27, Made in the Chinese Republic period, dated 1919 in the inscription Min Guo Nian Zhi 1919_13_27i_Ji Wei Dong

Minan Gongsi_3_10 Minan Gongsi_3_10. Minan is a company name and also a place name. Minan is located near Fuzhou on the coast east of Jiangxi, in the province of Fujian. Whether the Minan Gongsi (company) was actually located here, I don’t know. Mainly very well made, all handpainted, utilitarian wares bear this mark

Minan Gongsi_3_12 Minan Gongsi_3_12, See above

Minan Gongsi_3_13 Minan Gongsi _3_13, handwritten mark, see above

Minan Gongsi_3_15 Minan Gongsi _3_15, See above

Minan Gongsi_3_16 Minan Gongsi _3_16, See above

Minan Gongsi_10_26 Minan Gongsi _10_26, See above

Minan Gongsi_15_21 Minan Gongsi _15_21, See above

Ming Guo Er Shi Yi Nian Shi Yue 1932_3_21 Ming Guo Er Shi Yi Nian Shi Yue 1932_3_21, A date mark from Anthony J Allen’s book indicating the a date of October 1932

Ming Guo Zhen Pin_20_03 Ming Guo Zhen Pin_20_03, Precious collection of the Republic of China, in the inscription ‘Jiangxi Yong Shenglong Chu Pin’ 

Nan Jing Chu Pin PRC mark_09_23 Nan Jing Chu Pin PRC mark_09_23, Product of Nanjing. Present day Nanking, in Jiangsu Province, west of Shanghai. This and the next example are People’s Republic of China items

Nan Jing Chu Pin_12_03 Nan Jing Chu Pin_12_03, See above

Nan Jing Guo Hua Ciye Gongsi_25_54 Nan Jing Guo Hua Ciye Gongsi_25_54, Guo Hua Company in Nanjing

Nan Xing He Ji_12_06 Nan Xing He Ji_12_06, Presumably made by Nan Xing He Ji, a company or artist’s name

Nanchang Ren Ji Guang Ya Chu Pin_11_12 Nanchang  Ren Ji Guang Ya Chu Pin_11_12, Nanchang is the largest prefecture level city in the province of Jiangxi. It lies about 125km southwest of Jingdezhen. Many famous porcelain artists were originally from Nanchang and there were several large and important porcelain shops and outlets in the city. The mark on this piece may be a company name (there are two other examples with Guang Ya in the mark) or artist or something else, Ren Ji Guang Ya

Nanchang Cheng Xing Sheng Zhuan 1933_4_34 Nanchang Cheng Xing Sheng Zhuan 1933_4_34  Cheng Xing Sheng Zhuan company on the mark. The inscription on the side reads in part; Wang Xi Zhi; Gui you (year) – 1933; Two artists are mentioned: Li Nanyu and Jia Ci. See info on Nanchang above

Nanchang Cheng Xing Sheng Zhi_24_65 Nanchang Cheng Xing Sheng Zhi_24_65

Nanchang Da Hua Ci She_28_53 Nanchang Da Hua Ci She_28_53

Nanchang Hua Tun Chu Pin_25_04 Nanchang Hua Tun Chu Pin_25_04

Nanchang Lize Xuan 1954_21_19 Nanchang Lize Xuan 1954_21_19, see below

Nanchang Lize Xuan Chu Pin 1946_18_94 Nanchang Lize Xuan Chu Pin 1946_18_94, the Lize Xuan was Republic artist Laing Duishi’s famous shop in Nanchang, dated to 1946 in the inscription, from Zeng’s Collection book. This is odd, as another other sources say that not only did the Lize Xuan shop close in 1937, but it’s owner Liang Duishi died trying to flee the Japanese bombings. However, this Mr Zeng is a long time resident of Nanchang, and a porcelain collector and writer, and subsequently I discovered that the shop was re-opened by Liang’s son in the 1940s. The inscription definitely reads Bing Xu for 1946. Although this is a famous porcelain shop, this was the first mark of it I had ever seen

Nanchang Lize Xuan Xuan_24_59 Nanchang Lize Xuan Xuan_24_59

Nanchang Mei Zhang Ci Hang_21_10 Nanchang Lize Xuan Xuan_24_59

Nanchang Mei Zhang Ci Hang_24_38 Nanchang Mei Zhang Ci Hang_24_38

Nanchang Quan Jia Fu Chu PIn_5_24 Nanchang Quan Jia Fu Chu Pin_5_24, Product of Quan Jia Fu in Nanchang, a company or artist name. Nanchang Quan Jia Fu Chu Pin_5_24i According to my translator the inscription reads ‘from Lin Wei Cheng to General Mai Tang Na’ (it sounds like a Western name, probably MacDonald!). See info on Nanchang above

Nanchang Quan X Ci She 1954_24_62 Nanchang Quan ? Ci She 1954_24_62

Nanchang Ru Sheng Gongsi_24_55 Nanchang Ru Sheng Gongsi_24_55

Nanchang Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin 1947_5_3 Nanchang Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin 1947_5_3, Xin Zhong Hua was one of the two large shops in Nanchang where Liu Xiren (a famous Republic artist) and his brother Liu Xiyu sold their porcelains. It is also likely that Xu Zhongnan (one of the Eight Friends of Zhushan) also sold through this shop. This particular example is from Simon Kwan’s book and is signed by Liu Xiren and has a date of 1947. The mark calligrapher is very distinctive and prolific, as can be seen from the examples below. See info on Nanchang above

Nanchang Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin 1947_06_17 Nanchang Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin 1947_06_17, Xin Zhong Hua shop in Nanchang. The inscription shows a date of 13th April 1947, and signed by Xu Ze Xuan. See info on Nanchang above

Nanchang Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_07_06 Nanchang Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_07_06, Product of Xin Zhong Hua Shop in Nanchang. See info on Nanchang above

Nanchang Xin Zhong Hua Gongsi 1925_5_19 - Copy  Nanchang Xin Zhong Hua Gongsi 1925_5_19, Product of Xin Zhong Hua Shop in Nanchang. The date on the side Nanchang Xin Zhonghua 1925_5_19i of the brush holder is winter, 1925 and the artist’s name is Tu Zhu Zhung.  See info on Nanchang above

Nanchang Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_10_25 Nanchang Xin Zhong Hua Chu Pin_10_25, Product of Xin Zhong Hua Shop in Nanchang. See info on Nanchang above

Nanchang Zhen Hua Chu Pin_08_15 Nanchang Zhen Hua Chu Pin_08_15, ‘Zhen Hua Chu Pin’  has been translated as ‘Product of China Inspiration’ and as the business name of a Yixing potter. Whether this company mark is related is unknown as yet. See info on Nanchang above

Nanchang Zhen Hua Chu Pin_11_29 Nanchang Zhen Hua Chu Pin_11_29, See above

Nanchang Zhen Hua Chu Pin_16_16 Nanchang Zhen Hua Chu Pin_16_16, See above

Nanchang Zhen Hua Gongsi_16_17 Nanchang Zhen Hua Gongsi_16_17, See above, note that this overglaze blue mark is ‘gongsi’ not ‘chu pin’

Nanchang Zhong Hua Ci Zhuang_27_06 Nanchang Zhong Hua Ci Zhuang_27_06

Nanchang Zhong Hua Gong Si_11_25 Nanchang Zhong Hua Gong Si_11_25, This mark is almost certainly from the same shop as the Nanchang Xin Zhong Hua marks above. Same calligrapher, same high quality. See info on Nanchang above

Nanchang Zhong Hua Gongsi_4_32 Nanchang Zhong Hua Gongsi_4_32, This mark is almost certainly from the same shop as the Nanchang Xin Zhong Hua marks above. Same calligrapher, same high quality. See info on Nanchang above

Nanchang Zhong Hua Gongsi_4_33 Nanchang Zhong Hua Gongsi_4_33, This mark is almost certainly from the same shop as the Nanchang Xin Zhong Hua marks above. Same calligrapher, same high quality. See info on Nanchang above

Nanchang Zhong Hua Gongsi 1931_28_51 Nanchang Zhong Hua Gongsi 1931_28_51, dated to Xin Wei 1931 year in the inscription

Nanchang X Hua Chu Pin 1923_24_61 Nanchang ? Hua Chu Pin 1923_24_61, dating to January 1923 in the inscription

Nie Chuan Zao_11_23 Nie Chuan Zao_11_23, Made by Nie (?) Chuan. This item may actually be older than Guangxu. It could also be Japanese copying Chinese?

Panyu Wang Shi_18_12 Panyu Wang Shi_18_12 This mark refers to the owner, Wang Zhaoyong (1861-1939) from Panyu in Guangdong Province, political advisor to the Governor-General of Guangdong.

Pei Gu Zhai 1937_18_47 Pei Gu Zhai 1937_18_47, Studio mark of Cheng Yiting, means Studio of Respect for the Ancient, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dated to 1937 in the inscription

Pei Guo X Ci_20_46 Pei Guo ? Ci_20_46

Peng Cheng Zhuang Lian_07_03 Peng Cheng Zhuang Lian_07_03, Presumably, Peng Cheng Zhuang Lian is a company or artist’s name or is this a commendation mark?

Ping Ci Gongsi_3_17 Ping Ci Gongsi_3_17, Ping is Pingxian, a city in Jiangxi Province. This example is made by the Pingxian Porcelain Company. It was set up early in the Republic much like the Jiangxi Porcelain Company in Jingdezhen, but the Pingxian Porcelain did not last nearly as long, nor was it as prolific

Ping Ling Li Baoshan Tang Zhi Yu Yu Zhang _28_64 Ping Ling Li Baoshan Tang Zhi Yu Yu Zhang_28_64

Ping Shan 1947_06_29 Ping Shan 1947_06_29, This is the seal mark of famous Republican artist Wang Yeting, AND/OR confusingly, the same or similar seal was also used by a slightly later artist called Wang Xiaoting Ping Shan_06_29i The inscription indicates that this teapot was a gift, and made in the Ding Hai year, 1947, which means that Wang Xiaoting is the most likely artist

Ping Shan 1937_14_64 Ping Shan 1937_14_64, Mark of landscape specialist Wang Yeting, AND/OR confusingly, the same or similar seal  Ping Shan 1937_14_64i was also used by a slightly later artist called Wang Xiaoting, this piece painted in the Ding Chou year of 1937

Ping Shan Cao Tang_07_21 Ping Shan Cao Tang_07_21, Cao Tang means ‘thatched hut’, this mark could also be the mark of Wang Yeting OR Wang Xiaoting, as above

Ping Shan_07_14 Ping Shan_07_14, Possibly also the seal mark of landscape specialist Wang Yeting, OR a slightly later artist called Wang Xiaoting. The inscription is by Wang Ping, and this ususally refers to Wang Yeting Ping Shan_07_14i

Ping Shan_18_66 Ping Shan_18_66, Wang Xiaoting, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, he dates this 1930-1949

Ping Shan_18_67 Ping Shan_18_67, Wang Xiaoting, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, he dates this 1930-1942

Ping Shan 1932_18_69 Ping Shan 1932_18_69, this one Wang Yeting, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dated in the inscription to 1932, see also Wang Ping Ye Ting_18_68

Ping Shan 1935_18_70 Ping Shan 1935_18_70, this also to Wang Yeting, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dated in the inscription to 1935

Qi Fa Ci She Chu Pin 1934_11_07 Qi Fa Ci She Chu Pin 1934_11_07, Product of the Qi Fa company, with a date of Jia Xu, 1934, in the inscription Qi Fa Ci She Chu Pin_11_07i_Jia Xu 1934

Qi Feng_06_05 Qi Feng_06_05, Seal mark of Qi Feng

Qi X X Chang 1898_16_29Qi ? ? Chang 1898_16_29,  Qi X X Chang 1898_16_29i Made by Qi ? ? Chang, company or artist, and from the inscription dated to the Wu Xu year, 1898

Qi Yuan Shi Zhi 1873_14_28 Qi Yuan Shi Zhi 1873_14_28, Made by Qi Yuan Shi company or artist’s name, dated to the Gui You year, 1873, in the inscription Qi Yuan Shi Zhi 1873_14_28i

Qi Zhen Sheng Yin_18_86 Qi Zhen Sheng Yin_18_86, translated as ‘Unusually Precious, more precious than gold’, from the book The Great Fortune, dated to C19th but not sure when: the black and red filigree borders suggest a Republic dating to me

Qin Yun Shu Hua 1906_28_33 Qin Yun Shu Hua 1906_28_33, dated to the Bing Wu 1906 year in the inscription, signed Qin Yun

Qing Hua Zhen Pin_3_19 Qing Hua Zhen Pin_3_19, ‘Precious Object of Pure Splendour’ – A Guangxu aged commendation according to Davison

Qing Hua Zhen Pin_4_13 Qing Hua Zhen Pin_4_13, ‘Precious Object of Pure Splendour‘,see above

Qing Hua Zhen Pin_07_18 Qing Hua Zhen Pin_07_18, ‘Precious Object of Pure Splendour’, see above

Qing Hua Zhen Pin_12_01 Qing Hua Zhen Pin_12_01, ‘Precious Object of Pure Splendour’, see above

Qing Hua Zhen Pin_12_16 Qing Hua Zhen Pin_12_16, ‘Precious Object of Pure Splendour’, see above

Qing Hua Zhen Pin_13_03 Qing Hua Zhen Pin_13_03, ‘Precious Object of Pure Splendour’, see above

Qing Hua Zhen Pin_15_28 Qing Hua Zhen Pin_15_28, ‘Precious Object of Pure Splendour’, see above

Qing Yi Tang Zhi_11_32 Qing Yi Tang Zhi_11_32, ‘Hall of Blessings and Correctness’ –a Yongzheng to Jiaqing hallmark, this piece could be Daoguang, but the sloppiness of this ‘Tang Zhi’ mark is surprising and it could be Late Qing

Ren Xu Zhong Qiu Bai Xia Qing Hua Chupin_06_04 Ren Xu Zhong Qiu Bai Xia Qing Hua Chu Pin 1922_06_04, This item has no mark, but the inscription indicates that this was produced by the Qing Hua company at Bai Xia in the mid-autumn of Ren Xu year, 1922

Ruo Chen Shi  Zhi 1878_3_30 Ruo Chen Shi Zhi 1878_3_30, Made by Ruo Chen Shi, with the inscription reading ‘inscription by Yu Zi Ming Ruo Chen Shi Zhi 1878_3_30i in the winter of Wu Yin Year’, in this case probably 1878

Ruo Shen Zhen Cang_4_27 Ruo Shen Zhen Cang_4_27, Commendation mark in Davison’s book ‘Precious Collection of the seemingly old’ – Kangxi to Republic, also seen in seal script. However, Ruo Chen is also the name of a famous Republican period artist, according to some research done by my Chinese translator

Ruo Shen Zhen Cang_5_08 Ruo Shen Zhen Cang_5_08, see above

Ruo Shen Zhen Cang_15_47 Ruo Shen Zhen Cang_15_47, see above

Ruo Shen Zhen Cang_15_49 Ruo Shen Zhen Cang_15_49, see above

Ruo Shen Zhen Cang_19_18 Ruo Shen Zhen Cang_19_18

Shanghai Hong Kang Xiang Zhi_4_07 Shanghai Hong Kang Xiang Zhi_4_07, Made in Shanghai by the Hong Kang Xiang company, possibly using porcelain blanks from Jingdezhen then painted and fired in Shanghai

Shanghai Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_i_16_52i Shanghai Hua Cha Gongsi Chu Pin_16_52, No mark, but inscription gives all the information – made for the Hua Cha company in Shanghai. . ”Hua” means China, ”Cha” means tea, ”Hua Cha” here is a name of a tea producing company in Shanghai, but the porcelain is produced for it by a Jingdezhen porcelain company

Shanghai Jian Hua Chu Pin_26_64 Shanghai Jian Hua Chu Pin_26_64, the Jian Hua Company. This is a rather unusual mark version from this company which usually is base marked ‘Jian Hua Ciye Gongsi’

Shanghai Tai Xiang Xing Chu Pin_22_61 Shanghai Tai Xiang Xing Chu Pin_22_61

Shanghai Tai Xiang Xing Chu Pin Bei Men Wai _4_08 Shanghai Tai Xiang Xing Chu Pin Bei Men Wai _04_08, Product of the Tai Xiang Xing company of Shanghai, and then something about being outside the north gate. These porcelains are all of good quality and have a lot of gilding

Shanghai Tai Xiang Xing Chu Pin Bei Men Wai_01_26 Shanghai Tai Xiang Xing Chu Pin Bei Men Wai_01_26, Product of the Tai Xiang Xing company of Shanghai, as above plus a ‘CHINA’ mark. These porcelains are all of good quality and have a lot of gilding

Shanghai Tai Xiang Xing Chu Pin_01_5 Shanghai Tai Xiang Xing Chu Pin_01_5, Product of the Tai Xiang Xing company of Shanghai.

Shanghai Tai Xiang Xing Chu Pin Xin Bei Men Wai_25_24 Shanghai Tai Xiang Xing Chu Pin Xin Bei Men Wai_25_24

Shanghai Xian Shi Gongsi_4_06 Shanghai Xian Shi Gongsi_4_06, Made by the Xian Shi company of Shanghai. Xian Shi means ‘county city’ but is also the name of one of the big Department Stores in Shanghai during the Republic period.See also Xian Shi marks

Shanghai Xin X Yu Chu Pin Xin Bei Men_21_20 Shanghai Xin ? Yu Chu Pin Xin Bei Men_21_20

Shanghai Xin Bei Men Tai Xiang Xing Chu Pin_25_23 Shanghai Xin Bei Men Tai Xiang Xing Chu Pin_25_23

Shanghai Yan Xing Tai Dian Chu Pin_23_51 Shanghai Yan Xing Tai Dian Chu Pin_23_51

Shanghai Yan Xing Tai Chu Pin Xin Bei Men Nei_25_22 Shanghai Yan Xing Tai Chu Pin Xin Bei Men Nei_25_22

Shanghai Yi Chang Xiang Chu Pin_20_10 Shanghai Yi Chang Xiang Chu Pin_20_10

Shanghai Yi Chang Xiang Jian Zhi _20_18 Shanghai Yi Chang Xiang Jian Zhi _20_18

Shanghai Yong Da Chang Chu Pin_26_83 Shanghai Yong Da Chang Chu Pin_26_83

Shanghai X Lai Hao Chu Pin_26_80 Shanghai ? Lai Hao Chu Pin_26_80

Shao Wen Tang Zhi_12_32 Shao Wen Tang Zhi_12_32, ‘Hall of Enduring Reputation’ – Kangxi hallmark, but thought by a noted Gotheborg member to be mid-late C20th

Shen De Tang Zhi_3_31 Shen De Tang Zhi_3_31, Made for the ‘Hall for the Cultivation of Virtue’ – Kangxi, Daoguang & Republic periods. The examples here are all considered to be Republic in age. There is obviously a large range in the quality of the marks, colour, calligraphy, stamping. I doubt that any stamped mark could be from the Daoguang or earlier period.

Shen De Tang Zhi_07_11 Shen De Tang Zhi _07_11, See above

Shen De Tang Zhi_07_17 Shen De Tang Zhi _07_17, See above

Shen De Tang Zhi_08_14 Shen De Tang Zhi _08_14, See above

Shen De Tang Zhi_09_20 Shen De Tang Zhi _09_20, See above

Shen De Tang Zhi_10_08 Shen De Tang Zhi _10_08, See above

Shen De Tang Zhi_11_19 Shen De Tang Zhi _11_19, See above.  This example could be late Guangxu in age

Shen De Tang Zhi_11_22 Shen De Tang Zhi _11_22, See above

Shen De Tang Zhi_11_34 Shen De Tang Zhi _11_34, See above.  This example could be late Guangxu in age

Shen De Tang Zhi_12_14 Shen De Tang Zhi _12_14, See above.  This example could be late Guangxu in age

Shen De Tang Zhi_15_17 Shen De Tang Zhi _15_17, See above

Shen Run De Tang 1936_16_13 Shen Run De Tang 1936_16_13, This may be a commendation or maker’s (company) mark. Shen Run De Tang 1936_16_13I Dated in the inscription to the Min Guo year 25, 1936

Shi Jian Qi Zhi_25_15 Shi Jian Qi Zhi_25_15

Shi Lu_18_35 Shi Lu_18_35, Studio mark of Laing Duishi, means Stone Cottage, from Innovations and Creations book, held in The Art Museum, University of Hong Kong

Shi Lu_18_52 Shi Lu_18_52, Studio mark of Laing Duishi, means Stone Cottage, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dating around 1930-1937

Shi Shan 1942_18_71 (1) Shi Shan 1942_18_71, Studio mark of Wan Yunyan, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dated to 1942 in the inscription

Shou Du Guo Hua Gong Si Chu Pin_15_37 Shou Du Guo Hua Gongsi Chu Pin_15_37, Product of the Shou Du (Capital City) Guo Hua company

Jiang Du Guo Hua Gong Si Chu Pin_14_25 Shou Du Guo Hua Gong Si Chu Pin_14_25, Company name of Shou Du Guo Hua? (This has been moved – originally thought the name was Jiang Du not Shou Du)

Shu Shi Shan Fang 1902_16_27Shu Shi Shan Fang 1902_16_27, Shu Shi Shan Fang is the company name, with the inscription Shu Shi Shan Fang 1902_16_27i giving a date to the Ren Yin year, 1902 and the artist’s name as Chen Xi Zuo

Shu Zhou Xin Fa Ren Zhi_20_20 Shu Zhou Xin Fa Ren Zhi_20_20, made by Xin Fa Ren in (the Province/Locality of) Shuzhou

Shu Zhou Xin Fa Ren Zhi_26_72 Shu Zhou Xin Fa Ren Zhi_26_72, made by Xin Fa Ren in (the Province/Locality of) Shuzhou

 

Shuang Yi Cheng Zao 1919_13_29 Shuang Yi Cheng Zao 1919_13_29,  Made by Shuang Yi Cheng, from the inscription the maker, Shuang Yi Cheng Zao 1919_13_29i in the Ji Wei 1919 year

Si Chuan Zhi 1907_27_48 Si Chuan Zhi 1907_27_48, Made by Si Chuan and dated to 1907 (Yi Si) in the inscription

Song Tao Zuo_12_05 Song Tao Zuo_12_05, made by Song Tao

Tang Shan Xi Tao Yu Feng Fen Chang_14_16 Tang Shan Xi Tao Yu Feng Fen Chang_14_16, mark translates to ‘Tangshan 4th Porcelain Factory, Yue Feng Sub-division’, considered to be c. 1960 in age

Tang Song X Zao_28_37 Tang Song ? Zao_28_37

Tang Xi 1936_25_06 Tang Xi 1936_25_06, dated to the Bing Zi year 1936 in the inscription

Tang Yi Sheng Hua_16_05 Tang Yi Sheng Hua_16_05, Studio name of Tang Yi Sheng Hua? And from the inscription Tang Yi Sheng Hua_16_05i the artist is Tang Yiting, a known Republic period painter, in Zhushan

Tang Yuan Xing X _29_06 Tang Yuan Xing ?_29_06

Tao Cang Yu Zao_11_08 Tao Cang Yu Zao_11_08, Made by the Tao Cang Yu company, plus ‘CHINA’

Tao Cheng Yu Chang Chu Pin_09_03 Tao Cheng Yu Chang Chu Pin_09_03, Product of Tao Cheng Yu Chang Company or artist. Inscription reads ‘Harmonious Drinking, Virtuous Eating’

Tao Cheng Yu Chang Chu Pin_15_09  Tao Cheng Yu Chang Chu Pin_15_09, Same pattern and shape as the previous mark, product of Tao Cheng Yu Chang Company or artist. Inscription reads ‘Harmonious Drinking, Virtuous Eating’

Tao Cheng Yu Chang Chu Pin_20_43 Tao Cheng Yu Chang Chu Pin_20_43

Tao Tao Zhai1928_18_42 Tao Tao Zhai 1928_18_42, Studio mark of Wang Qi, from Innovations and Creations book, dated in the inscription to 1928 Tao Tao Zhai1928_18_42i

Tao Tao Zhai_18_62 Tao Tao Zhai_18_62, Studio mark of Wang Qi, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dating to around 1912-1925

Tao Tao Zhai 1927_18_63 Tao Tao Zhai 1927_18_63, Studio mark of Wang Qi, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dated in the inscription to 1927

Tao Tao Zhai 1933_18_64 Tao Tao Zhai 1933_18_64,  Studio mark of Wang Qi, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dated in the inscription to 1933

Tao Yu Shan Fang_15_45 Tao Yu Shan Fang_15_45, Name of artist or company. See similar mark with Jiangxi in front

Tao Yu Shan Fang_27_73 Tao Yu Shan Fang_27_73

Teng Ge Gao Feng_29_31 Teng Ge Gao Feng_29_31

Teng Xin Gongsi 1945_20_05 Teng Xin Gongsi 1945_20_05, Teng Xin Company, dated Yi You, 1945 in the inscription

Ti He Dian Zhi_21_25 Ti He Dian Zhi_20_25

Ting Song X_5_12 Ting Song ?_5_12, Seal, translated as Ting Song, possibly meaning Pine Pavillion, but I do not know at this stage which artist used this seal during the Republic period

Tong Sang Tai Zao 1911_14_52 Tong Sang Tai Zao 1911_14_52, Made by Tong Sang Tai company or artist in the Xin Hai year, 1911 

Tu_06_27 Tu_06_27, Seal mark which could be of the Republic artist Tu Juting. The painting and enamelling look very similar to some of the Nanchang Zhong Hua and Jiujiang Yuan Dong company porcelains. Tu Juting was a native of Nanchang until he moved to Jingdezhen in the late 1940s

X  Xi Xu Chang Mao Chu Pin_09_12 Untranslated ?  Xi Xu Chang Mao Chu Pin_09_12, Product of the company or artist Xu Changmao. It would be nice to know the first character

Untranslated X Shun X X 1887_16_07 Untranslated ? Shun ? ? 1877_16_07, with the inscription giving the artist’s name as Xiao Yun and Untranslated X Shun X X 1887_16_07i dated to the Ding Chou year, 1877. Made by the painter Wang Ding Sheng or Shun

Wan Li Jian Zhi_20_27 Wan Li Jian Zhi_20_27

Wan Song Mao Zao 1932_27_10 Wan Song Mao Zao 1932_27_10, dated in the inscription to March 1932 (Ren Shen), made by Mr Wang Lin ??? 

Wan Yong Shun Zao 1922_5_13 Wan Yong Shun Zao 1922_5_13, Made by Wan Yong Shu, artist, and dated in the inscription to the Jia Yin year, 1922 

Wan Yu_09_21 Wan Yu_09_21, Wan Yu is either the name of the artist or the name of the buyer. The inscription may offer more information? This mark in underglaze blue is often used on underglaze blue and white utilitarian wares from the Republic period

Wan Yu Chu Pin_26_63 Wan Yu Chu Pin_26_63

Wang Ding Shun Zao_16_06 Wang Ding Shun Zao_16_06, made by the painter Wang Ding Sheng or Shun

Wang Ping Ye Ting_18_68 Wang Ping Ye Ting_18_68, Studio mark of Wang Yeting, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dating to 1910-1920

Wang Tong Shun Zao 1918_13_26 Wang Tong Shun Zao 1918_13_26, Made by the known Republican artist Wang Tongshun, Wang Tong Shun Zao 1918_13_26i painted in the Wu Wu year, 1918

Wang Wu Beng Tang Jing Zeng_24_49 Wang Wu Beng Tang Jing Zeng_24_49

Wang Xiaoting_18_26 Wang Xiaoting_18_26, this studio mark is untranslated but is of the artist Wang Xiaoting, from The Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain, signed by him in the inscription and held in the Jiangxi Ceramic Museum

Wang Xiaoting_18_27 Wang Xiaoting_18_27, this studio mark is untranslated but is also from the artist Wang Xiaoting, from The Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain, signed by him in the inscription and held in the Wuning County Museum

Wang Xiaoyan Xie_20_02 Wang Xiaoyan Xie_20_02

Wang Yi Sheng Zhi 1895_15_57 Wang Yi Sheng Zhi 1895_15_57, Made by Wang Yi Sheng, a known artist, in 1895 Wang Yi Sheng Zhi 1895_15_57i

Wang Yi Sheng Zao_22_24 Wang Yi Sheng Zao_22_24

Wang Yong Tai Zao 1914_14_55 Wang Yong Tai Zao 1914_14_55, Made by known Republican artist Wang Yongtai and dated in the Wang Yong Tai Zao 1914_14_55i inscription to1914

Wang You Tang Zuo 1903_14_45 Wang You Tang Zuo 1903_14_45, Made by Wang Youtang, a well-known Guangxu period artist, painted Wang You Tang Zuo 1903_14_45i in the Gui Mao year (1903)

Wei Bao Tang Wang 1937_25_25 Wei Bao Tang Wang 1937_25_25, dated to Ding Chou 1937 in the inscription

Wei He Fa Ji_21_29 Wei He Fa Ji_21_29

Wen Fu Ya Wan_06_21 Wen Fu Ya Wan_06_21, Commendation mark translated as ‘Elegant trinket for a man of culture’ by Christie’s

Wen Hou Hua Zhi_25_18 Wen Hou Hua Zhi_25_18, painted by Zou Wen Hou, a famous Republic period artist

Wen Qing 1902 15_15 Wen Qing 1902 15_15, No mark, but the inscription indicates that the bowl was made by Wen Qing in the Ren Yin year, 1902. Wen Qing is a known Guangxu period artist.

Wu Chang Zhi Zao_13_02 Wu Chang Zhi Zao_13_02, Made by Wu Chang, the artist or company name. There is the suggestion that this item was made for the Southeast Asian market

Wu Li Chang Zao 1916_13_18 Wu Li Chang Zao 1916_13_18, Made by Wu Li Chang company or artist in the Bing Chen year 1916  Wu Li Chang Zao 1916_13_18i

Xi Ping Cao Lu_18_39 Xi Ping Cao Lu_18_39, Studio mark of  Wang Dafan, means ‘Thatched Hut with hope for peace’, from Innovations and Creations, dating around 1950-58

Xi Ping Cao Lu1953_18_40 Xi Ping Cao Lu 1953_18_40, Studio mark of Wang Dafan, means ‘Thatched Hut with hope for peace’, from Innovations and Creations, dated to 1953

Xi Ping Cao Lu 1931_18_60 Xi Ping Cao Lu 1931_18_60, Studio mark of Wang Dafan, means ‘Thatched Hut with hope for peace’, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dated in the inscription to 1931

Xi Ping Cao Lu 1931_18_61 (1) Xi Ping Cao Lu 1931_18_61, Studio mark of Wang Dafan, means ‘Thatched Hut with hope for peace’, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book,also dated in the inscription to 1931

Xi Yin Shan Fang_18_36 Xi Yin Shan Fang_18_36, a studio mark of Liu Xiren from Innovations and Creations book, with the inscription reading Xiren in black and a ‘Nanchang Liu’ seal Xi Yin Shan Fang_18_36i Xi Yin Shan Fang as yet untranslated

Xian Shi Gongsi Chu Pin_01_24 Xian Shi Gongsi Chu Pin_01_24, No doubt the same company as Shanghai Xian Shi, see above. Xian Shi means ‘county city’ but is also the name of one of the big Department Stores in Shanghai during the Republic period. The calligrapher of this example is the same as for Shanghai Xian Shi Gongsi_4_06

Xian Shi Gongsi Chu Pin_25_12 Xian Shi Gongsi Chu Pin_25_12, see above

Xian Shi Gongsi Zhen Pin_4_17 Xian Shi Gongsi Zhen Pin_4_17, No doubt the same company as Shanghai Xian Shi, see above, but with a stamped mark

Xian Shi Zhen Pin_4_29 Xian Shi Zhen Pin_4_29, Probably the same company as Shanghai Xian Shi, see above

Xian Shi Zhen Pin_22_60 Xian Shi Zhen Pin_22_60, see above

Xiang Rui Qi Zhen_11_24 Xiang Rui Qi Zhen_11_24,  Xiang Rui Qi is an aspirational mark, a saying

Xiang Rui Qi Zhen_11_31 Xiang Rui Qi Zhen_11_31, Xiang Rui Qi is an aspirational mark, a saying

Xiang Rui Qi Zhen_28_24 Xiang Rui Qi Zhen_28_24, Xiang Rui Qi is an aspirational mark, a saying

Xiang Yu Qi Zhen_15_24 Xiang Yu Qi Zhen_15_24, Made by Xiang Yu Qi company or artist

Xiao Yu Xing Chu Pin_1  Xiao Yu Xing Chu Pin_1, Product of Xiao Yu Xing

Xiao Yuan Zheng Cang_18_11 Xiao Yuan Zhen Cang_18_11 This base mark, ‘Prized Collection of Xiao Yuan’, was used by Cheng Men on many of his works. Xiao Yuan is unidentified

Xiao Yuan Zheng Cang_18_13 Xiao Yuan Zhen Cang_18_13, see above

Xiao Yuan Zheng Cang_18_33 Xiao Yuan Zhen Cang_18_33, see above

Xiao Yuan Zheng Cang_18_46Xiao Yuan Zhen Cang_18_46, see above

Xiao Zhen De Tang_23_41 Xiao Zhen De Tang_23_41

Xie Xing Yi Zao_28_08 Xie Xing Yi Zao_28_08, made by the Alliance for Prosperity 

Xin Shen Yu Chu Pin Zhong Guo Guo Huo Gongsi Jian Zhi_16_47 Xin Shen Yu Chu Pin Zhong Guo Guo Huo Gongsi Jian Zhi_16_47, Presumably the Xin Shen Yu company, Jiangxi, China

Xin You Nian Zhi_11_28 Xin You Nian Zhi_11_28, Made by Xin You, presumably the artist’s name

Xin You Jian Zhi_21_32 Xin You Jian Zhi_21_32

Xin Yuan Xuan Zao_10_01 Xin Yuan Xuan Zao_10_01, Mark says made by Xin Yuan Xuan company with the inscription Xin Yuan Xuan Zao_10_01_Jiangxi Wu Shao Feng Chu Pin_i providing the possible artist’s name of Wu Shao Feng

Xin Zhong Hua_18_21 Xin Zhong Hua_18_21, Xin Zhong Hua is the name of a Nanchang shop/company where Liu Xiren often sold his wares. From The Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain, signed in the inscription by Liu Xiren, and held in the Jiangxi Provincial Museum

Xin X Shun Zao_18_77 Xin ? Shun Zao_18_77

Xing Hua Chu Pin_01_7 Xing Hua Chu Pin_01_7, Product of Xing Hua. This may have some relation to the Nanchang shop Xin Zhong Hua. There is also a company called Jiangxi Xin Hua Gongsi

Xing Long Chu Pin_01_16 Xing Long Chu Pin_01_16, Product of the Xing Long company

Xing Long Zhen Pin_4_23 Xing Long Zhen Pin_4_23, Product of the Xing Long company

Xu Bing Zhen Zao 1920_22_23 Xu Bing Zhen Zao 1920_22_23, dated to Geng Shen, 1920, Autumn in the inscription

Xu Ren 1898_06_02 Xu Ren 1898_06_02, Xu Ren seal mark and, from the inscription, painted by He Xuren at Zhu Shan in the Xu Ren 1898_06_02i Wu Xu Year, 1898

Xu Ren Chu Pin_18_49  Xu Ren Chu Pin_18_49, mark of He Xuren, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dating to around 1930-1940

Xu ren Chu Pin_18_50 Xu Ren Chu Pin_18_50, mark of He Xuren, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dating to around 1930-1940

Xu Ren Chu Pin 1932_18_51 Xu Ren Chu Pin 1932_18_51 mark of He Xuren, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dated in the inscription to 1932

Xu Ren Jing Zhi 1934_14_11 Xu Ren Jing Zhi 1934_14_11,This vase was discussed on the Gotheborg List, has a date from the inscription of 1934, and is possibly by the famous artist He Xuren Xu Ren Jing Zhi 1934_14_11i

Xu Shen Fang Zhi_14_15  Xu Shen Fang Zhi_14_15, According to the Gotheborg site this means “Made to order by Xu Shen House”

Xu Wan Shun Zao_16_42 Xu Wan Shun Zao_16_42, Made by Xu Wan Shun, artist, untranslated inscription  Xu Wan Shun Zao_16_42i

Xu Xie Tai Chu Pin_11_04 Xu Xie Tai Chu Pin_11_04, Product of the Xu Xie Tai company or artist Xu Xie Tai Chu Pin_11_04_He He Xiao Xuan Hua_i

Xu Xing Tai Hui_24_24 Xu Xing Tai Hui_24_24, Xu Xing Tai Company

Xu Xing Tai Zhi_21_23 Xu Xing Tai Zhi_21_23, Xu Xing Tai Company

Xu Xing Tai Zhi_22_38 Xu Xing Tai Zhi_22_38, Xu Xing Tai Company

Xu Yong Feng Zao 1921_14_03 Xu Yong Feng Zao 1921_14_03, Made by Xu Yong Feng company and from the inscription Xu Yong Feng Zao 1921_14_03i Xu Yong Feng is also the painter, dated to the Xin You year, 1921

Xu You Zhu Ju 1913_15_27 Xu You Zhu Ju 1913_15_27, Company or studio mark, from the inscription this is dated to the Gui Chou Xu You Zhu Ju 1913_15_27i year, 1913, and the artist is Xu Feng Sheng, a known Guangxu period artist, so this dating puts him into the early Republic period as well

Xu You Zhu Ju 1913_15_56 Xu You Zhu Ju 1913_15_56, Xu You Zhu Ju might be the company or studio name but the inscription   Xu You Zhu Ju 1913_15_56i  gives the artist’s name of Xu Feng Sheng, a known artist, painted in the Gui Chou year, 1913, at Chang Jiang, Ke ci. See above

Xu You Zhu Ju 1915_27_27 Xu You Zhu Ju 1915_27_27, dated in the inscription to the Yi Mao, 1915, year and the artist being Xu Fengsheng 

Xu Yu Mao Zao_22_22 Xu Yu Mao Zao_22_22

Xu Yuan Chang Zao_28_14 Xu Yuan Chang Zao_28_14

Xu Zhen Xiang Shi 1921_16_32 Xu Zhen Xiang Shi 1921_16_32, ‘Xu Zhen Xiang Shi’ can be translated to ‘Xu’s Hall of Good Omens’  and the artist Xu Zhen Xiang Shi 1921_16_32i in the inscription is translated as Xu Da Sheng or Xu Feng Sheng, both well known Guangxu/Republic period artists!  Neither artist has other examples of Flower and Bird patterns as these two pieces are, so am not sure which is right

Xu Zhen Xiang Wu 1921_14_04 Xu Zhen Xiang Shi 1921_14_04, ‘Xu’s Hall of Good Omens’ and the inscription is signed Xu Da Sheng Xu Zhen Xiang Wu 1921_14_04i_Xu Dasheng or Xu Feng Sheng, see above and dated to 1921

Xu X Mao Zao 1908_15_11 Xu ? Mao Zao 1908_15_11, Made by Xu ? Mao

Xu X X X Sheng Zhi 1890_15_35 Xu ? ? ? Sheng Zhi 1890_15_35, Very hard to read the marks, but the inscription indicates that Xu X X X Sheng Zhi 1890_15_35i the artist is Yu Ziming and was painted in the Geng Yin year, 1890

Xuan Lu Te Zhi_11_27 Xuan Lu Te Zhi_11_27, Made by Xuan Lu company or artist

Xuan Zhong Zhen Cang_5_15 Xuan Zhong Zhen Cang_5_15, Product of or collection of Xuan Zhong

Xue Le Ling_5_36 Xue Le Ling_5_36, Xue Le Ling is possibly the name of the person who ordered this set of porcelain

Ya Ming Zhen Cang_12_12 Ya Ming Zhen Cang_12_12, Product of or Collection of Ya Ming company or person, and from the inscription Ya Ming Zhen Cang_12_12_Sun Yi Xing_i painted by Sun Yi Xing

Ya Ming Zhen Cang_12_21 Ya Ming Zhen Cang_12_21, Product of or Collection of Ya Ming company or person

Ya Wan Zhen Cang_07_15 Ya Wan Zhen Cang_07_15, Product of the Ya Wan Company or collection of Ya Wan

Ya Wan Zhen Cang_15_05 Ya Wan Zhen Cang _15_05, Product of the Ya Wan Company or collection of Ya Wan

Ya Wan Zhen Cang_18_31 Ya Wan Zhen Cang_18_31, Yawan Treasure, from The Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain book, held by the Lushan City Museum

Ya Wan Zhen Cang_22_04 Ya Wan Zhen Cang_22_04

Yan Gu Tang Zhi_07_19 Yan Gu Tang Zhi_07_19, This hallmark is not in Davison’s book, so it could be a new Early C20th hallmark. I don’t know its meaning, but the mark is present on an 85 piece dinner setting, and came from the estate of a Belgian who lived and worked in mainland China 1896-1948

Yang Qing Lou Zhi_18_41 Yang Qing Lou Zhi_18_41 Yang Qing Lou Zhi_18_41 base mark and seal markof Yang Qing Lou

Yang Yong Xing Fa 1929_14_10 Yang Yong Xing Fa 1929_14_10, Xing Fa is the name of a well-known Republic period painter. However, this piece was discussed on Gotheborg List, and it was considered that Yang was the surname of the painter, Yong Xing Fa was the factory name. “Yang was either employed by the Yong Xing Fa Company or Yang was the Factory Owner, Porcelain Factory owners were often good porcelain Painters in those days.” Yang Yong Xing Fa 1929_14_10i This piece is dated to the Ji Si year, 1929

Yen Sen Sen 1925_14_61 Yen Sen Sen 1925_14_61, Yen Sen Sen, probably a company/factory name, and in the inscription Yen Sen Sen 1925_14_61i this piece is dated to 1925

Yi Bao  Zhen Pin_4_10 Yi Bao Zhen Pin_4_10, Product of Yi Bao, which was apparently a famous Chinese department store around 1922

Yi Chang Ciye Gongsi_24_22 Yi Chang Ciye Gongsi_24_22, Yi Chang Company

Yi Chang Ciye Gongsi_26_32 Yi Chang Ciye Gongsi_26_32, Yi Chang Company

Yi Fa Chu Pin_15_53 Yi Fa Chu Pin_15_53, Yi Fa is the artist’s name

Yi Hou Zhen Pin_4_24 Yi Hou Zhen Pin_4_24, Product of Yi Hou company or artist

Yi Ji Qi Zhen 1917_14_60 Yi Ji Qi Zhen 1917_14_60, Yi Ji Qi Zhen is a factory or company name, dated to the Ding Si year, 1917 Yi Ji Qi Zhen 1917_14_60i

Yi Qun Ci Shi_07_09 Yi Qun Ci Shi_07_09, Yi Chun Ci Shi Company, backed up by the inscription  Yi Qun Ci Shi_07_09i

Yi Shan Tang Zhi_3_27 Yi Shan Tang Zhi_3_27, ‘Hall of Complete Benevolence’ – Jiaqing to Guangxu hallmark

Yi Tao Zhai__07_16 Yi Tao Zhai_07_16, This studio mark reads Yi Tao Zhai which has been translated as ‘Studio that is also a pottery’. This seal was used by the artist Zhang Zhitang (1893-1971)

Yi Tao Zhai_18_45 Yi Tao Zhai_18_45, Studio mark of Zhang Zhitang, means Studio that’s also a pottery, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dating to around 1937-1944

Yi Xing Long Zao 1909_14_51  Yi Xing Long Zao 1909_14_51, Made by Yi Xing Long company or artist, dated 1909 in the inscription Yi Xing Long Zao 1909_14_51i

Yi X X X X X Yuan Jin Xuan Ci She_14_66_2 Yi X X X X X Yuan Jin Xuan Ci She_14_66? and the inscription reading in part Jiangxi Liang ? Chu Pin Yi X X X X X Yuan Jin Xuan Ci She_14_66i_Jiangxi Liang X Chu Pin

Yi X Gongsi_15_59 Yi ? Gongsi_15_59, Yi ? is a company name, the inscription indicating that the artist was Hu Haiqing Yi X Gongsi_15_59i (Guangxu period) and painted in Xi Xuan, Zhu Shan

Yin Bao De Tang Zhi Yong_15_18 Yin Bao De Tang Zhi Yong_15_18, the untranslated

inscription may give more information about this mark Yin Bao De Tang Zhi Yong_15_18i

Ying Bing Zhai_06_20 Ying Bing Zhai_06_20, Studio of Swallowing Ice

(while fasting), the studio name for painter Liu Yucen Ying Bing Zhai_06_20i

Ying Bing Zhai_18_56 Ying Bing Zhai_18_56, Studio of Swallowing Ice (while fasting), the studio name for painter Liu Yucen

Ying Bing_18_54 Ying Bing_18_54, a studio mark of Liu Yucen, means ‘Swallowing Ice’ (while fasting), from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dating to around 1922-1943

Ying Lian Xuan Zao 1916_15_22 Ying Lian Xuan Zao_15_22, Made by Yian Lian Xuan

company, and in the inscription Ying Lian Xuan Zao 1916_15_22i dated to the Bing Chen year, 1916, artist Xian Cha

Yong An Gong Si Jian Zhi_5_18 Yong An Gong Si Jian Zhi_5_18, Yong An company supervised manufacture

Yong An Jian Zhi_27_30 Yong An Jian Zhi_27_30, Yong An manufacture

Yong He Fa Ji_3_25 Yong He Fa Ji_3_25, No Information, company or artist name?

Yong Hua Tang Zhi_18_53 Yong Hua Tang Zhi_18_53, a hallmark of Liu Xiren, untranslated, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dating to around 1930-1940

Yong Qing Chang Chun_16_41 Yong Qing Chang Chun_16_41, ‘yong qing chang chun’ means ‘Eternal prosperity and enduring Spring’ and is the ­­­­­­­necessary base mark for the ‘Da Ya Zhai’ wares of the Dowager Empress Cixi in the late C19th. This is not one of those Da Ya Zhai wares, nor is it trying to be. This example is either late Guangxu or early Republic and is included here to show that non-Dayazhai wares can carry this mark

Yong Qing Chang Chun_16_51 Yong Qing Chang Chun_16_51, See above

Yong Qing Chang Chun_18_09 Yong Qing Chang Chun_18_09, see above

Yong Sheng Xiang Zao_24_14 Yong Sheng Xiang Zao_24_14

Yong Shi Shan Fang_18_87 Yong Shi Shan Fang_18_87, untranslated, from the book The Great Fortune

Yong Xing Chang Zao_3_24 Yong Xing Chang Zao_3_24, Made by Yong Xing Chang, the inscription repeating the company name Yong Xing Chang Zao_3_24i_Yong Sheng Chang Chu Pin

Yong Xing Chang Zao_28_61 Yong Xing Chang Zao_28_61

You Wen_15_41 You Wen_15_41, No other info, presumably an artist’s or studio name or seal

You Xiang_3_23 You Xiang_3_23, You Xiang could be the artist, the owner or the manufacturer

Yu Cheng_18_93 Yu Cheng_18_93, Yu Cheng (I think?), a Liu Yucen Mark, signed by him in the inscription, from Zeng’s Collection book

Yu Chu 1933_14_63 Yu Chu 1933_14_63, Seal Mark of Yu Chu, dated in the inscription to the Gui You year, 1933 Yu Chu 1933_14_63i and indicating a gift from from Shi Yu Chu to Sir Ming De

Yu Hai Ji Zao_24_52 Yu Hai Ji Zao_24_52

Yu He Jun Yin_24_34 Yu He Jun Yin_24_34

Yu Hua Zhen Zao_4_22 Yu Hua Zhen Zao_4_22, Made by Yu Hua company or artist

Yu Hua Zhen Zao_20_26 Yu Hua Zhen Zao_20_26

Yu Jin Shen Cang_12_02 Yu Jin Shen Cang_12_02, Collection of Yu Jin Shen or a commendation mark of some sort

Yu Jinshun Zao 1924_07_04 Yu Jinshun Zao 1924_07_04, Made by Yu Jinshun company or artist and dated to the Jia Zi year, 1924, the inscription  Yu Jinshun Zao 1924_07_04isaying  Shuo Yue Jinshun Zhi perhaps

Yu Mei Ji Zao_23_47 Yu Mei Ji Zao_23_47, there are several marks ‘Jiangxi Yu Mei Ji Zhi’, see above under Jiangxi

Yu Qi Nian Tang1934_12_33 Yu Qi Nian Tang 1934_12_33, No info about this mark, dated to 1934, ming guo 23 Yu Qi Nian Tang1934_12_33i

Yu Qing Tang Zhi_5_37 Yu Qing Tang Zhi_5_37, ‘Hall of Abundant Blessings’ –  a Kangxi hallmark originally, but this example is  Republic period

Yu Xin Mao Shi_08_05 Yu Xin Mao Shi_08_05, Yu Xin Mao Shi is either a company name or artist, same name in inscription Yu Xin Mao Shi_08_05i

Yu Yuan Chang Zao 1916_13_20 Yu Yuan Chang Zao 1916_13_20, Artist’s name of Yu Yuan Chang, see also Jiangxi Yu Yuan Chang Hui_05_34 and  Jiangxi Yu Yuan Chang Zao_14_12, for the same artist, but a different stamped mark and Jing Zhen Yu Yuan Chang Zao_14_68 also. Yu Yuan Chang is also known as Yu Yuan Sheng and was extremely prolific. Dated to the Bing Chen year, Yu Yuan Chang Zao 1916_13_20i1916, in the inscription

Yu Yuan Chang Zao_14_67 Yu Yuan Chang Zao_14_67, See above Yu Yuan Chang Zao mark but from the studio of Yu Yuan Sheng

Yu Yuan Chang Zao 1924_16_11 Yu Yuan Chang Zao 1924_16_11, Yu Yuan Chang Zao 1924_16_11iSee above, this example dated in the inscription to the Jia Zi year, 1924

Yu Yuan Xing Zao 1916_13_19 Yu Yuan Xing Zao 1916_13_19, Made by Yu Yuan Xing, artist, and dated in the inscription Yu Yuan Xing Zao 1916_13_19i to the Bing Chen year, 1916

Yu Zi Ming 1907_14_49 Yu Zi Ming 1907_14_49, This is the seal mark of Yu Ziming, dated in the inscription to the Ding Wei year, 1907 Yu Zi Ming 1907_14_49i

Yuan_29_24 Yuan_29_24

Yuan Sheng Sheng Zao_24_51 Yuan Sheng Sheng Zao_24_51

Yuan Wen Wu Guo Zhi Zhai_18_59  Yuan Wen Wu Guo Zhi Zhai_18_59, studio mark of Wang Bu, means ‘Studio where I want to hear my faults’ (Davison marks book), from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dating to around 1920-1935

Yun Ge Jian Zhi_15_26 Yun Ge Jian Zhi_15_26, Made by Yun Ge Jian, this might be a Daoguang aged set of porcelain, not Late Qing or Republic

Yun Li Ci Chang Chu Pin_08_13  Yun Li Ci Chang Chu Pin_08_13, Product of Yun Li Ci Chang, company or artist

Zeng Wan Sheng Hao 1906_16_12 Zeng Wan Sheng Hao_1906_16_12.jpg, painter Zeng Wansheng

Zeng Yu Tian Zhi_16_38 Zeng Yu Tian Zhi_16_38, Made by Zeng Yu Tian company or artist. The translator interprets the first character here as Zeng, but it could be Zheng, see a similar mark under ‘Zheng’ – first character only. Not sure which is correct

Zha Ren Yu Zao_5_06 Zha Ren Yu Zao_5_06, Made by Zha Ren Yu?

Zhan Xing Fa Zao_16_37 Zhan Xing Fa Zao_16_37, Made by Zhan Xing Fa company. Although there was a known Republican artist named Xing Fa, this is unlikely to be his work, although he may have set up a factory/company to produce a range of styles

Zhang Fu Zi Yong_12_18 Zhang Fu Zi Yong_12_18, No info, but looks like an owner’s or a commendation mark

Zhang Rong Ji Zao_25_57 Zhang Rong Ji Zao_25_57

Zhang Sen He Zao_21_39 Zhang Sen He Zao_21_39

Zhang Yi Tai Hui 1903_13_16 Zhang Yi Tai Hui 1903_13_16, Painted by Zhang Yi Tai, the artist’s name, in the Gui Mao year, 1903. “A number of old businesses in San Francisco Chinatown have this same tai character as the last one in a three-character name, for example “Jiu Jong Tai,” “Fa Ming Tai,” “Guang Xing Tai,”” etc. This was discussed on the Gotheborg list

Zhang Yi Tai Zao 1904_13_17 Zhang Yi Tai Zao 1904_13_17, Made by Zhang Yi Tai in the Jia Chen year, 1904. See above

Zhao Cai Jin Bao_14_65 Zhao Cai Jin Bao_14_65, This mark is aspirational, translating to ‘Inviting Wealth and Treasure’ and is considered a Guangxu period mark

Zhao Cai Jin Bao_28_15 Zhao Cai Jin Bao_28_15

Zhao De Tang Zhi_12_34 Zhao De Tang Zhi_12_34, This hallmark means ‘Hall of Manifest Virtue’ – it is a Republic period mark

Zhen He Sheng Zao_19_14 Zhen He Sheng Zao_19_14

Zeng Wan Sheng Hao 1906_16_12 Zheng Wan Sheng Hao 1906_16_12, Painted by Zheng
Wansheng a known Guangxu   Zeng Wan Sheng Hao 1906_16_12i Zeng Wan Sheng Hao 1906_16_12iaperiod artist and dated to painted by Zeng Wan Sheng and dated in the inscription to 1906

Zhi Ben Tang Zhi_08_08 Zhi Ben Tang Zhi_08_08, This hallmark means ‘Hall for Planting Roots’ – considered to be a Qianlong to Daoguang period mark, but this example looks Late Qing to me, with a close relationship to Dayazhai decoration

Zhi Yin1935_18_44 Zhi Yin 1935_18_44, mark of artist Xiong Zuoxian, but meaning untranslated, from Innovations and Creations book, dated to 1935 in
the inscription Zhi Yin1935_18_44i

Zhong De Fa Zao_14_05 Zhong De Fa Zao_14_05, Mark reads made by Zhong De Fa, but inscription mentions Zhong Mingshan Zhong De Fa Zao_14_05i_Zhong Ming Shan who was a well-known Republican artist

Zhong Deng  Zhen Pin_5_27 Zhong Deng Zhen Pin_5_27, Product of Zhong Deng, company or artist

Zhong Deng Zhen Pin_20_22 Zhong Deng Zhen Pin_20_22, Product of Zhong Deng, company or artist

Zhong Hua Ming Guo_19_02 Zhong Hua Ming Guo_19_02

Zhong Hua Min Guo Nian Zhi_5_09 Zhong Hua Min Guo Nian Zhi_5_09, ‘Made in the Republic of China’

Zhong Hua  Zhen Pin_4_11 Zhong Hua Zhen Pin_4_11, Product of Zhong Hua company. The mark calligraphy, decoration and name ‘Zhong Hua’ points to this mark being made for the Xing Zhong Hua shop in Nanchang

Zhong Hua  Zhen Pin_4_20 Zhong Hua Zhen Pin_4_20, Product of Zhong Hua company. The mark calligraphy, decoration and name ‘Zhong Hua’ points to this mark being made for the Xing Zhong Hua shop in Nanchang

Zhong Hua Zhen Pin_5_29 Zhong Hua Zhen Pin_5_29, Product of Zhong Hua company. The mark calligraphy, decoration and name ‘Zhong Hua’ points to this mark being made for the Xing Zhong Hua shop in Nanchang

Zhong Hua Zhen Pin_5_30 Zhong Hua Zhen Pin_5_30, Product of Zhong Hua company. The mark calligraphy, decoration and name ‘Zhong Hua’ points to this mark being made for the Xing Zhong Hua shop in Nanchang

Zhong Mo Shan Fang_08_17 Zhong Mo Shan Fang_08_17, Zhong Mo Shan Fang is the artist’s name. The whole base mark inscription reads ‘Zhou Yu Ji Hao Jian Zao’ and ‘Zhong Mo Shan Fang Shu Hua’, which hasn’t been translated

Zhong Nan_18_30 Zhong Nan_18_30, a studio mark of Xu Zhongnan, from The Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain book, held in the Jingdezhen Ceramic Museum

Zhong Nan 1934_18_72 Zhong Nan 1934_18_72, another studio mark of Xu
Zhongnan, from S.Kwan’s Republic Porcelain book, dated in the inscription to 1934

Zhou Hong Shun Zao_16_15 Zhou Hong Shun Zao_16_15, Made by Zhou Hong Shun
company, with the inscription Zhou Hong Shun Zao_16_15i giving the artist’s name as Fan Zi Nan from Jiangxi

Zhou Sheng Shun Zhi_5_33 Zhou Sheng Shun Zhi_5_33, Made by Zhou Sheng Shun company. The inscription indicates Zhou Sheng Shun Zhi_5_33i_Zhou Liang Yuan Zhi that the piece was produced or painted by Zhou Liang Yuan

Zhou Xiao Song Zhi 1912_14_53 Zhou Xiao Song Zhi 1912_14_53, Made by Zhou Xiao
Song and signed by him in the inscription Zhou Xiao Song Zhi 1912_14_53i in the Ren Zi year (1912)

Zhu Cheng Ze Tang_18_32 Zhu Cheng Ze Tang_18_32, Zhu Chengze Shop from The Complete Collection of Jiangxi Porcelain book, held in the Shangrao City Museum

Zhu San Wei Tang_09_18 Zhu San Wei Tang_09_18, Not a hallmark in Davison’s book, open to suggestions

Zhu Shan_11_15 Zhu Shan_11_15, Zhu Shan means Pearl Mountain, or Pearl Hill, the site of the old Imperial kilns in Jingdezhen and the meeting location of the Eight friends of Zhu Shan

Zhu Shi Jia Cang_26_26 Zhu Shi Jia Cang_26_26, Zhu family collection

Zou Wen Hou 1931_25_27 Zou Wen Hou 1931_25_27, dated to the Xin Wei 1931 year in the inscription and signed by Zou Wen Hou at Zhushan

So, with the May, 2014 update this comes to a total of more than 830 marks, around 600 different ones. The main reason for showing multiple examples of the same mark is to show the subtle and not so subtle differences between them – in the Republic Period there is much more ‘leeway’ allowed for the way marks are written and/or stamped.

Thanks, Michaela

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

  • The New & Revised Handbook of Marks on Chinese Ceramics 2010 ISBN 978-0-9564518-0-4 by Gerald Davison
  • Canon of Colored Ceramic painting of Famous Artists in Modern China 2005 ISBN 7-80730-031-0
  • Innovations and Creations, A Retrospect of 20th Century Porcelain from Jingdezhen 2004  ISBN 962-7101-69-9  Jingdezhen Ceramic Museum and Art Museum & The Chinese University of Hong Kong
  • Chinese Porcelain of the Republic Period 2008  ISBN 978-988-98818-9-4  Simon Kwan, Muwen Tang Fine Arts Publication Ltd
  • The Complete Collection of Porcelain of Jiangxi Province    Morning Glory PublishersPorcelain from the year 1912-1949 (I) 2008  ed. Tie Yuan (Company and Artist signed) ISBN 978-7-5054-1744-1 & Porcelain from the year 1912-1949 2008 ed. Tie Yuan (reign marked copies) ISBN 978-7-5054-1745-8
  • From the Dragon’s Treasure, Chinese Porcelain from the 19th & 20th Century 1987ISBN 1-870076-05-2  Gunhilde Avitabile    Bamboo Publishing
  • Allen’s Authentication of Later Chinese Porcelain (1796AD-1999AD)  2000ISBN 0-473-06582-7  Anthony J. Allen  Allen’s Enterprises Ltd
  • Allen’s Introduction to Later Chinese Porcelain  1996ISBN 0-473-03836-6  Anthony J. Allen  Allen’s Enterprises
  • Century Retrospect, Zeng’s Collection of Jingdezhen Porcelain during 20th Century 2003 ISBN 7-80178-089-2 eds. Zeng Meifang & Zeng Chengyu    Hua Ling Press
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14 thoughts on “CHINESE REPUBLIC (1912-1949) and other MARKS OVERVIEW

    • Dear Lydia,
      Many thanks for your comment. I am a geologist by occupation, now semi-retired. I have been collecting Chinese ceramics since 1995. Chinese ceramics from the Late Qing and Republic are now my focus, concentrating on the patterns produced during the period and mainly on utilitarian wares. I would have to say that I am a researcher rather than a collector, hence this blog. I am sorry that I have no experience in ‘professional’ consulting in this area, but would be happy to offer opinion on items from this era. I will contact you.
      Best wishes, Michaela

  1. It seems that we are researching the same period, although my own speciality and the primary focus of my collection is mid- to late-19th century Qianjiang porcelain. However, I have been working on the dating of 20th century porcelain, and particularly the Jiangxi Industrial Porcelain Company. Your collection of Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi marks is incredibly helpful, and it seems that we have reached similar conclusions about a number of them. Could I ask where you are based, please?

  2. Thank you Michaela for your very interesting post on Repubic base marks.

    I am hoping you can answer a question I have, which I can not find in any of my Qianlong books on ceramics.
    You seem to have put a great deal of home work in to Qing ceramics.
    My question, did the Republic potters make vases in two parts and lute them together like the potters did in early and later part of the Qianlong Dynasty ?

    No Michaela this is not a trick question

    I am Melbourne based

    Kind regards Lester

    • Dear Lester,
      Thank you for your comments. Unfortunately I cannot help you with your question. I suggest that you ask this to a Chinese or Asian ceramics forum – there will be someone out there who knows. Asian Art Forums or the Gotheborg Discussion group come to mind. There are books written on this but they are in Chinese so…..
      Best of luck, Michaela

  3. Hello Michaela,
    What a fascinating blog, I am so plased I came acros it, I have daily contact with 20th century Chinese ceramics and have not had such a useful recourse in the past.
    Unfortunately the images of the 20th century marks are not showing on my computer screen,would it be possible to email me a pdf of the pages so I can use them for my work please?

    Thanks
    Chris

    • Dear Chris,
      Thanks for your kind comments. If you, or anyone else, can’t see the images I suggest that you try a different browser to view the blog. I know this has worked for others. Best wishes, Michaela

  4. Dear Chris, I recently purchased a vase with a Heron on the side of it. It says Meitao underneath and has a trademark shaped like a pot with a handle. I was wondering if you can tell me something about it. Warm regards Neal

    • Hi there,
      I am afraid I can’t help with your mark on this blog. I suggest you try some of the Chinese Art and Porcelain Forums (Asian Art, Gotheborg etc) and you will need pictures of the mark and the item. Good luck, Michaela

  5. Hi Michaela
    Congratulations to making this fantastic source when looking for Republic marks. I’m also very glad you have tried to tell when the marks comes from dated pieces. Your list is in alphabetical order but the trouble is that most of us don’t know the translation of the first character so we have to search in the whole batch to find it. I know it’s to much wish to get a “first character” for translation so it’s easy to scroll to the marks with that character start or of course much better a link to those marks. But you can always wish:-). Another way can be to have them in “number of characters” order. It will reduce the research a bit I think. If I should dream I also want a possible date for the piece it’s taken from.
    Your friend Tommy

    • Thanks Tommy for your suggestions. I agree it is quite difficult to search this list in its present form. When I started doing this it was much more manageable as there only about 100 marks! Now I even get ‘lost’ in my marks and can spend too much time looking for particular ones. If I knew more about chinese characters and their recognition it might help. However, all the ‘dictionaries’ seem to base their classification on the number of radicals etc and that was even more complicated, at least for me.

      I will look into dividing them up according to “number of characters” but just keeping up with the updates of the marks themselves takes an enormous amount of time – collecting them, compiling them, sending them off for translation, resizing etc and then posting. Perhaps back on the Gotheborg Discussion Group site I can offer some solutions. I don’t want to check specific marks which people may offer or ask about on this blog, much easier to discuss on Gotheborg.

      As you have seen, some of the marks are dated in their inscriptions. Dating each example is something I have thought about for quite some time, but firstly I don’t have enough confidence to narrow down some of the pieces unequivocally, certainly not into 10 year groupings. Broader groupings such as ‘Late Qing’/ ‘Republic’/ ‘People’s Republic (PRC) might be possible. Secondly and originally, this list was really just posted to obviate the need for people to get translations done (again) of these marks. However, I can see that if it takes so long to find a mark, that makes it quite difficult….

      Thank you so much for your thoughts, I really appreciate the input and will think through all your suggestions for the next update!
      Best wishes, Michaela

  6. I have two stamps. Chinese. One yellow. One Blue. The square seal is a purple colour. Stamp depicts central oval shape with words in side. Either side two flags. One with circle top left corner other circle in flag centred. A very primitive looking pair. Seal looks a bit like Chen Fu Xing 10 27 Jiangxi Chen Fu. Any advice thanks. Rhys Roberts.

    • Hi Rhys,
      I am sorry that I cannot help you on this blog. I suggest you join and/or upload images of your marks to one of the Chinese Art and Porcelain Forums (Asian Art Forum, Gotheborg.com etc). Good luck, Michaela

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